Thermoregulation of Sick and Low Birth Weight Neonates
Temperature Control. Temperature Monitoring. Thermal Environment
Okken, Albert, Koch, Jochim (Eds.)
Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1995, XIII, 241 pp., 87 figs.
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This volume gives background information on thermoregulation as it applies to low birth weight and sick neonates. The physical principles of heat transfer of various heating devices, such as incubators, open radiant warmers, and heated mattresses, which are used in neonatal care for temperature distribution throughout the body are described and the significance of simultaneous core and periphal temperature monitoring discussed. The chapters have been written by several authors who are well known in the field. The book is intended for use by all professionals, including doctors, scientists, students, and nurses, working in the field of neonatal care.
Content Level »Research
Keywords »Low Birth Weight Neonates - Metabolism - Neugeborene - Temperatur Control - Thermomonitoring - Thermoregulation
Thermodynamic Principles.- 1 The Concept of Thermoregulation.- 2 Metabolic Background of Neonatal Heat Production, Energy Balance, Metabolic Response to Heat and Cold.- 3 Physics of Neonatal Heat Transfer, Routes of Heat Loss and Heat Gain.- 4 Body Temperature in Sick Neonates, Deseases and Biochemical Disturbances.- Temperature Monitoring.- 5 Temperature Measurements and Distribution of Temperatures throughout the Body in Neonates.- 6 Thermal Monitoring of very Preterm Infants. Which Temperature should be Measured?.- 7 Experiences with Thermal Monitoring, Influence of Neonatal Care and how should it be Monitored.- 8 Temperature Control in Preterm Infants — Effect of Birthweight and Gestational Age.- 9 Thermal Monitoring in Sick Neonates.- Optimal Thermal Environment.- 10 Physical Properties of the Thermal Environment.- 11 Effect of the Thermal Environment on Neonatal Mortality and Morbidity: State of the Evidence.- 12 Treatment of Sick Newborns in Incubators.- 13 Treatment of Sick Newborns under Radiant Warmers.- 14 Treatment of Sick Newborns with Heated Mattresses.- 15 Aspects of Hygiene.- Extreme Thermal Conditions.- 16 Prevention of Neonatal Hypothermia in the Delivery Room.- 17 Transportation of Sick Newborns in a Cold Environment.