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Medicine - Radiology | CT of the Heart - Second Edition

CT of the Heart

Second Edition

Schoepf, U. Joseph (Ed.)

Originally published in the series: Contemporary Cardiology

2nd ed. 2015

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The introduction of fast ECG-synchronized computed tomography (CT) techniques enables imaging of the heart with a combination of speed and spatial resolution unparalleled by other noninvasive imaging modalities. Applying these modalities for the evaluation of coronary artery disease is a topic of active current research. Coronary artery calcium measurements are investigated as a marker for cardiac risk stratification. With contrast-enhanced CT coronary angiography, coronary arteries can be visualized with unprecedented detail, so that noninvasive stenosis assessment appears within reach. With increasing accuracy CT enables evaluation of coronary artery bypass grafts and stents. The cross-sectional nature of CT may to some degree allow noninvasive assessment of the coronary artery wall. CT for evaluating cardiac perfusion, motion, and viability is being investigated.
In CT of the Heart, leading radiologists, cardiologists, physicists, engineers, and basic and clinical scientists from around the world survey the full scope of current developments, research, and scientific controversy regarding principles and applications of cardiac CT. Richly illustrated with over 900 black-and-white and color images, the book discusses the interpretation of CT of the heart in a variety of clinical, physiologic, and pathologic applications. The authors emphasize current state-of-the-art uses of computed tomography, including 64-slice MDCT and contrast-enhanced CT, and examine emerging developments at the horizon. They review the technical basis of CT image acquisition as well as the tools for image visualization and analysis.
Meticulous and comprehensive, CT of the Heart authoritatively defines the current status of computed tomography of the heart, offering a truly balanced view of its technology, applications, significance, and future potential.

Content Level » Professional/practitioner

Related subjects » Cardiology & Angiology - Radiology

Table of contents 

Part I. Introduction and Historical Background

CT of the Heart: Past, Present, and Future
William Stanford

Part II. Technical Background

Electron Beam CT of the Heart
David G. Hill

Scan Techniques for Cardiac and Coronary Artery Imaging With Multislice CT
Bernd M. Ohnesorge, Brian R. Westerman, and U. Joseph Schoepf

Image Reconstruction for ECG-Triggered and ECG-Gated Multislice CT
Thomas Flohr and Tinsu Pan

Phase-Correlated Image Reconstruction Without ECG
Marc Kachelriess and Willi A. Kalender

Radiation Dose From CT of the Heart
Cynthia H. McCollough

Part III. Detection and Quantification of Coronary Calcium

Coronary Calcium Screening: An Epidemiologic Perspective
Christopher J. O'Donnell and Udo Hoffmann

Coronary Calcium Scanning: Why We Should Perform It
Axel Schmermund, Stefan Möhlenkamp, and Raimund Erbel

Detection and Quantification of Coronary Calcium With Electron Beam CT
Axel Schmermund, Stefan Möhlenkamp, and Raimund Erbel

Detection and Quantification of Coronary Calcium With Dual-Slice CT
Joseph Shemesh

Detection and Quantification of Calcified Coronary Plaque With Multidetector-Row CT
J. Jeffrey Carr

Coronary Calcium Scoring With Multidetector-Row CT: Rationale and Scoring Techniques
Roman Fischbach and David Maintz

Noninvasive Quantification of Coronary Calcium: Quantification Methods, Scanner Types, Scan Protocols, Accuracy, and Reproducibility
Stefan Ulzheimer, Kaiss Shanneik, and Willi A. Kalender

Part IV. Contrast-Enhanced CT of the Heart: Morphology and Function

CT of the Pericardium
Reinhard Groell

Multidetector-Row CT for Assessment of Cardiac Valves
Jürgen K. Willmann and Dominik Weishaupt

Multislice CT of the Heart and Great Vessels in Congenital Heart Disease Patients
Jean-François Paul

Imaging of Cardiac and Paracardiac Masses and Pseudotumors
Bernd J. Wintersperger

Multidetector-Row CT Assessment of Left-Ventricular Function
Kai Uwe Juergens and Roman Fischbach

Imaging Intramyocardial Microcirculatory Function Using Fast Computed Tomography
Stefan Möhlenkamp, Axel Schmermund, Birgit Kantor, Raimund Erbel, and Erik L. Ritman

Approaches for Assessing Myocardial Viability With Multidetector-Row CT
Yasushi Koyama and Teruhito Mochizuki

Part V. Contrast-Enhanced CT of the Heart: Coronary Arteries

Anatomy of the Coronary Arteries and Veins in CT Imaging
Robert J. M. van Geuns and Filippo Cademartiri

Techniques and Protocols for Acquisition and Display of Contrast-Enhanced CT Angiography
Christoph R. Becker

Contrast Material Injection Techniques for CT Angiography of the Coronary Arteries
Filippo Cademartiri and Koen Nieman

Visualization Techniques for Contrast- Enhanced CT Angiography of Coronary Arteries
Jean-Louis Sablayrolles and Pascal Giat

CT Angiography for Assessment of Coronary Artery Anomalies
Steffen C. Froehner, Matthias Wagner, Juergen Brunn, and Rainer R. Schmitt

Multidetector-Row CT for Assessment of Kawasaki Disease
Toru Sakuma and Kunihiko Fukuda

Multidetector-Row CT of the Coronary Arteries for Planning of Minimally Invasive Bypass Surgery
Christopher Herzog, Selami Dogan, and Thomas J. Vogl

CT Angiography for Assessment of Coronary Bypass Grafts
Marcello De Santis

Contrast-Enhanced Electron Beam CT and Multidetector-Row CT in the Evaluation of Coronary Stent Patency
Heiko Pump, Stefan Möhlenkamp, Raimund Erbel, and Rainer Seibel

CT Angiography for the Detection of Coronary Artery Stenosis
Koen Nieman and Filippo Cademartiri

Complementary Use of Coronary Calcium Scoring and CT Angiography
Alexander W. Leber

CT vs Magnetic Resonance for Imaging of the Coronary Arteries
Armin Huber

Part VI. Contrast-Enhanced CT of the Heart: Principles of Atherosclerosis and Vessel Wall Imaging

Pathology and Pathophysiology of Coronary Atherosclerotic Plaques
Renu Virmani, Allen P. Burke, Frank D. Kolodgie, Andrew Farb, Aloke V. Finn, and Herman Gold

Pathogenesis of the Vulnerable Atherosclerotic Plaque
Masanori Aikawa

Multidetector-Row CT Imaging of Clinical and Preclinical Coronary Atherosclerosis
Christoph R. Becker

Multidetector-Row CT vs Intravascular Ultrasound for Coronary Plaque Characterization
Axel Kuettner

Multidetector-Row CT vs Magnetic Resonance Imaging for Coronary Plaque Characterization
Konstantin Nikolaou, Christoph R. Becker, and Zahi Fayad

Multidetector-Row CT for Detection of Noncalcified and Calcified Coronary Lesions: Clinical Significance
Stephen Schroeder

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