The book entitled “Prospects in Bioscience: Addressing the issues” is a collection of selected research papers presented at the International Conference on Advances in Biological Sciences (ICABS) organized by the Department of Biotechnology and Microbiology and the Inter University Centre for Bioscience, Kannur University, Kerala, India. ICABS witnessed a unique spectrum of Scientific Programmes on the most recent and exciting developments in modern biology. The conference displayed the numerous breakthroughs and significant developments in the important areas of modern biology and their relevance to the welfare of global society.
The Book contains 50 well written chapters, each one discussing scientifically organized findings of original research work done in reputed laboratories. Needless to say, they deal with advances in various disciplines of modern biology including Cell and Molecular Biology, Structural Biology, Industrial and Environmental Biotechnology, Food and Agricultural Biotechnology and Medical Biotechnology. As the title rightly indicates, the chapters project the prospects in the respective areas and the issues in them.
Specific issues discussed in the book includes development of transgenic plants, bioremediation of toxic industrial effluents, biotransformation for novel antibiotics, biofertilizer development, molecular drug designing and structure elucidation, molecular identification of pathogens, production of anti microbials, biocontrol agents and bioactive molecules, cancer biology, plant breeding and hybrid seed production etc. The book with its contents spreading across the vast arena of modern biology is expected to cater to the need of researchers, technologists and students.
Foreword.-Preface.-About the Book.-About the Editors.-Dedication.- 1.Fish processing industrial effluent characterization and partitioning of proteins using aqueous two-phase system ,Viswanatha, H. Nagaraja, Regupathi, I.-2.Bioremediation of zinc using Bacillus sp. isolated from metal contaminated industrial zone Krishna M P, Rinoy Varghese, Arun Babu V, Jyothy S, Mohamed Hatha A A.-3.Evaluation of bryophyte protein based defense against selected phytophagous insects,Remya Krishnan and K. Murugan.-4.A novel algorithm for prediction of hub proteins from primary structure in eukaryotic proteome using di-peptide compositional skew information and amino acid sequence likeness,Aswathi B L, Baharak Goli, Renganayaki Govindarajan, Achuthsankar S. Nair.-5.Naïve Bayes Based Classification for Short Microbial Genes Using Chaos Game Representation,Baharak Goli, Aswathi B L, Achuthsankar S. Nair.- 6.PCR-RFLP of 16S RNA gene for identification of speciation of meat of porcine origin in processed and admixed meat.Anjana Sharma, Shiv Kumar, Neha Sharma Deepak Sharma.- 7.A novel HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor from methanolic extract of Holoptelea integrifolia (Roxb) Planch,Arun K. S and Anu Augustine.- 8.Optimization of cultural and nutritional parameters for the production of protease from newly isolated bacterial strain Bacillus sdr 10,Dinta Daniel, B.S. Rakhi, S. Subramaniyan, G.S Sandhia.- 9.Identification of a PPAR delta agonist: An in silico approach towards drug design for metabolic syndrome,Serena D’Souza, Uma Maheshwari, Santhosh Rebello, Asha Abraham.-10 .Preliminary phytochemical and antimicrobial activity of ethanolic extract of Pittosporum viridulum stem bark.-11.Biochemical and Nutritional Evaluation of Monochoria vaginalis Presl,Pradeesh S, Archana G Nair, Devi Chinmayee M, Sarika C. S, Mini I, Swapna T. S.- 12.Assessment of genotypic variability for growth, biophysical parameters, yield and yield attributing characters under drought stress in Cotton,B. C. Patil, A.G. Babu, K.N. Pawar.-13.Study of serum immunoglobulins levels: Complement C3 and C4 in vitiligo patients in Northern India,Suman Singh, Usha, S.S.Pandey.- 14.Evaluation of antimicrobial potential of an invasive weed Amaranthus spinosus L,Mary Sheeba A, Deepthi S.R, Mini I.-15.Evolutionary genomics of avian MHC BLB2 gene by molecular phylogenetic analysis ,K. Sudina, R. Arun, E. Jayadevi Variyar .-16.Phytoremediation of Cadmium using Pteris sp,Sudha Sajeev, Ramya P.V, Sunitha B.C, Melo J.S, Smitha Hegde.-17.Seasonal variation of spore density and root colonisation of Arbuscular mycorrhizas in crop plants in relation to soil edaphic factors,Deepake Ujwala S and G. Gyananath.-18.Computational studies on structural basis of isoniazid resistance in tuberculosis,Vidyasree Rajan, Abhithaj J, Renganayaki G, Vipin Thomas.-19.Phylogenetic analysis of few Actinobacteria with potential antimicrobial properties, isolated from the forest soils of Western Ghats of Kerala,Sugathan Shiburaj and Sreenivasan Preethi.-20.Apolipoprotein a-1 binds to jacalin-sepharose in a sugar-dependent manner,Priya P and Kannan V M.-21.Morphological basis for identification of cup quality characteristics in F1 hybrids derived from Coffea arabica l. crosses.-Anil Kumar, Ganesh S, Basavraj K, Mishra MK, Jayarama.- 22.Microbial transformation of rifamycin by a bacterial strain Chryseobacterium species,AH. Jobanputra and B. A. Karode .-23 .Isolation, molecular characterization and expression of a new cry3a genes from native isolates of bacillus thuringiensis and its toxicity against Asian gray weevil Myllocerus undecimpustulatus undatus marshall (coleoptera: curculionidae),H.M.Mahadeva Swamy, R.Asokan, Geetha G. Thimmegowda, Riaz Mahmood, Dilip K. Arora.-24.Characteristics of a newly isolated bacterium for decolourization of textile dyes,Joshni. T, Chacko, Kalidass S, Lubna Lukman.-25.Analysis of the pathway of phenol biodegradation by Alcaligenes sp.d2,Merlin Antony, Indu. C Nair, Jayachandran. K.- 26 Improvement of vermicompost: Influence of feeding materials and inoculation of nitrogen fixing and phosphate solubilising bacteria,Md. Nasim Ali, S. Chakraborty, Prosanta Saha, Niladri Lodh.- 27
Development of SSR markers and genetic variability in physiological traits in bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea L. verdc),Beena, R, Sheshshayee MS, Madhura JN, Prasad TG, Udayakumar1.-28 .Biochemical characterization of oxidative burst during interaction between sesame (Sesamum indicum l.) in response to Alternaria sesame,A.S.Lubaina and K.Murugan.-29.Mass spectrometric characterization of a novel antimicrobial peptide isolated from Clitoria ternatea,Neethu Ajayakumar, Walter Schrenk, Bipin G. Nair, Sudarslal. S.- 30.A novel plate assay system for screening of antimicrobial agents and β-lactamase inhibitors from natural sources,Prasanth S, Shahana Valsan, Ambika Devi, Preethidan D S, Haridas. M, Sabu. A.-31.Diurnal phototaxic migration of phytoplankton in Kochi waters and its correlation with limiting nutrient flux,Ratheesh Kumar M, Sudhanandh V.S, Faisal A.K, Vishnu S Raj, Shibu R, Sreejith MI, Anoop Krishnan. K.-32.Cryo- Preservation of Pollen for hybrid seed production in hot pepper,Rakesh C Mathad, S N Vasudevan, S B Patil .-33.Evaluation of Pseudomonas sp. VSMKU - 4046 for suppression of sheath blight (ShB) of rice in detached leaf assay,Sathish Kumar. C, Harikrishnan. H, Charulatha.R, Shanmugaiah.V.- 34.Antimicrobial and immunomodulatory activities of jelly fish venom Chrysaora quinquecirrha,K Suganthi, S. Bragadeeswaran.-35.Diplazium esculentum- a wild nutrient rich leafy vegetable from Western Ghats,Archana G Nair, Pradeesh S, Devi Chinmayee M, Mini I, Swapna T S.-36.Agrobacterium mediated genetic transformation and somatic embryogenesis from leaf callus of Hevea brasiliensis – Effect of silver nitrate,Kala R G, Abraham V, Sobha S, Jayasree P K, Suni A M, Thulaseedharan A.-37.Immunoinformatics prediction and structure based modeling of HLA –II binding epitopes of Iron Surface determinant B (IsdB) protein of Staphylococcus aureus,Francis Dileep and Surekha Kuyyalil.-38.Damage assessment of the gall mite, Aceria pongamiae keifer 1966 (Acari: Eriophidae) on Pongamia pinnata (l.) Pierre,Nasareen PNM, Shibu Vardhanan Y, Ramani, N.-39.Streptomyces sp.VSMGT1014 mediated antifungal activity against fungal plant pathogens,Harikrishnan. H and Shanmugaiah.V.-40.Taxonomic significance of foliar micromorphology and their systematic relevance in the genus Solanum (Solanaceae),V. S. Anil Kumar and K. Murugan*.- 41.Investigation of functional microbial diversity and related abiotic factors in coastal and desert ecosystem of Gujarat,D Biswas, A. Mandal, H Akbari, N Munshi.-42.Experimental and theoretical investigations on the anti-oomycetous activity of paromomycin targeted against Pythium tubulin,Resna A.K, Geethu C, Sumna S, Jaleel U.C, Aswati Nair R.- 43.Prenatal genetic studies on intra uterine growth retardation,Jisha P, Manikkumar R, Dinesh Roy D, Alex K Ittyavirah.-44.Performance of West African dwarf sheep fed with selected tropical roughage sources: Rumen microbial analysis and nutrient utilization,O. A. Isah and R. M. Akinbode.-45.Reproductive toxicity of Anamirta cocculus (L.) Wight & Arn and Sphagneticola trilobata (L.) Pruski extracts on Culex pipiens Linn. (Diptera: Culicidae),Pushpalatha E, Aiswarya D, Sharihan EK, Priya BKP.-46.Epidemiological typing of Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolated from Kerala using phage typing,Jeshina J and Surekha K.-47.Hypolipidemic effect of methanol fraction of Acorus calamus Linn. in diet induced obese rats,Arun. K. S and Anu Augustine.- 48.Biotyping and Phage typing of Salmonella enterica serotype Typhi isolates from Kerala, South India,N Ayana and K. Surekha.- 49.Lymphocyte Teamwork in Tumor Rejection,Anil Shanker.-50.Biosorption of Nickel (II) from Aqueous Solution Using Bacillus laterosporus,Rajeswari M.Kulkarni, Srinikethan G, Vidya Shetty K.-Subject Index.