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Systematic approach to the analysis of national systems of ex post research evaluation
Comparative country studies
Foci on both institutionalisation processes and impacts on knowledge production
The establishment of national systems of retrospective research evaluations is one of the most significant of recent changes in the governance of science. In many countries, state attempts to manage public science systems and improve their quality have triggered the institutionalisation of such systems, which vary greatly in their methods of assessing research performance, and consequences for universities. The contributions to this volume discuss, inter alia, the birth and development of research evaluation systems as well as the reasons for their absence in the United States, the responses by universities and academics to these new governance regimes, and their consequences for the production of scientific knowledge. By integrating new theoretical approaches with country studies and studies of general phenomena such as university rankings and bibliometric evaluations, the book shows how these novel state steering mechanisms are changing the organisation of scientific knowledge production and universities in different countries.
In combining latest research and an overview of trends in the changing governance of research, the book is essential not only for scholars engaged in higher education research, science policy studies, and the sociology of science but also for policy makers and analysts from science policy and higher education policy as well as university managers and senior scientists.
Preface Introduction Changing Governance of the Public Sciences: The consequences of establishing diverse research evaluation systems - Richard Whitley Universities as Strategic Actors: State delegation and changing patterns of evaluation The Visible Hand versus the Invisible Hand: The Allocation of Research Resources in Swedish Universities - Lars Engwall and Thorsten Nybom Prospective and Retrospective Evaluation Systems in Context: Insights from Japan - Robert Kneller Elite through Rankings – The Emergence of the Enterprising University - Peter Weingart and Sabine Maasen The Social Construction of Bibliometric Evaluations - Jochen Gläser and Grit Laudel Weak and Strong Research Evaluation Systems Evaluation without evaluators: The impact of funding formulae on Australian university research - Jochen Gläser and Grit Laudel The Basic State of Research in Germany: Conditions of Knowledge Production Pre-Evaluation - Stefan Lange Research Evaluation as Organisational Development – the Work of the Academic Advisory Council in Lower Saxony- Christof Schiene and Uwe Schimank Interfering Governance and Emerging Centres of Control: University research evaluation in the Netherlands - Barend van der Meulen Research Evaluation in Transition: Individual versus organisational assessment in Spain - Laura Cruz-Castro and Luis Sanz-Menendez Death by Peer Review? The impact of results-oriented management in U.S. research - Susan Cozzens Concluding Reflections The Social Orders of Research Evaluation Systems - Jochen Gläser Author Index List of Authors & Affiliations