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Medicine - Otorhinolaryngology | Journal of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology

Journal of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology

Journal of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology

Editor-in-Chief: Paul B. Manis

ISSN: 1525-3961 (print version)
ISSN: 1438-7573 (electronic version)

Journal no. 10162

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Instructions for Authors

Manuscript Submission 

Manuscript Submission

Submission of a manuscript implies: that the work described has not been published before; that it is not under consideration for publication anywhere else; that its publication has been approved by all co-authors, if any, as well as by the responsible authorities – tacitly or explicitly – at the institute where the work has been carried out. The publisher will not be held legally responsible should there be any claims for compensation.

Permissions

Authors wishing to include figures, tables, or text passages that have already been published elsewhere are required to obtain permission from the copyright owner(s) for both the print and online format and to include evidence that such permission has been granted when submitting their papers. Any material received without such evidence will be assumed to originate from the authors.

Online Submission

Please follow the hyperlink “Submit online” on the right and upload all of your manuscript files following the instructions given on the screen.

Additional submission information  

Additional Information for JARO manuscripts…
Title page: Please include word/ number counts for:
Introduction
Discussion
Number of tables
Number of figures
Use a normal, plain font (e.g., 10-12-point Times Roman, 11-12 point Arial) for text.
Word Limits (regular articles):
JARO has the following guidelines for word limits. Note that word limits may be waived at editor’s discretion if the topic requires.
Introduction: 750 (including citations)
Methods, Results: No limit.
Discussion: 1750 (including citations)
Footnotes should be used sparingly, if at all.

Title page 

Title Page

The title page should include:
  • The name(s) of the author(s)
  • A concise and informative title
  • The affiliation(s) and address(es) of the author(s)
  • The e-mail address, and telephone number(s) of the corresponding author
  • If available, the 16-digit ORCID of the author(s)

Abstract

Please provide an abstract of 150 to 250 words. The abstract should not contain any undefined abbreviations or unspecified references.

Keywords

Please provide 4 to 6 keywords which can be used for indexing purposes.

Additional 

In addition to that of the corresponding author, JARO requires email addresses for all authors included on the manuscript.

Text 

Text Formatting

Manuscripts should be submitted in Word.
  • Use a normal, plain font (e.g., 10-point Times Roman) for text.
  • Use italics for emphasis.
  • Use the automatic page numbering function to number the pages.
  • Do not use field functions.
  • Use tab stops or other commands for indents, not the space bar.
  • Use the table function, not spreadsheets, to make tables.
  • Use the equation editor or MathType for equations.
  • Save your file in docx format (Word 2007 or higher) or doc format (older Word versions).
Manuscripts with mathematical content can also be submitted in LaTeX.

Headings

Please use no more than three levels of displayed headings.

Abbreviations

Abbreviations should be defined at first mention and used consistently thereafter.

Footnotes

Footnotes can be used to give additional information, which may include the citation of a reference included in the reference list. They should not consist solely of a reference citation, and they should never include the bibliographic details of a reference. They should also not contain any figures or tables.
Footnotes to the text are numbered consecutively; those to tables should be indicated by superscript lower-case letters (or asterisks for significance values and other statistical data). Footnotes to the title or the authors of the article are not given reference symbols.
Always use footnotes instead of endnotes.

Acknowledgments

Acknowledgments of people, grants, funds, etc. should be placed in a separate section on the title page. The names of funding organizations should be written in full.

Conflict of Interest 

Authors must indicate whether or not they have a financial relationship with the organization that sponsored the research. This note should be added in a separate section before the reference list as well as in a separate letter accompanying the manuscript.
If no conflict exists, authors should state: The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Statistics 

• JARO recommends that authors obtain the advice of a statistician prior to starting a study, to aid in the study design. Any statistical analysis must be checked for accuracy by the authors; if statistical software is used, the source (including version number) of the tools must be listed in Materials and Methods; this information should be provided in the final paragraph. Authors are strongly encouraged to seek the assistance of a statistician at their institution or elsewhere; if they seek such advice, the resource should be identified in the letter of submission, and in the acknowledgements.
• Statistics should be fully reported in the manuscript/article. This includes stating the statistical test(s) used, the exact value of N (sample size), and the definitions of the distribution center (mean, median) and measures of variability (SD, SEM, and confidence intervals) reported in the text and shown in figures.
• All legends should include specific "N" for each treatment group and a description (or brief description) of statistics used for each experiment. The definition of a sample should be made clear (N cells, N subjects). If data are pooled from multiple observations on individual subjects, the operations involved in computing the pooled value must be stated.
• Statements that indicate the presence of “significant effects” should be supported by an appropriate statistical test.
• State the type of test that was used, including the degrees of freedom, the resulting test value, and the exact P-value (to 2 significant figures) that the result occurred at chance under the null hypothesis. For t-tests, always state whether the test is for a one-sided or two-sided hypothesis.
• Format: The format of the description of the statistical results should indicate the degrees of freedom, the statistic value, and the P value, as in these examples:
• F (3,21) = 5.62, P = 0.0054
• T(7) = 4.582, P = 0.0025
• r2(9) = 0.77, P = 0.0004
• To avoid ambiguities, all statistical variables should be italicized (F, t, P).
• The type of post-hoc tests used when following any ANOVA with multiple comparisons should be identified.
• Reporting P values with inequalities should be limited to data is grouped in tables or figures, or for post-hoc tests (multiple comparisons) if no exact value is reported by the software.
• Manuscripts that report results based on the analysis of large data sets, including (but not limited to) genomic sequencing studies and fMRI imaging studies are also required to specify in detail how the statistical analyses were done.

Methods and Materials 

Although JARO has word limits on the Abstract, Introduction and Discussion, JARO does not have a page limit or word limits on the Methods and Materials or Results sections. Therefore, the methods and materials should be complete. References to prior methods papers may be made, but only if the original method has been exactly followed, and is completely and clearly described in the prior material. Otherwise, JARO requires that the methods be rewritten (to avoid plagiarism) and be completely described. The purpose of complete methods is to aid in reproducibility and to allow readers to fully understand how the study was done. The following are the guidelines for JARO:
• Methods include all procedures and instructions, manipulations of subject material, selection of subjects, methods used to compute stimuli, versions of programs used, specific hardware, etc. Materials include samples, animal sources and lineage, special storage of key reagents, identification of antibodies by lot, complete primer sequences, etc. The goal of the methods section is to allow studies to be replicated in a lab that is similarly equipped.
• For work that relies on antibodies, the methods section should include information about how antibodies were validated either by citing prior work (for example antibodies listed in the JCN database (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1096-9861/homepage/other_resources.htm) or (preferably) in the Antibody Registry (http://antibodyregistry.org). Alternatively, authors may provide a full blot image (not cropped) for each antibody to demonstrate protein specificity, and should include an evaluation of staining in a knock-out animal if possible.
• In animal studies, the methods section should also include relevant information as outlined in the ARRIVE Guideline checklist for Methods (http://www.nc3rs.org.uk/arrive-guidelines). A filled-out copy of the checklist may be included as a supplemental file (not to be published) to aid in the review process.
• The description of data analysis in the methods section should include all processing steps taken to analyze the data (including, but not limited to: additional software filtering, how samples and/or subjects and technical replicates were pooled to determine sample sizes, whether aspects of the experiments were randomized or not, whether the experimenters (and subjects, if relevant) were blinded to subject treatment, and if blinding was used, at what point in the analysis such blinding was unmasked).
• For studies using analysis of images, the analysis section should also include a description of all steps taken while acquiring images, image processing steps prior to analysis, and any additional steps taken in the preparation of images for figures.
• Custom software should be publicly available (for example, on GitHub or a similar repository) or a statement regarding the availability of the software from the authors should be made. Key elements of computational models should be deposited in a database such as ModelDB (https://senselab.med.yale.edu/modeldb/). We also encourage authors to share data in a way that suits the data. Such sharing may include placing the data on a public repository, on a lab web site, or offering to provide the primary data upon request. If work in the manuscript relies on computer simulation code, instructions for providing access to the code for review by both reviewers and readers should be provided.

References 

Citation

Cite references in the text by name and year in parentheses. Some examples:
  • Negotiation research spans many disciplines (Thompson 1990).
  • This result was later contradicted by Becker and Seligman (1996).
  • This effect has been widely studied (Abbott 1991; Barakat et al. 1995a, b; Kelso and Smith 1998; Medvec et al. 1999, 2000).

Reference list

The list of references should only include works that are cited in the text and that have been published or accepted for publication. Personal communications and unpublished works should only be mentioned in the text. Do not use footnotes or endnotes as a substitute for a reference list.
Reference list entries should be alphabetized by the last names of the first author of each work. Order multi-author publications of the same first author alphabetically with respect to second, third, etc. author. Publications of exactly the same author(s) must be ordered chronologically.
  • Journal article
    Gamelin FX, Baquet G, Berthoin S, Thevenet D, Nourry C, Nottin S, Bosquet L (2009) Effect of high intensity intermittent training on heart rate variability in prepubescent children. Eur J Appl Physiol 105:731-738. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-008-0955-8
    Ideally, the names of all authors should be provided, but the usage of “et al” in long author lists will also be accepted:
    Smith J, Jones M Jr, Houghton L et al (1999) Future of health insurance. N Engl J Med 965:325–329
  • Article by DOI
    Slifka MK, Whitton JL (2000) Clinical implications of dysregulated cytokine production. J Mol Med. https://doi.org/10.1007/s001090000086
  • Book
    South J, Blass B (2001) The future of modern genomics. Blackwell, London
  • Book chapter
    Brown B, Aaron M (2001) The politics of nature. In: Smith J (ed) The rise of modern genomics, 3rd edn. Wiley, New York, pp 230-257
  • Online document
    Cartwright J (2007) Big stars have weather too. IOP Publishing PhysicsWeb. http://physicsweb.org/articles/news/11/6/16/1. Accessed 26 June 2007
  • Dissertation
    Trent JW (1975) Experimental acute renal failure. Dissertation, University of California
Always use the standard abbreviation of a journal’s name according to the ISSN List of Title Word Abbreviations, see
If you are unsure, please use the full journal title.
For authors using EndNote, Springer provides an output style that supports the formatting of in-text citations and reference list.

Tables 

  • All tables are to be numbered using Arabic numerals.
  • Tables should always be cited in text in consecutive numerical order.
  • For each table, please supply a table caption (title) explaining the components of the table.
  • Identify any previously published material by giving the original source in the form of a reference at the end of the table caption.
  • Footnotes to tables should be indicated by superscript lower-case letters (or asterisks for significance values and other statistical data) and included beneath the table body.

Artwork and Illustrations Guidelines 

Electronic Figure Submission

  • Supply all figures electronically.
  • Indicate what graphics program was used to create the artwork.
  • For vector graphics, the preferred format is EPS; for halftones, please use TIFF format. MSOffice files are also acceptable.
  • Vector graphics containing fonts must have the fonts embedded in the files.
  • Name your figure files with "Fig" and the figure number, e.g., Fig1.eps.

Line Art

Line BW
  • Definition: Black and white graphic with no shading.
  • Do not use faint lines and/or lettering and check that all lines and lettering within the figures are legible at final size.
  • All lines should be at least 0.1 mm (0.3 pt) wide.
  • Scanned line drawings and line drawings in bitmap format should have a minimum resolution of 1200 dpi.
  • Vector graphics containing fonts must have the fonts embedded in the files.

Halftone Art

Halftone gray color
  • Definition: Photographs, drawings, or paintings with fine shading, etc.
  • If any magnification is used in the photographs, indicate this by using scale bars within the figures themselves.
  • Halftones should have a minimum resolution of 300 dpi.

Combination Art

Combined
  • Definition: a combination of halftone and line art, e.g., halftones containing line drawing, extensive lettering, color diagrams, etc.
  • Combination artwork should have a minimum resolution of 600 dpi.

Color Art

  • Color art is free of charge for online publication.
  • If black and white will be shown in the print version, make sure that the main information will still be visible. Many colors are not distinguishable from one another when converted to black and white. A simple way to check this is to make a xerographic copy to see if the necessary distinctions between the different colors are still apparent.
  • If the figures will be printed in black and white, do not refer to color in the captions.
  • Color illustrations should be submitted as RGB (8 bits per channel).

Figure Lettering

  • To add lettering, it is best to use Helvetica or Arial (sans serif fonts).
  • Keep lettering consistently sized throughout your final-sized artwork, usually about 2–3 mm (8–12 pt).
  • Variance of type size within an illustration should be minimal, e.g., do not use 8-pt type on an axis and 20-pt type for the axis label.
  • Avoid effects such as shading, outline letters, etc.
  • Do not include titles or captions within your illustrations.

Figure Numbering

  • All figures are to be numbered using Arabic numerals.
  • Figures should always be cited in text in consecutive numerical order.
  • Figure parts should be denoted by lowercase letters (a, b, c, etc.).
  • If an appendix appears in your article and it contains one or more figures, continue the consecutive numbering of the main text. Do not number the appendix figures,
    "A1, A2, A3, etc." Figures in online appendices (Electronic Supplementary Material) should, however, be numbered separately.

Figure Captions

  • Each figure should have a concise caption describing accurately what the figure depicts. Include the captions in the text file of the manuscript, not in the figure file.
  • Figure captions begin with the term Fig. in bold type, followed by the figure number, also in bold type.
  • No punctuation is to be included after the number, nor is any punctuation to be placed at the end of the caption.
  • Identify all elements found in the figure in the figure caption; and use boxes, circles, etc., as coordinate points in graphs.
  • Identify previously published material by giving the original source in the form of a reference citation at the end of the figure caption.

Figure Placement and Size

  • Figures should be submitted separately from the text, if possible.
  • When preparing your figures, size figures to fit in the column width.
  • For most journals the figures should be 39 mm, 84 mm, 129 mm, or 174 mm wide and not higher than 234 mm.
  • For books and book-sized journals, the figures should be 80 mm or 122 mm wide and not higher than 198 mm.

Permissions

If you include figures that have already been published elsewhere, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner(s) for both the print and online format. Please be aware that some publishers do not grant electronic rights for free and that Springer will not be able to refund any costs that may have occurred to receive these permissions. In such cases, material from other sources should be used.

Accessibility

In order to give people of all abilities and disabilities access to the content of your figures, please make sure that
  • All figures have descriptive captions (blind users could then use a text-to-speech software or a text-to-Braille hardware)
  • Patterns are used instead of or in addition to colors for conveying information (colorblind users would then be able to distinguish the visual elements)
  • Any figure lettering has a contrast ratio of at least 4.5:1

Additional Figure Guidelines 

  • Please do not submit figures embedded in PDF or Word .doc/.docx files.
  • All panels of a given figure should be in a single file.
  • Top and right axes: Do not include right and top axes unless they are for data that is plotted on a different scale than the opposing axis. Do not box the figure panels with lines.
  • Frames: Remove ALL frames from around figure panels.
  • Horizontal and Vertical Gridlines: Horizontal and vertical gridlines should be removed from all graphs/histograms, unless they are there to indicate specific values, or the graph is a 3-D plot, for which such gridlines provide perspective.
  • Shading: Do not use shaded backgrounds on data plots, except to indicate regions of statistical significance.
  • Legends: Legends associated with images and plots that indicate the relationship between symbols, line styles, colors, etc. are acceptable. Whenever possible, the legend should be placed so that it fits within the space of the plot. In some cases, the legend information may be better expressed in the figure legend text.

Color is free 

Color is free in both the print and online editions of JARO.

Electronic Supplementary Material 

Springer accepts electronic multimedia files (animations, movies, audio, etc.) and other supplementary files to be published online along with an article or a book chapter. This feature can add dimension to the author's article, as certain information cannot be printed or is more convenient in electronic form.
Before submitting research datasets as electronic supplementary material, authors should read the journal’s Research data policy. We encourage research data to be archived in data repositories wherever possible.

Submission

  • Supply all supplementary material in standard file formats.
  • Please include in each file the following information: article title, journal name, author names; affiliation and e-mail address of the corresponding author.
  • To accommodate user downloads, please keep in mind that larger-sized files may require very long download times and that some users may experience other problems during downloading.

Audio, Video, and Animations

  • Aspect ratio: 16:9 or 4:3
  • Maximum file size: 25 GB
  • Minimum video duration: 1 sec
  • Supported file formats: avi, wmv, mp4, mov, m2p, mp2, mpg, mpeg, flv, mxf, mts, m4v, 3gp

Text and Presentations

  • Submit your material in PDF format; .doc or .ppt files are not suitable for long-term viability.
  • A collection of figures may also be combined in a PDF file.

Spreadsheets

  • Spreadsheets should be submitted as .csv or .xlsx files (MS Excel).

Specialized Formats

  • Specialized format such as .pdb (chemical), .wrl (VRML), .nb (Mathematica notebook), and .tex can also be supplied.

Collecting Multiple Files

  • It is possible to collect multiple files in a .zip or .gz file.

Numbering

  • If supplying any supplementary material, the text must make specific mention of the material as a citation, similar to that of figures and tables.
  • Refer to the supplementary files as “Online Resource”, e.g., "... as shown in the animation (Online Resource 3)", “... additional data are given in Online Resource 4”.
  • Name the files consecutively, e.g. “ESM_3.mpg”, “ESM_4.pdf”.

Captions

  • For each supplementary material, please supply a concise caption describing the content of the file.

Processing of supplementary files

  • Electronic supplementary material will be published as received from the author without any conversion, editing, or reformatting.

Accessibility

In order to give people of all abilities and disabilities access to the content of your supplementary files, please make sure that
  • The manuscript contains a descriptive caption for each supplementary material
  • Video files do not contain anything that flashes more than three times per second (so that users prone to seizures caused by such effects are not put at risk)

Supplemental 

Supplemental material may not consist of:
* Figures and text; these belong in the main article.

Ethical Responsibilities of Authors 

This journal is committed to upholding the integrity of the scientific record. As a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) the journal will follow the COPE guidelines on how to deal with potential acts of misconduct.
Authors should refrain from misrepresenting research results which could damage the trust in the journal, the professionalism of scientific authorship, and ultimately the entire scientific endeavour. Maintaining integrity of the research and its presentation can be achieved by following the rules of good scientific practice, which include:
  • The manuscript has not been submitted to more than one journal for simultaneous consideration.
  • The manuscript has not been published previously (partly or in full), unless the new work concerns an expansion of previous work (please provide transparency on the re-use of material to avoid the hint of text-recycling (“self-plagiarism”)).
  • A single study is not split up into several parts to increase the quantity of submissions and submitted to various journals or to one journal over time (e.g. “salami-publishing”).
  • No data have been fabricated or manipulated (including images) to support your conclusions
  • No data, text, or theories by others are presented as if they were the author’s own (“plagiarism”). Proper acknowledgements to other works must be given (this includes material that is closely copied (near verbatim), summarized and/or paraphrased), quotation marks are used for verbatim copying of material, and permissions are secured for material that is copyrighted.
    Important note: the journal may use software to screen for plagiarism.
  • Consent to submit has been received explicitly from all co-authors, as well as from the responsible authorities - tacitly or explicitly - at the institute/organization where the work has been carried out, before the work is submitted.
  • Authors whose names appear on the submission have contributed sufficiently to the scientific work and therefore share collective responsibility and accountability for the results.
  • Authors are strongly advised to ensure the correct author group, corresponding author, and order of authors at submission. Changes of authorship or in the order of authors are not accepted after acceptance of a manuscript.
  • Adding and/or deleting authors at revision stage may be justifiably warranted. A letter must accompany the revised manuscript to explain the role of the added and/or deleted author(s). Further documentation may be required to support your request.
  • Requests for addition or removal of authors as a result of authorship disputes after acceptance are honored after formal notification by the institute or independent body and/or when there is agreement between all authors.
  • Upon request authors should be prepared to send relevant documentation or data in order to verify the validity of the results. This could be in the form of raw data, samples, records, etc. Sensitive information in the form of confidential proprietary data is excluded.
If there is a suspicion of misconduct, the journal will carry out an investigation following the COPE guidelines. If, after investigation, the allegation seems to raise valid concerns, the accused author will be contacted and given an opportunity to address the issue. If misconduct has been established beyond reasonable doubt, this may result in the Editor-in-Chief’s implementation of the following measures, including, but not limited to:
  • If the article is still under consideration, it may be rejected and returned to the author.
  • If the article has already been published online, depending on the nature and severity of the infraction, either an erratum will be placed with the article or in severe cases complete retraction of the article will occur. The reason must be given in the published erratum or retraction note. Please note that retraction means that the paper is maintained on the platform, watermarked "retracted" and explanation for the retraction is provided in a note linked to the watermarked article.
  • The author’s institution may be informed.

After Acceptance 

Upon acceptance of your article you will receive a link to the special Author Query Application at Springer’s web page where you can sign the Copyright Transfer Statement online and indicate whether you wish to order OpenChoice and offprints.
Once the Author Query Application has been completed, your article will be processed and you will receive the proofs.

Copyright transfer

Authors will be asked to transfer copyright of the article to the Publisher (or grant the Publisher exclusive publication and dissemination rights). This will ensure the widest possible protection and dissemination of information under copyright laws.

Offprints

Offprints can be ordered by the corresponding author.

Color illustrations

Publication of color illustrations is free of charge.

Proof reading

The purpose of the proof is to check for typesetting or conversion errors and the completeness and accuracy of the text, tables and figures. Substantial changes in content, e.g., new results, corrected values, title and authorship, are not allowed without the approval of the Editor.
After online publication, further changes can only be made in the form of an Erratum, which will be hyperlinked to the article.

Online First

The article will be published online after receipt of the corrected proofs. This is the official first publication citable with the DOI. After release of the printed version, the paper can also be cited by issue and page numbers.

Open Choice 

In addition to the normal publication process (whereby an article is submitted to the journal and access to that article is granted to customers who have purchased a subscription), Springer provides an alternative publishing option: Springer Open Choice. A Springer Open Choice article receives all the benefits of a regular subscription-based article, but in addition is made available publicly through Springer’s online platform SpringerLink.

Copyright and license term – CC BY

Open Choice articles do not require transfer of copyright as the copyright remains with the author. In opting for open access, the author(s) agree to publish the article under the Creative Commons Attribution License.

Copyright Transfer  

Copyright Transfer vs. "Open Choice"
If you transfer copyright to the Association for Research in Otolaryngology (ARO), then your article will be available to all ARO members and institutional subscribers to JARO for the first year, but not to the public at large until a year has passed. As soon as your article is published in an online issue, Springer will automatically upload your article to PubMed Central with a one year embargo. This procedure will satisfy requirements for research funded by the U.S. National Institutes of Health.
If you do not wish to transfer copyright and/or wish to make your paper freely available before one year after the publication date, you can do so by choosing Springer's "Open Choice" option for $3,000 at the time your article is accepted for publication. In that case the article will also be available immediately in PubMed Central, as well as on SpringerLink.com. See http://www.springer.com/west/home/open+choice?SGWID=4-40359-0-0-0 for further details on this option.

Ethical considerations 

Authors should submit studies that have not been submitted or published elsewhere. Any submitted paper must not currently be under active review at any other journal. Any re-representation of published data must be fully acknowledged and done with the approval of the copyright holder. A statement affirming submission status should be included in the transmittal letter.
Authors are expected to openly declare any commercial interest, or other conflict of interest, when they submit their paper for consideration. This should be done in a letter accompanying the manuscript as well as in the manuscript itself. All authors must have agreed to the content and submission of the final submitted manuscript. Individual email addresses must be provided for all authors so that they may all be contacted should any problem arise.

Neuroscience Peer Review Consortium (NPRC) 

JARO is a member of NPRC, an alliance of neuroscience journals that have agreed to share manuscript reviews at the author's request. The Consortium’s goals are to support efficient and thorough peer review of original research in neuroscience, to speed the publication of research reports, and to reduce the burden on peer reviewers.
Reviews are only shared with other journals at the corresponding author’s request. They are forwarded directly from one editorial office to another. Normally, the reviewers’ names are forwarded along with the review, because anonymous reviews are generally not useful to editors and will do little to speed the review of manuscripts or reduce the burden on peer reviewers. Nevertheless, reviewers will have the option to not allow their names to be forwarded. As before, reviewers' identities are never revealed to authors.
A related change is that JARO no longer accepts confidential comments to the editors (except to discuss human or animal subject welfare, potential conflicts of interest or misconduct). This way, both authors and editors of journals receiving forwarded reviews will have access to the full review upon which each manuscript decision is based.
Policy and Guidelines on the Sharing of Research Materials and Genetic Database Information

Policy and Guidelines on the Sharing of Research Materials and Genetic Database Information 

General Policy

In general, by submitting a manuscript to the Journal of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology (JARO), the Authors are agreeing to abide by the guidelines stated here concerning sharing of research materials.
In rare instances, considerations of time, money, or personnel, may make sharing of materials impossible. In such a case, the authors must explain the circumstances in a cover letter submitted with the manuscript, indicating that they are prepared to make every effort to assist others in creating their own materials. The Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology may then determine on a case-by-case basis whether or not to accept the manuscript for review.
If it is demonstrated to the Editor-in-Chief that an author has failed to abide by these guidelines, the Journal of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology will refuse to publish any manuscript involving that author until the matter is corrected.
Guidelines
Unique materials used in studies being reported in JARO must be made available to qualified scientists for bona fide research purposes.
Before publication, authors must deposit any nucleotide or protein sequence data reported in the manuscript in GenBank or other members of the International Nucleotide Sequence Database Collaboration (EMBL or DDBJ) and SWISS-PROT, and the associated accession numbers must be provided in the article. Similarly, protein or other molecular structure data must be reported in the NCBI Structure database and accession numbers provided in the article.
After publication, authors should be prepared to promptly make available to qualified scientists for bona fide research purposes all materials that were used in the reported research and that were generated in the authors’ laboratories and that are not commercially available. This includes propagatable research materials (such as monoclonal antibodies, transgenic animals, and DNA probes and constructs) and, where possible, non-propagatable materials (for example, serum antibodies). Reasonable costs associated with the production and transfer of these materials should be provided by the recipient if the authors so request.
Such materials should be provided to qualified scientists for bona fide research purposes without restrictions. For example, no restriction may be placed on the kind of research to be done with such materials. Likewise, the person providing the materials should not require future authorship as a condition for this provision.
These guidelines apply to individuals in both the academic and private sectors, except that there is no requirement to provide materials to an individual intending to use them for commercialization.
In some cases, the replication and extension of published work may require materials that are not readily available. In such instances, the authors must make every effort to provide those materials to other qualified scientists. Authors who use materials that they obtain from another source should provide information about that source in the methods.
Authors should try to arrange to provide these materials for a significant period of time after publication.
Authors may, if possible, arrange to distribute materials through entities such as the American Type Culture Collection (Rockville, MD), data banks (e.g., for DNA sequences), or the Jackson Laboratory (Bar Harbor, ME).

Questions 

Please send questions about formatting or content to the Editorial Office at jaro.editor@gmail.com.

English Language Editing 

For editors and reviewers to accurately assess the work presented in your manuscript you need to ensure the English language is of sufficient quality to be understood. If you need help with writing in English you should consider:
  • Asking a colleague who is a native English speaker to review your manuscript for clarity.
  • Visiting the English language tutorial which covers the common mistakes when writing in English.
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    JARO is a peer-reviewed journal that publishes research findings from disciplines related to otolaryngology and communications sciences, including hearing, balance, speech and voice.   JARO welcomes submissions describing experimental research that investigates the mechanisms underlying problems of basic and/or clinical significance. 

    Authors are encouraged to familiarize themselves with the kinds of papers carried by JARO by looking at past issues.  Clinical case studies and pharmaceutical screens are not likely to be considered unless they reveal underlying mechanisms.  Methods papers are not encouraged unless they include significant new findings as well.  Reviews will be published at the discretion of the editorial board; consult the editor-in-chief before submitting. 

    Papers appear on-line at springerlink.com as soon as the author's galley proofs are returned to the publisher, and later in a print version.

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    Submission of a manuscript implies: that the work described has not been published before (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, review or thesis); that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere; that its publication has been approved by all coauthors, if any, as well as, tacitly or explicitly, by the responsible authorities at the institution where the work was carried out. Transfer of copyright to Association for Research in Otolaryngology becomes effective if and when the article is accepted for publication. The copyright covers the exclusive right (for U.S. government employees: to the extent transferable) to reproduce and distribute the article, including reprints, translations, photographic reproductions, microform, electronic form (offline, online) or other reproductions of similar nature.

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