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New & Forthcoming Titles | Looking at Numbers

Looking at Numbers

Johnson, Tom, Jedrzejewski, Franck

2014, XVII, 120 p. 139 illus., 1 illus. in color.

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  • Mathematics and music from a platonic point of view     
  • Numbers as Pythagoras might have seen them       
  • Numbers producing images  and music too    ​

Galileo Galilei said he was “reading the book of nature” as he observed pendulums swinging, but he might also simply have tried to draw the numbers themselves as they fall into networks of permutations or form loops that synchronize at different speeds, or attach themselves to balls passing in and out of the hands of good jugglers. Numbers are, after all, a part of nature. As such, looking at and thinking about them is a way of understanding our relationship to nature. But when we do so in a technical, professional way, we tend to overlook their basic attributes, the things we can understand by simply “looking at numbers.”

Tom Johnson is a composer who uses logic and mathematical models, such as combinatorics of numbers, in his music. The patterns he finds while “looking at numbers” can also be explored in drawings. This book focuses on such drawings, their beauty and their mathematical meaning. The accompanying comments were written in collaboration with the mathematician Franck Jedrzejewski.

Content Level » Research

Keywords » nature - platonic - symmetry

Related subjects » Birkhäuser Mathematics

Table of contents 

Introduction.- 1. Permutations.- 1.1 Symmetric Group.- 1.2 Bruhat Order.- 1.3 Euler Characteristic.- 1.4 Group Action.- 1.5 Permutohedra and Cayley Graphs.- 1.6 Coxeter Groups.- 1.7 Homometric Sets.- 2. Sums.- 2.1 Integer Partitions.- References.- 3. Subsets.- 3.1 Combinatorial Designs.- 4 Kirkman’s Ladies, a Combinatorial Design.- 4.1 Steiner and Kirkman Systems.- 5. Twelve.- 5.1 (12,4,3).- 6. (9,4,3).- 6.1 Decomposition of Block Designs.- 7. 55 Chords.- 7.1 Chords and Designs.-8. Clarinet Trio.- 8.1 Strange Fractal Sequences.- 9. Loops.- 9.1 Self-Replicating Melodies.- 9.2 Rhythmic Canons.-10. Juggling.- 10.1 Juggling, Groups, and Braids.- 11. Unclassified.- 11.1 Some Other Designs.- A Figures.- References.

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