Logo - springer
Slogan - springer

New & Forthcoming Titles | Introduction to Game Theory

Introduction to Game Theory

Series: Universitext

Morris, Peter

1994, XXVI, 225 p. 44 illus.

Available Formats:

Springer eBooks may be purchased by end-customers only and are sold without copy protection (DRM free). Instead, all eBooks include personalized watermarks. This means you can read the Springer eBooks across numerous devices such as Laptops, eReaders, and tablets.

You can pay for Springer eBooks with Visa, Mastercard, American Express or Paypal.

After the purchase you can directly download the eBook file or read it online in our Springer eBook Reader. Furthermore your eBook will be stored in your MySpringer account. So you can always re-download your eBooks.


(net) price for USA

ISBN 978-1-4612-4316-8

digitally watermarked, no DRM

Included Format: PDF

download immediately after purchase

learn more about Springer eBooks

add to marked items


Softcover (also known as softback) version.

You can pay for Springer Books with Visa, Mastercard, American Express or Paypal.

Standard shipping is free of charge for individual customers.


(net) price for USA

ISBN 978-0-387-94284-1

free shipping for individuals worldwide

usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days

add to marked items

The mathematical theory of games has as its purpose the analysis of a wide range of competitive situations. These include most of the recreations which people usually call "games" such as chess, poker, bridge, backgam­ mon, baseball, and so forth, but also contests between companies, military forces, and nations. For the purposes of developing the theory, all these competitive situations are called games. The analysis of games has two goals. First, there is the descriptive goal of understanding why the parties ("players") in competitive situations behave as they do. The second is the more practical goal of being able to advise the players of the game as to the best way to play. The first goal is especially relevant when the game is on a large scale, has many players, and has complicated rules. The economy and international politics are good examples. In the ideal, the pursuit of the second goal would allow us to describe to each player a strategy which guarantees that he or she does as well as possible. As we shall see, this goal is too ambitious. In many games, the phrase "as well as possible" is hard to define. In other games, it can be defined and there is a clear-cut "solution" (that is, best way of playing).

Content Level » Lower undergraduate

Keywords » Prisoner's dilemma - calculus - game theory

Table of contents 

1. Games in Extensive Form.- 1.1. Trees.- 1.2. Game Trees.- 1.2.1. Information Sets.- 1.3. Choice Functions and Strategies.- 1.3.1. Choice Subtrees.- 1.4. Games with Chance Moves.- 1.4.1. A Theorem on Payoffs.- 1.5. Equilibrium N-tuples of Strategies.- 1.6. Normal Forms.- 2. Two-Person Zero-Sum Games.- 2.1. Saddle Points.- 2.2. Mixed Strategies.- 2.2.1. Row Values and Column Values.- 2.2.2. Dominated Rows and Columns.- 2.3. Small Games.- 2.3.1. 2 × n and m × 2 Games.- 2.4. Symmetric Games.- 2.4.1. Solving Symmetric Games.- 3. Linear Programming.- 3.1. Primal and Dual Problems.- 3.1.1. Primal Problems and Their Duals.- 3.2. Basic Forms and Pivots.- 3.2.1. Pivots.- 3.2.2. Dual Basic Forms.- 3.3. The Simplex Algorithm.- 3.3.1. Tableaus.- 3.3.2. The Simplex Algorithm.- 3.4. Avoiding Cycles and Achieving Feasibility.- 3.4.1. Degeneracy and Cycles.- 3.4.2. The Initial Feasible Tableau.- 3.5. Duality.- 3.5.1. The Dual Simplex Algorithm.- 3.5.2. The Duality Theorem.- 4. Solving Matrix Games.- 4.1. The Minimax Theorem.- 4.2. Some Examples.- 4.2.1. Scissors-Paper-Stone.- 4.2.2. Three-Finger Morra.- 4.2.3. Colonel Blotto’s Game.- 4.2.4. Simple Poker.- 5. Non-Zero-Sum Games.- 5.1. Noncooperative Games.- 5.1.1. Mixed Strategies.- 5.1.2. Maximin Values.- 5.1.3. Equilibrium N-tuples of Mixed Strategies.- 5.1.4. A Graphical Method for Computing Equilibrium Pairs.- 5.2. Solution Concepts for Noncooperative Games.- 5.2.1. Battle of the Buddies.- 5.2.2. Prisoner’s Dilemma.- 5.2.3. Another Game.- 5.2.4. Supergames.- 5.3. Cooperative Games.- 5.3.1. Nash Bargaining Axioms.- 5.3.2. Convex Sets.- 5.3.3. Nash’s Theorem.- 5.3.4. Computing Arbitration Pairs.- 5.3.5. Remarks.- 6. N-Person Cooperative Games.- 6.1. Coalitions.- 6.1.1. The Characteristic Function.- 6.1.2. Essential and Inessential Games.- 6.2. Imputations.- 6.2.1. Dominance of Imputations.- 6.2.2. The Core.- 6.2.3. Constant-Sum Games.- 6.2.4. A Voting Game.- 6.3. Strategic Equivalence.- 6.3.1. Equivalence and Imputations.- 6.3.2. (0,1)-Reduced Form.- 6.3.3. Classification of Small Games.- 6.4. Two Solution Concepts.- 6.4.1. Stable Sets of Imputations.- 6.4.2. Shapley Values.- 7. Game-Playing Programs.- 7.1. Three Algorithms.- 7.1.1. The Naive Algorithm.- 7.1.2. The Branch and Bound Algorithm.- 7.1.3. The Alpha-Beta Pruning Algorithm.- 7.2. Evaluation Functions.- 7.2.1. Depth-Limited Subgames.- 7.2.2. Mancala.- 7.2.3. Nine-Men’s Morris.- Appendix. Solutions.

Popular Content within this publication 



Read this Book on Springerlink

Services for this book

New Book Alert

Get alerted on new Springer publications in the subject area of Combinatorics.