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Medicine - Radiology | Journal of Digital Imaging – incl. option to publish open access

Journal of Digital Imaging

Journal of Digital Imaging

Editor-in-Chief: Janice C. Honeyman-Buck

ISSN: 0897-1889 (print version)
ISSN: 1618-727X (electronic version)

Journal no. 10278

INSTRUCTIONS FOR AUTHORS

GENERAL INFORMATION 

The Journal of Digital Imaging (JDI) is the official peer-reviewed journal of the Society for Imaging Informatics in Medicine (SIIM). JDI's goal is to enhance the exchange of knowledge encompassed by the general topic of Imaging Informatics in Medicine including, but not limited to, research and practice in clinical, engineering, information technologies and techniques in all medical imaging environments.
Topics of interest to the readers of JDI include the following as they pertain to the acquisition, storage, retrieval and use of imaging information in healthcare to efficiently and effectively improve access and quality:
• PACS and component systems
• Imaging informatics for the enterprise
• Image-enabled electronic medical records
• Integrating mobile technologies
• RIS, HIS and other clinical information systems
• Digital image acquisition, transmission, storage, display and interpretation
• 3D (e.g. printing, modeling, display)
• SIIM Workflow Initiative in Medicine (SWIM)
• DICOM and other standards
• IHE
• Imaging vocabularies and ontologies
• Analytics
• Workflow and process modeling and simulation
• Protocolling and appropriateness
• Structured reporting
• Speech recognition
• Content-based image retrieval
• Meaningful use and legislative issues
• Decision support
• Radiation dose management
• Teleradiology
• Archiving and information lifecycle management
• Network integrity and data security
• Multimedia
• Facilities design
• Project management
• Quality assurance
• Online learning
• Imaging informatics education
Papers that report on validation and implementation of informatics technologies and tools will be given precedence over papers that simply describe image processing algorithms, stand-alone evaluation of image analysis tools, and/or technology descriptions without validation or implementation.

TYPES OF MANUSCRIPT SUBMISSIONS 

• Hypothesis-driven research and results containing important information relevant to the aims and scope of the Journal. The text should be arranged in the order: Abstract, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusions, Acknowledgements.
• Experience reports designed to provide a vehicle for a group to describe their experience with a new technology or method or a novel approach to using an existing technology. The text should be arranged in the order: Abstract, Background, Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusion, and Acknowledgements.
• Technical notes or technical tutorials with descriptions of how authors accomplished a particular task in a novel way. The text should be arranged in the order: Abstract, Background, Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusion, and Acknowledgements.
• Reviews or tutorial based on extensive review of the literature. The text should be arranged in the order: Abstract, Background or Introduction, Review, Discussion, Summary, Acknowledgements.
All four types of manuscripts will undergo the same rigorous review process. Experience reports and Technical notes should contain an abstract, a description of the background of the project, detailed methods and results, and a discussion of the ways their methods are superior to previous methods. If software is to be included to be provided for reader’s use, this software must be included in the submission along with a user’s manual for installation and use. Reviews should include an introduction, a detailed review of the literature, a discussion and summary.
If you use the Cancer Imaging Archive (TCIA) for your research, JDI requires that you include a link in your publication to the imaging data used in your analysis. TCIA, a National Cancer Institute-funded online archive can provide a digital object identifier (DOI) that will link directly to publicly-accessible cancer imaging data that is downloadable from its website.
Citing the specific data used in your manuscript will help address growing concerns among the community relating to the transparency and reproducibility of biomedical research. TCIA’s DOI system makes citing data easy to do and provides a special web page for your DOI where researchers can directly download all of the data referenced in your publication.
The Cancer Imaging Archive is operated by Washington University School of Medicine to facilitate data sharing by hosting cancer image collections, related analysis results and clinical information. TCIA staff assures all data is fully HIPAA compliant and well curated. As a service to the research community, TCIA has the ability to create persistent identifiers linked to subsets of data held within TCIA that authors may use as data citations in their publications. Researchers can publish collections using a digital object identifier (DOI) that TCIA links both to an identifying web page and an access method that delivers the data.
• TCIA DOIs are references to data within the TCIA repository, and are not references to specific publications.
• A DOI request related to data that is not managed by TCIA will not be granted.
• All information related to a TCIA DOI must be persistently managed by TCIA.
• Only publicly available data may be referenced by a DOI.
• Proposals for hosting datasets on TCIA will be reviewed by NCI for appropriateness and level of significance to cancer research.
For questions or help with creating a DOI for your next manuscript please see: https://wiki.cancerimagingarchive.net/display/DOI/TCIA+Analysis+Results

MANUSCRIPT SUBMISSION 

Manuscripts are submitted online to Journal of Digital Imaging via Editorial Manager at https://www.editorialmanager.com/jdim/default.aspx or please follow the hyperlink "Submit Online" on the right and upload all of your manuscript files following the instructions given on the screen.
IF YOU ARE UNABLE TO SUBMIT YOUR MANUSCRIPT VIA EDITORIAL MANAGER OR HAVE ANY QUESTIONS CONCERNING THE SUBMISSION PROCESS, PLEASE CONTACT THE EDITORIAL OFFICE:
The Society for Imaging Informatics in Medicine
19440 Golf Vista Plaza, Suite 330
Leesburg, Virginia 20176
Telephone: (703) 723-0432
Fax: (703) 723-0415
E-mail: JDI@siim.org
Submission of a manuscript implies: that the work described has not been published before; that it is not under consideration for publication anywhere else; that its publication has been approved by all co-authors, if any, as well as by the responsible authorities – tacitly or explicitly – at the institute where the work has been carried out. The publisher will not be held legally responsible should there be any claims for compensation. Permissions Authors wishing to include figures, tables, or text passages that have already been published elsewhere are required to obtain permission from the copyright owner(s) for both the print and online format and to include evidence that such permission has been granted when submitting their papers. Any material received without such evidence will be assumed to originate from the authors.
Manuscripts must be in English, and authors are urged to aim for clarity, brevity, and accuracy of information and language. Authors whose native language is not English should have their manuscripts checked for linguistic accuracy by a native English speaker.

TITLE PAGE 

The title page should include:
- The name(s) of the author(s)
- A concise and informative title
- The affiliation(s) and address(es) of the author(s)
- The e-mail address, telephone and fax numbers of the corresponding author

MANUSCRIPT PREPARATION 

DOUBLE BLIND PEER REVIEW
This journal follows a double-blind reviewing procedure. Authors are therefore requested to submit two version of their manuscript:
• The full version including all author names and affiliations.
• A blinded manuscript without any author names and affiliations in the text or on the title page. Self-identifying citations and references in the article text should either be avoided or left blank.
TEXT FORMATTING
Manuscripts should be submitted in Word.
• Use a normal, plain font (e.g., 10-point Times Roman) for text.
• Use italics for emphasis.
• Use the automatic page numbering function to number the pages.
• Do not use field functions.
• Use tab stops or other commands for indents, not the space bar.
• Use the table function, not spreadsheets, to make tables.
• Use the equation editor or MathType for equations.
• Save your file in docx format (Word 2007 or higher) or doc format (older Word versions). [Please note: the Word-Template has been deleted]
LaTeX AND ONLINE SUBMISSION
Manuscripts with mathematical content can also be submitted in LaTeX.
All source files you upload in the online submission system will be automatically compiled into a single PDF file to be approved by you at the end of the submission process. While the compiled PDF will be used for peer review purposes, your uploaded source files will be transferred to the publisher for publication upon acceptance. Please do not use subfolders for your LaTeX submission, e.g. for figures or bibliographic files. Further technical information on uploading and compiling your LaTeX submission can be found under http://www.editorialmanager.de/pdf/latex/
ABSTRACT
Please provide an abstract of 150 to 250 words. The abstract should not contain any undefined abbreviations or unspecified references.
KEYWORDS
Please provide 4 to 6 keywords which can be used for indexing purposes.
HEADINGS
Please use no more than three levels of displayed headings.
ABBREVIATIONS
Abbreviations should be defined at first mention and used consistently thereafter.
FOOTNOTES
Footnotes can be used to give additional information, which may include the citation of a reference included in the reference list. They should not consist solely of a reference citation, and they should never include the bibliographic details of a reference. They should also not contain any figures or tables. Footnotes to the text are numbered consecutively; those to tables should be indicated by superscript lower-case letters (or asterisks for significance values and other statistical data). Footnotes to the title or the authors of the article are not given reference symbols. Always use footnotes instead of endnotes.
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
Acknowledgments of people, grants, funds, etc. should be placed in a separate section on the title page. The names of funding organizations should be written in full.
REFERENCES
The author is responsible for the accuracy of the references. References should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they are first cited. References given in tables or figure legends must be numbered in sequence with those in the text. References should be listed in numerical order in the reference section of the manuscript. Only works referred to in the text and already accepted for publication can be included:
• Articles from journals: Names(s) and initials of all author(s): full article title. Journal name as abbreviated in Index Medicus, Volume number: first and last page numbers, year of publication.
Zaidel M, Hopper K, Iyriboz T: Interactive web-based radiology teaching file. J Digit Imaging 12:203-204, 1999
• Articles from electronic publications: Names(s) and initials of all author(s): full article title. Journal name as abbreviated in Index Medicus, DOI number, and publication date.
Lee SW, Gleason NR: Port site tumor recurrence rates in a murine model of laparoscopic splenectomy decreased with increased experience. Surg Endosc, DOI: 10.1007/s102780000231, August 9, 2000
• Books: Name(s) and initials of all author(s): full book title, edition, place of publication: publisher, year of publication
Keppel, G: Design and Analysis: A Researcher’s Handbook, Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1991
• Web-based sources: Name of Company or Website. URL or hyperlink of website. Date when the material was accessed.
Roxio Inc. Napster. Available at http://www.napster.com. Accessed 26 January 2003.

TABLES 

TABLES
All tables are to be numbered using Arabic numerals.
• Tables should always be cited in text in consecutive numerical order.
• For each table, please supply a table caption (title) explaining the components of the table.
• Identify any previously published material by giving the original source in the form of a reference at the end of the table caption.
• Footnotes to tables should be indicated by superscript lower-case letters (or asterisks for significance values and other statistical data) and included beneath the table body.

FIGURES AND ARTWORK 

ELECTRONIC FIGURE SUBMISSION
• Supply all figures electronically.
• Indicate what graphics program was used to create the artwork.
• For vector graphics, the preferred format is EPS; for halftones, please use TIFF format. MS Office files are also acceptable.
• Vector graphics containing fonts must have the fonts embedded in the files.
• Name your figure files with Fig and the figure number, e.g., Fig1.eps.
LINE ART
• Definition: Black and white graphic with no shading.
• Do not use faint lines and/or lettering and check that all lines and lettering within the figures are legible at final size.
• All lines should be at least 0.1 mm (0.3 pt) wide.
• Scanned line drawings and line drawings in bitmap format should have a minimum resolution of 1200 dpi.
• Vector graphics containing fonts must have the fonts embedded in the files.
HALFTONE ART
• Definition: Photographs, drawings, or paintings with fine shading, etc.
• If any magnification is used in the photographs, indicate this by using scale bars within the figures themselves.
• Halftones should have a minimum resolution of 300 dpi.
COMBINATION ART
• Definition: a combination of halftone and line art, e.g., halftones containing line drawing, extensive lettering, color diagrams, etc.
• Combination artwork should have a minimum resolution of 600 dpi.
COLOR ART
• Color art is free of charge for online publication.
• If black and white will be shown in the print version, make sure that the main information will still be visible. Many colors are not distinguishable from one another when converted to black and white. A simple way to check this is to make a xerographic copy to see if the necessary distinctions between the different colors are still apparent.
• If the figures will be printed in black and white, do not refer to color in the captions.
• Color illustrations should be submitted as RGB (8 bits per channel).
FIGURE LETTERING
• To add lettering, it is best to use Helvetica or Arial (sans serif fonts).
• Keep lettering consistently sized throughout your final-sized artwork, usually about 2–3 mm (8–12 pt).
• Variance of type size within an illustration should be minimal, e.g., do not 8-pt type on an axis and 20-pt type for the axis label.
• Avoid effects such as shading, outline letters, etc.
• Do not include titles or captions into your illustrations.
FIGURE NUMBERING
• All figures are to be numbered using Arabic numerals.
• Figures should always be cited in the text in consecutive numerical order.
• Figure parts should be denoted by lowercase letters (a, b, c, etc.).
• If an appendix appears in your article/chapter and it contains one or more figures, continue the consecutive numbering of the main text. Do not number the appendix figures, “A1, A2, A3, etc.” Figures in online appendices (Electronic supplementary Material) should, however, be numbered separately.
FIGURE CAPTIONS
• Each figure should have a concise caption describing accurately what the figure depicts. Include the captions in the text file of the manuscript, not in the figure file.
• Figure captions begin with the term Fig. in bold type, followed by the figure number, also in bold type.
• No punctuation is to be included after the number, nor is any punctuation to be placed at the end of the caption.
• Identify all elements found in the figure in the figure caption; and use boxes, circles, etc., as coordinate points in graphs.
• Identify previously published material by giving the original source in the form of a reference citation at the end of the figure caption.
FIGURE PLACEMENT AND SIZE
• Figures should be submitted separately from the text, if possible.
• When preparing your figures, size figures to fit in the column width.
• For most journals the figures should be 39 mm, 84 mm, 129 mm, or 174 mm wide and not higher than 234 mm.
• For books and book-sized journals, the figures should be 80 mm or 122 mm wide and not higher than 198 mm.
PERMISSIONS
If you include figures that have already been published elsewhere, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner(s) for both the print and online format. Please be aware that some publishers do not grant electronic rights for free and that Springer will not be able to refund any costs that may have occurred to receive these permissions. In such cases, material from other sources should be used.
ACCESSIBILITY
In order to give people of all abilities and disabilities access to the content of your figures, please make sure that
• All figures have descriptive captions (blind users could then use a text-tospeech software or a text-to-Braille hardware)
• Patterns are used instead or in addition to colors for conveying information (color-blind users would then be able to distinguish the visual elements)
• Any figure lettering has a contrast ratio of at least 4.5:1.

ELECTRONIC SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIAL 

Electronic supplementary material will be published in the online version only. It may consist of
• Information that cannot be printed: animations, video clips, sound recordings
• Information that is more convenient in electronic form: sequences, spectral data, etc.
• Large original data, e.g. additional tables, illustrations, etc.
Before submitting research datasets as electronic supplementary material, authors should read the journal’s research data policy. We encourage research data to be archived in data repositories wherever possible. For more information, please see the section above “Types of Manuscript Submissions.”
SUBMISSION
• Supply all supplementary material in standard file formats.
• Please include in each file the following information: article title, journal name, author names; affiliation and e-mail address of the corresponding author.
• To accommodate user downloads, please keep in mind that larger-sized files may require very long download times and that some users may experience other problems during downloading.
AUDIO, VIDEO, AND ANIMATIONS
• Aspect ratio: 16:9 or 4:3
• Maximum file size: 25 GB
• Minimum video duration: 1 sec
• Supported file formats: avi, wmv, mp4, mov, m2p, mp2, mpg, mpeg, flv, mxf, mts, m4v, 3gp
TEXT AND PRESENTATIONS
• Submit your material in PDF format; .doc or .ppt files are not suitable for long-term viability.
• A collection of figures may also be combined in a PDF file.
SPREADSHEETS
• Spreadsheets should be converted to PDF if no interaction with the data is intended.
• If the readers should be encouraged to make their own calculations, spreadsheets should be submitted as .xls files (MS Excel).
SPECIALIZED FORMATS
• Specialized formats such as .pdb (chemical), .wrl (VRML), .nb (Mathematica notebook), and .tex can also be supplied.
COLLECTING MULTIPLE FILES
• It is possible to collect multiple files in a .zip or .gz file.
NUMBERING
• If supplying any supplementary material, the text must make specific mention of the material as a citation, similar to that of figures and tables.
• Refer to the supplementary files as “Online Resource”, e.g., “... as shown in the animation (Online Resource 3)”, “... additional data are given in Online Resource 4”.
• Name the files consecutively, e.g. “ESM_3.mpg”, “ESM_4.pdf”.
CAPTIONS
• For each supplementary material, please supply a concise caption describing the content of the file.
PROCESSING OF SUPPLEMENTARY FILES
• Electronic supplementary material will be published as received from the author without any conversion, editing, or reformatting.
ACCESSIBILITY
In order to give people of all abilities and disabilities access to the content of your supplementary files, please make sure that
• The manuscript contain a descriptive caption for each supplementary material
• Video files do not contain anything that flashes more than three times per second (so that users prone to seizures caused by such effects are not put at risk)

AFTER ACCEPTANCE 

Upon acceptance of your article you will receive a link to the special Author Query Application at Springer’s web page where you can sign the Copyright Transfer Statement online and indicate whether you wish to order OpenChoice, offprints, or printing of figures in color. Once the Author Query Application has been completed, your article will be processed and you will receive the proofs.
OFFPRINTS
Offprints can be ordered by the corresponding author.
COLOR ILLUSTRATIONS
Online publication of color illustrations is free of charge. For color in the print version, authors will be expected to make a contribution towards the extra costs.
PROOF READING
The purpose of the proof is to check for typesetting or conversion errors and the completeness and accuracy of the text, tables and figures. Substantial changes in content, e.g., new results, corrected values, title and authorship, are not allowed without the approval of the Editor. After online publication, further changes can only be made in the form of an Erratum, which will be hyperlinked to the article.
ONLINE FIRST
The article will be published online after receipt of the corrected proofs. This is the official first publication citable with the DOI. After release of the printed version, the paper can also be cited by issue and page numbers.
COPYRIGHT TRANSFER
Authors will be asked to transfer copyright of the article to the Publisher (or grant the Publisher exclusive publication and dissemination rights). This will ensure the widest possible protection and dissemination of information under copyright laws. Open Choice articles do not require transfer of copyright as the copyright remains with the author. In opting for open access, the author(s) agree to publish the article under the Creative Commons Attribution License.
OPEN CHOICE
In addition to the normal publication process (whereby an article is submitted to the journal and access to that article is granted to customers who have purchased a subscription), Springer provides an alternative publishing option: Springer Open Choice. A Springer Open Choice article receives all the benefits of a regular subscription-based article, but in addition is made available publicly through Springer’s online platform SpringerLink. For more information concerning Springer Open Choice, please visit: http://springer.com/openchoice
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE TERM – CC BY
Open Choice articles do not require transfer of copyright as the copyright remains with the author. In opting for open access, the author(s) agree to publish the article under the Creative Commons Attribution License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

ETHICAL RESPONSIBILITIES OF AUTHORS 

This journal is committed to upholding the integrity of the scientific record. As a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) the journal will follow the COPE guidelines on how to deal with potential acts of misconduct.
Authors should refrain from misrepresenting research results which could damage the trust in the journal, the professionalism of scientific authorship, and ultimately the entire scientific endeavour. Maintaining integrity of the research and its presentation can be achieved by following the rules of good scientific practice, which include:
• The manuscript has not been submitted to more than one journal for simultaneous consideration.
• The manuscript has not been published previously (partly or in full), unless the new work concerns an expansion of previous work (please provide transparency on the re-use of material to avoid the hint of text-recycling (“self-plagiarism”)).
• A single study is not split up into several parts to increase the quantity of submissions and submitted to various journals or to one journal over time (e.g. “salami-publishing”).
• No data have been fabricated or manipulated (including images) to support your conclusions
• No data, text, or theories by others are presented as if they were the author’s own (“plagiarism”). Proper acknowledgements to other works must be given (this includes material that is closely copied (near verbatim), summarized and/or paraphrased), quotation marks are used for verbatim copying of material, and permissions are secured for material that is copyrighted. Important note: the journal may use software to screen for plagiarism.
• Consent to submit has been received explicitly from all co-authors, as well as from the responsible authorities - tacitly or explicitly - at the institute/organization where the work has been carried out, before the work is submitted.
• Authors whose names appear on the submission have contributed sufficiently to the scientific work and therefore share collective responsibility and accountability for the results.
In addition:
• Changes of authorship or in the order of authors are not accepted after acceptance of a manuscript.
• Requesting to add or delete authors at revision stage, proof stage, or after publication is a serious matter and may be considered when justifiably warranted. Justification for changes in authorship must be compelling and may be considered only after receipt of written approval from all authors and a convincing, detailed explanation about the role/deletion of the new/deleted author. In case of changes at revision stage, a letter must accompany the revised manuscript. In case of changes after acceptance or publication, the request and documentation must be sent via the Publisher to the Editor-in-Chief. In all cases, further documentation may be required to support your request. The decision on accepting the change rests with the Editorin-Chief of the journal and may be turned down. Therefore authors are strongly advised to ensure the correct author group, corresponding author, and order of authors at submission.
• Upon request authors should be prepared to send relevant documentation or data in order to verify the validity of the results. This could be in the form of raw data, samples, records, etc.
If there is a suspicion of misconduct, the journal will carry out an investigation following the COPE guidelines. If, after investigation, the allegation seems to raise valid concerns, the accused author will be contacted and given an opportunity to address the issue. If misconduct has been established beyond reasonable doubt, this may result in the Editor-in-Chief’s implementation of the following measures, including, but not limited to:
• If the article is still under consideration, it may be rejected and returned to the author.
• If the article has already been published online, depending on the nature and severity of the infraction, either an erratum will be placed with the article or in severe cases complete retraction of the article will occur. The reason must be given in the published erratum or retraction note.
• The author’s institution may be informed.

COMPLIANCE WITH ETHICAL STANDARDS 

To ensure objectivity and transparency in research and to ensure that accepted principles of ethical and professional conduct have been followed, authors should include information regarding sources of funding, potential conflicts of interest (financial or non-financial), informed consent if the research involved human participants, and a statement on welfare of animals if the research involved animals.
Authors should include the following statements (if applicable) in a separate section entitled “Compliance with Ethical Standards” when submitting a paper:
• Disclosure of potential conflicts of interest
• Research involving Human Participants and/or Animals
• Informed consent
Please note that standards could vary slightly per journal dependent on their peer review policies (i.e. single or double blind peer review) as well as per journal subject discipline. Before submitting your article check the instructions following this section carefully.
The corresponding author should be prepared to collect documentation of compliance with ethical standards and send if requested during peer review or after publication.
The Editors reserve the right to reject manuscripts that do not comply with the above-mentioned guidelines. The author will be held responsible for false statements or failure to fulfill the above-mentioned guidelines.

CONFLICT OF INTEREST 

Authors must disclose all relationships or interests that could influence or bias the work. Although an author may not feel there are conflicts, disclosure of relationships and interests affords a more transparent process, leading to an accurate and objective assessment of the work. Awareness of real or perceived conflicts of interests is a perspective to which the readers are entitled and is not meant to imply that a financial relationship with an organization that sponsored the research or compensation for consultancy work is inappropriate. Examples of potential conflicts of interests that are directly or indirectly related to the research may include but are not limited to the following:
• Research grants from funding agencies (please give the research funder and the grant number)
• Honoraria for speaking at symposia
• Financial support for attending symposia
• Financial support for educational programs
• Employment or consultation
• Support from a project sponsor
• Position on advisory board or board of directors or other type of management relationships
• Multiple affiliations
• Financial relationships, for example equity ownership or investment interest
• Intellectual property rights (e.g. patents, copyrights and royalties from such rights)
• Holdings of spouse and/or children that may have financial interest in the work
In addition, interests that go beyond financial interests and compensation (non-financial interests) that may be important to readers should be disclosed. These may include but are not limited to personal relationships or competing interests directly or indirectly tied to this research, or professional interests or personal beliefs that may influence your research.
The corresponding author collects the conflict of interest disclosure forms from all authors. In author collaborations where formal agreements for representation allow it, it is sufficient for the corresponding author to sign the disclosure form on behalf of all authors.
The corresponding author will include a summary statement on the title page that is separate from their manuscript, that reflects what is recorded in the potential conflict of interest disclosure form(s).
See below examples of disclosures:
• Funding: This study was funded by X (grant number X).
• Conflict of Interest: Author A has received research grants from Company A. Author B has received a speaker honorarium from Company X and owns stock in Company Y. Author C is a member of committee Z.
• If no conflict exists, the authors should state: Conflict of Interest: The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

RESEARCH INVOLVING HUMAN PARTICIPANTS AND/OR ANIMALS AND INFORMED CONSENT 

1) Statement of human rights
When reporting studies that involve human participants, authors should include a statement that the studies have been approved by the appropriate institutional and/or national research ethics committee and have been performed in accordance with the ethical standards as laid down in the 1964 Declaration of Helsinki and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. If doubt exists whether the research was conducted in accordance with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration or comparable standards, the authors must explain the reasons for their approach, and demonstrate that the independent ethics committee or institutional review board explicitly approved the doubtful aspects of the study.
The following statements should be included in the text before the References section:
• Ethical approval: “All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.”
• For retrospective studies, please add the following sentence: “For this type of study formal consent is not required.”
2) Statement on the welfare of animals
The welfare of animals used for research must be respected. When reporting experiments on animals, authors should indicate whether the international, national, and/or institutional guidelines for the care and use of animals have been followed, and that the studies have been approved by a research ethics committee at the institution or practice at which the studies were conducted (where such a committee exists).
For studies with animals, the following statement should be in the text before the References section:
• Ethical approval: “All applicable international, national, and/or institutional guidelines for the care and use of animals were followed.”
• If applicable (where such a committee exists): “All procedures performed in studies involving animals were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institution or practice at which the studies were conducted.”
If articles do not contain studies with human participants or animals by any of the authors, please select one of the following statements:
• “This article does not contain any studies with human participants performed by any of the authors.”
• “This article does not contain any studies with animals performed by any of the authors.”
• “This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.”
3) Informed consent
All individuals have individual rights that are not to be infringed. Individual participants in studies have, for example, the right to decide what happens to the (identifiable) personal data gathered, to what they have said during a study or an interview, as well as to any photograph that was taken. Hence it is important that all participants gave their informed consent in writing prior to inclusion in the study. Identifying details (names, dates of birth, identity numbers and other information) of the participants that were studied should not be published in written descriptions, photographs, and genetic profiles unless the information is essential for scientific purposes and the participant (or parent or guardian if the participant is incapable) gave written informed consent for publication. Complete anonymity is difficult to achieve in some cases, and informed consent should be obtained if there is any doubt. For example, masking the eye region in photographs of participants is inadequate protection of anonymity. If identifying characteristics are altered to protect anonymity, such as in genetic profiles, authors should provide assurance that alterations do not distort scientific meaning.
The following statement should be included:
• Informed consent: “Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.”
• If identifying information about participants is available in the article, the following statement should be included: “Additional informed consent was obtained from all individual participants for whom identifying information is included in this article.”

English Language Editing 

For editors and reviewers to accurately assess the work presented in your manuscript you need to ensure the English language is of sufficient quality to be understood. If you need help with writing in English you should consider:
  • Asking a colleague who is a native English speaker to review your manuscript for clarity.
  • Visiting the English language tutorial which covers the common mistakes when writing in English.
  • Using a professional language editing service where editors will improve the English to ensure that your meaning is clear and identify problems that require your review. Two such services are provided by our affiliates Nature Research Editing Service and American Journal Experts. Springer authors are entitled to a 10% discount on their first submission to either of these services, simply follow the links below.
Please note that the use of a language editing service is not a requirement for publication in this journal and does not imply or guarantee that the article will be selected for peer review or accepted.
If your manuscript is accepted it will be checked by our copyeditors for spelling and formal style before publication.

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为便于编辑和评审专家准确评估您稿件中陈述的研究工作,您需要确保您的英语语言质量足以令人理解。如果您需要英文写作方面的帮助,您可以考虑:
● 请一位以英语为母语的同事审核您的稿件是否表意清晰。
● 查看一些有关英语写作中常见语言错误的教程。
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    The Journal of Digital Imaging (JDI) is the official peer-reviewed journal of the Society for Imaging Informatics in Medicine (SIIM). JDI’s goal is to enhance the exchange of knowledge encompassed by the general topic of Imaging Informatics in Medicine such as research and practice in clinical, engineering, and information technologies and techniques in all medical imaging environments. JDI topics are of interest to researchers, developers, educators, physicians, and imaging informatics professionals.

    Suggested Topics

    PACS and component systems; imaging informatics for the enterprise; image-enabled electronic medical records; RIS and HIS; digital image acquisition; image processing; image data compression; 3D, visualization, and multimedia; speech recognition; computer-aided diagnosis; facilities design; imaging vocabularies and ontologies; Transforming the Radiological Interpretation Process (TRIP™); DICOM and other standards; workflow and process modeling and simulation; quality assurance; archive integrity and security; teleradiology; digital mammography; and radiological informatics education.

    In each of these areas, technology, economics, novel developments or applications, and educational uses or impacts are all sub-topics.

    Indexed in: Index Medicus, Current Contents (ISI), Compendex (COM), and Current Index to Nursing and Allied Health (CIN).

     
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