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New & Forthcoming Titles | Math into LaTeX

Math into LaTeX

Grätzer, George

3rd ed. 2000

A product of Birkhäuser Basel
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AMS packages that replaced AMS-Ib-TEX, version 1.1, but the book still had an AMS-Ib-TEX-centric view. This third edition is about Ib-TEX. Where necessary, I recommend that you use packages to extend Ib-TEX's capabilities. For typesetting mathematics, I strongly recommend that you use the AMS packages. AMS packages, version 2.0 The American Mathematical Society released version 2.0 ofthe AMS packages in 1999. This third edition covers the changes made in this release. Books The first and second editions of this book dealt primarily with the tasks involved in writing artides. In Part V, the third edition addresses the issues that arise when creating longer documents. In addition to chapters on BIBTEX and Makelndex, I have added a new chapter on writing books. Appendix F illustrates the impor­ tance of choosing a well-designed book document dass. Other changes B\1EX Ib-TEX2 has been remarkably stable since its release in 1996, becorning c the standard Ib-TEX (see Section C.1.2). Changes have been rninor except for ad­ vances in using Ib-TEX with non-English languages (see the new Appendix E) and the widespread use of the PostScript CM and AMS fonts (see the new Section D.l). Reorganization and additions Due to the new emphasis on writing books, a number of sections and subsections have moved from Chapter 2 and Chapters 6-8 to the new Chapter 12.

Content Level » Research

Keywords » Economics - Mathematics/Computer Science - Physics/Engineering - ksa

Related subjects » Birkhäuser Computer Science

Table of contents 

I A short course.- 1 Typing your first article.- 1.1 Typing text.- 1.1.1 The keyboard.- 1.1.2 Your first note.- 1.1.3 Lines too wide.- 1.1.4 More text features.- 1.2 Typing math.- 1.2.1 A note with math.- 1.2.2 Errors in math.- 1.3 Building blocks of a formula.- 1.4 Building a formula step-by-step.- 1.5 Formula gallery.- 1.6 Displayed formulas.- 1.6.1 Equations.- 1.6.2 Aligned formulas.- 1.6.3 Cases.- 1.7 The anatomy of an article.- 1.7.1 The typeset sample article.- 1.8 LATEX article templates.- 1.9 Your first article.- 1.9.1 Editing the top matter.- 1.9.2 Sectioning.- 1.9.3 Invoking proclamations.- 1.9.4 Inserting references.- 1.10 LATEX error messages.- 1.11 Logical and visual design.- 1.12 A brief overview.- 1.13Using LATEX.- 1.13.1 AMS packages revisited.- 1.13.2 Interactive LATEX.- 1.13.3 Versions.- 1.13.4 Spelling checkers and text editors.- II Text and math.- 2 Typing text.- 2.1 The keyboard.- 2.1.1 Basic keys.- 2.1.2 Special keys.- 2.1.3 Prohibited keys.- 2.2 Words, sentences, and paragraphs.- 2.2.1 Spacing rules.- 2.2.2 Periods.- 2.3 Commanding LATEX.- 2.3.1 Commands and environments.- 2.3.2 Scope.- 2.3.3 Types of commands.- 2.4 Symbols not on the keyboard.- 2.4.1 Quotation marks.- 2.4.2 Dashes.- 2.4.3 Ties or nonbreakable spaces.- 2.4.4 Special characters.- 2.4.5 Ellipses.- 2.4.6 Ligatures.- 2.4.7 Accents and symbols in text.- 2.4.8 Logos and numbers.- 2.4.9 Hyphenation.- 2.5 Comments and footnotes.- 2.5.1 Comments.- 2.5.2 Footnotes.- 2.6 Changing font characteristics.- 2.6.1 Basic font characteristics.- 2.6.2 Document font families.- 2.6.3 Command pairs.- 2.6.4 Shape commands.- 2.6.5 Italic corrections.- 2.6.6 Series.- 2.6.7 Size changes.- 2.6.8 Orthogonality.- 2.6.9 Two-letter commands.- 2.6.10 Low-level commands.- 2.6.11 Boxed text.- 2.7 Lines, paragraphs, and pages.- 2.7.1Lines.- 2.7.2 Paragraphs.- 2.7.3 Pages.- 2.7.4 Multicolumn printing.- 2.8 Spaces.- 2.8.1 Horizontal spaces.- 2.8.2 Vertical spaces..- 2.8.3 Relative spaces.- 2.8.4 Expanding spaces.- 2.9 Boxes.- 2.9.1 Line boxes.- 2.9.2 Paragraph boxes.- 2.9.3 Marginal comments.- 2.9.4 Solid boxes.- 2.9.5 Fine-tuning boxes.- 3 Text environments.- 3.1 List environments.- 3.1.1 Numbered lists.- 3.1.2 Bulleted lists.- 3.1.3 Captioned lists.- 3.1.4 Rule and combinations.- 3.2 Tabbing environments.- 3.3 Miscellaneous displayed text environments.- 3.4 Proclamations.- 3.4.1 The full syntax.- 3.4.2 Proclamations with style.- 3.5 Proof environments.- 3.6 Some general rules for displayed text environments.- 3.7 Tabular environments.- 3.7.1 Table styles.- 3.8 Style and size environments.- 4 Typing math.- 4.1 Math environments.- 4.2 Spacing rules.- 4.3 Equations.- 4.4 Basic constructs.- 4.4.1 Arithmetic operations.- 4.4.2 Binomial coefficients.- 4.4.3 Ellipses.- 4.4.4 Integrals.- 4.4.5 Roots.- 4.5 Text in math.- 4.6 Delimiters.- 4.6.1 Delimiter tables.- 4.6.2 Delimiters of fixed size.- 4.6.3 Delimiters of variable size.- 4.6.4 Delimiters as binary relations.- 4.7 Operators.- 4.7.1 Operator tables.- 4.7.2 Declaring operators.- 4.7.3 Congruences.- 4.8 Large operators.- 4.8.1 Multiline subscripts and superscripts.- 4.9 Math accents.- 4.10 Stretchable horizontal lines.- 4.10.1 Horizontal braces.- 4.10.2 Overlines and underlines.- 4.10.3 Stretchable arrow math symbols.- 4.11 Spacing of symbols.- 4.11.1 Classification.- 4.11.2 Three exceptions.- 4.11.3 Spacing commands.- 4.11.4 Examples.- 4.11.5 The \phantom command.- 4.12 Building new symbols.- 4.12.1 Stacking symbols.- 4.12.2 Negating and side-setting symbols.- 4.12.3 Changing a symbol’s type.- 4.13 Math alphabets and symbols.- 4.13.1 Math alphabets.- 4.13.2 Math symbol alphabets.- 4.13.3 Bold math symbols.- 4.13.4 Size changes.- 4.13.5 Continued fractions.- 4.14 Vertical spacing.- 4.15 Tagging and grouping.- 4.16 Generalized fractions.- 4.16.1 Examples.- 4.17 Boxed formulas.- 5 Multiline math displays.- 5.1 A visual guide.- 5.2 Gathering formulas.- 5.3 Splitting long formulas.- 5.4 Some general rules.- 5.4.1 Subformula rules.- 5.4.2 Breaking and aligning formulas.- 5.4.3 Numbering groups of formulas.- 5.5 Aligned columns.- 5.5.1 An align variant.- 5.5.2 eqnarray, the ancestor of align.- 5.5.3 The subformula rule revisited.- 5.5.4 The alignat environment.- 5.5.5 Inserting text.- 5.6 Aligned subsidiary math environments.- 5.6.1 Subsidiary variants.- 5.6.2 Split.- 5.7 Adjusted columns.- 5.7.1 Matrices.- 5.7.2 Arrays.- 5.7.3 Cases.- 5.8 Commutative diagrams.- 5.9 Page breaks.- III Document structure.- 6 LATEX documents.- 6.1 The structure of a document.- 6.2 The preamble.- 6.3 Front matter.- 6.3.1 Abstract.- 6.4 Main matter.- 6.4.1 Sectioning.- 6.4.2 Cross-referencing.- 6.4.3 Tables and figures.- 6.5 Back matter.- 6.5.1 Bibliographies in articles.- 6.5.2 Simple indexes.- 6.6 Visual design.- 7 Standard LATEX document classes.- 7.1 Articles and reports.- 7.1.1 Options.- 7.2 Letters.- 7.3 The LATEX distribution.- 7.3.1 Tools.- 8 AMS documents.- 8.1 Two AMS document classes for articles.- 8.1.1 Font-size commands.- 8.2 The top matter.- 8.2.1 Article information.- 8.2.2 Author information.- 8.2.3 AMS information.- 8.2.4 Multiple authors.- 8.2.5 Examples.- 8.2.6 Abstract.- 8.3 The AMS sample article.- 8.4 AMS article templates.- 8.5 Options.- 8.5.1 Math options.- 8.6 The AMS packages.- IV Customization.- 9 Customizing LATEX.- 9.1 User-defined commands.- 9.1.1 Examples and rules.- 9.1.2 Arguments.- 9.1.3 Short arguments.- 9.1.4 Optional arguments.- 9.1.5 Redefining commands.- 9.1.6 Redefining names.- 9.1.7 Showing the definitions of commands.- 9.1.8 Delimited commands.- 9.2 User-defined environments.- 9.2.1 Modifying existing environments.- 9.2.2 Arguments.- 9.2.3 Optional arguments with default values.- 9.2.4 Short arguments.- 9.2.5 Brand-new environments ….- 9.3 A custom command file.- 9.4 The sample article with user-defined commands.- 9.5 Numbering and measuring.- 9.5.1 Counters.- 9.5.2 Length commands.- 9.6 Custom lists.- 9.6.1 Length commands for the list environment.- 9.6.2 The list environment.- 9.6.3 Two complete examples.- 9.6.4 The trivlist environment.- 9.7 Custom formats.- V Long documents.- 10 BIBTEX.- 10.1 The database.- 10.1.1 Entry types.- 10.1.2 Typing fields.- 10.1.3 Articles.- 10.1.4 Books.- 10.1.5 Conference proceedings and collections.- 10.1.6 Theses.- 10.1.7 Technical reports.- 10.1.8 Manuscripts and other entry types.- 10.1.9 Abbreviations.- 10.2 Using BIBTEX.- 10.2.1 Sample files.- 10.2.2 Setup.- 10.2.3 Four steps of BIBTEXing.- 10.2.4 BIBTEX files.- 10.2.5 BIBTEX rules and messages.- 10.2.6 Concluding comments.- 11 Makelndex.- 11.1 Preparing the document.- 11.2 Index commands.- 11.3 Processing the index entries.- 11.4 Rules.- 11.5 Glossary.- 12 Books in LATEX.- 12.1 Book document classes.- 12.1.1 Sectioning.- 12.1.2 Division of the body.- 12.1.3 Document class options.- 12.1.4 Title pages.- 12.2 Tables of contents, lists of tables and figures.- 12.2.1 Tables of contents.- 12.2.2 Lists of tables and figures.- 12.3 Splitting and combining files.- 12.3.1 \input and \include.- 12.3.2 Organizing your files.- 12.3.3 Combining files.- 12.4 Logical design.- 12.5 Final preparations for the publisher.- 12.6 Final preparations for printing.- VI Math and the Web.- 13 TEX, LATEX, and the Internet.- 13.1 Obtaining files from the Internet.- 13.2 Commercial TEX implementations.- 13.3 Free and shareware implementations.- 13.4 TEX user groups and the AMS.- 13.5 Some useful sources of LATEX information.- 14 Putting LATEX on the Web.- 14.1 File formats.- 14.1.1 HTML.- 14.1.2 PostScript.- 14.1.3 PDF.- 14.1.4 Graphics file formats.- 14.2 Choosing a file format.- 14.2.1 Downloading only.- 14.2.2 Viewing only.- 14.2.3 Viewing and downloading.- 14.3 Hyperlinks and PDF files.- 14.3.1 Using hyperref.- 14.3.2 backref and colorlinks.- 14.3.3 Bookmarks.- 14.3.4 Additional commands.- A Math symbol tables.- A.1 Hebrew and Greek letters.- A.1.1 Hebrew letters.- A.1.2 Greek letters.- A.2 Binary relations.- A.2.3 Negated binary relations.- A.3 Binary operations.- A.4 Arrows.- A.5 Miscellaneous symbols.- A.6 Delimiters.- A.7 Operators.- A.7.1 “Pure” operators, with no limits.- A.7.2 Operators with limits.- A.7.3 Large operators.- A.8 Math accents and fonts.- A.8.1 Math accents.- A.8.2 Math fonts.- A.9 Math spacing commands.- B Text symbol tables.- B.1 Some European characters.- B.2 Text accents.- B.3 Text font commands.- B.3.1 Text font family commands.- B.4 Additional text symbols.- B.5 Additional text symbols with T1 encoding.- B.5.1 Accents.- B.5.2 European characters.- B.5.3 Quotation marks.- B.6 Text spacing commands.- C Background.- C.1 A short history.- C.1.2 Recent developments.- C.2.1 The layers.- C.2.2 Typesetting.- C.2.3 Viewing and printing.- D PostScript fonts.- D.2 The Times font and MathTime.- D.3 Lucida Bright fonts.- D.4 More PostScript fonts.- F A book document class.- G Conversions.- H Final word.- H. 1 What was left out?.- H.2 Further reading.

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