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Medicine - Radiology | Bone Densitometry for Technologists

Bone Densitometry for Technologists

Bonnick, Sydney Lou

2nd ed. 2006, xxi, 416 p

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Continuing the excellent reputation of the first edition, leading densitometry experts Sydney Lou Bonnick, MD, FACP, and Lori Ann Lewis, MRT, CDT, have updated and expanded Bone Densitometry for Technologists to reflect the latest standards and developments in the field. Here radiologic technologists, nurse practitioners, physician assistants, and dedicated densitometry technologists can find new guidelines for bone density testing, new therapies for osteoporosis, and new treatment guidelines for osteoporosis, as well as new chapters on pediatric densitometry body composition assessments, and the use of skeletal morphometry in diagnosis and fracture risk prediction. The twelve appendices have also been updated to reflect the most current information available, including contacts for densitometry equipment manufacturers and organizations, guidelines for bone density testing and CPT codes, definitions of terms, and new conversion equations. A companion CD contains the Precision Calculator Companion for automatically calculating the short-term precision and least significant change values for a facility, and the statistical confidence level for any change in BMD, all of which are indispensable in the interpretation of serial bone density studies. In addition, a new continuing education test will allow, upon successful completion, 17 hours of Category A American Society of Radiologic Technologists' credit.
Comprehensive and informative, Bone Densitometry for Technologists, Second Edition provides all of the practical knowledge needed to expertly and professionally operate any of today's sophisticated densitometry machines.

Content Level » Professional/practitioner

Keywords » Monitor - bone - computed tomography (CT) - diagnosis - magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) - surgery - ultrasound

Related subjects » Radiology

Table of contents 

Chapter 1: An Introduction to Conventions in Densitometry Densitometry as a Quantitative Measurement Technique Accuracy and Precision The Skeleton in Densitometry Weight Bearing or Non-Weight Bearing Axial or Appendicular Central or Peripheral Cortical or Trabecular What Do the Machines Actually Measure? The Effect of Bone Size on Areal Densities Bone Mineral Apparent Density Calculating 'Average' Spine Bone Densities Ultrasound Parameters The Densitometry Printout The Percentage Comparisons The Standard Score Comparisons The Age-Regression Graph The Standardized BMD The Utility of the sBMD The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) III Database for the Proximal Femur Nomenclature Guidelines From the International Society for Clinical Densitometry References Chapter 2: Densitometry Techniques Plain Radiography in the Assessment of Bone Density Qualitative Morphometry Qualitative Spinal Morphometry The Singh Index Quantitative Morphometric Techniques Calcar Femorale Thickness Radiogrammetry The Radiologic Osteoporosis Score Radiographic Photodensitometry Radiographic Absorptiometry Photon Absorptiometry Techniques Single-Photon Absorptiometry Dual-Photon Absorptiometry Dual-Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry Peripheral DXA Single-Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry Quantitative Computed Tomography Peripheral QCT Quantitative Ultrasound Bone Densitometry References Chapter 3: Skeletal Anatomy in Densitometry The Spine in Densitometry Vertebral Anatomy Artifacts in PA or AP Spine Densitometry Vertebral Fractures Effect of Osteophytes on BMD Effect of Aortic Calcification on BMD Effect of Facet Sclerosis on BMD Effect of Vertebral Rotation on PA Lumbar Spine Bone Density Other Causes of Artifacts in PA and AP Lumbar Spine Studies The Spine in the Lateral Projection The Proximal Femur in Densitometry Proximal Femur Anatomy Effect of Rotation on BMD in the Proximal Femur Effect of Leg Dominance on BMD in the Proximal Femur Effect of Scoliosis, Osteoarthritis, Osteophytes, Surgery, and Fracture on BMD in the Proximal Femur The Forearm in Densitometry Nomenclature Effect of Arm Dominance on Forearm BMD Effect of Artifacts on BMD in the Forearm The Metacarpals, Phalanges, and Calcaneus References Chapter 4: FDA-Approved Densitometry Devices Computer-Enhanced Radiogrammetry Computer-Enhanced Radiographic Absorptiometry Central X-Ray Densitometers Peripheral X-Ray Densitometers Ultrasound Bone Densitometers Chapter 5: Computer Basics Types of Computers Desktops, Towers, Minitowers, and Laptops PCs and MACs Major Components of a Computer System Important Components Inside the Computer Housing Motherboard, Random Access Memory, and Slots Central Processing Units Hard Drives Internal Disk Drives Input Devices The Keyboard The Mouse The Trackball Output Devices Monitors Printers Computer Ports Keyboard and Mouse Ports Parallel Ports Serial Ports Universal Serial Bus Ports Power, Monitor, Modem, and Network Ports Types of Storage Media Magnetic Media Optical Storage Media Flash Memory Protecting the Data Computer Maintenance Chapter 6: The Importance of Precision The Concept of Precision Performing a Precision Study Short-Term Precision Studies Mathematical Procedures Used to Calculate Precision Long-Term Precision Studies Applying the Precision Value to Serial Measurements Determination of Least Significant Change Using the Least Significant Change to Determine the Timing of Repeat Measurements A Case in Point More Sophisticated Issues of Statistical Confidence for the Measured C

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