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Provides a balanced emphasis on methods and applications that even specialists within various functional imaging fields will find useful
Contains a review of developments in technical features of dynamic multi-modal imaging and analytical tools for characterization of dynamic signals
Includes novel multi-modal applications in neuroimaging to epilepsy, with state-of-the-art demonstrations of increased sensitivity and specificity of detection
Examines examples of dynamic functional imaging of multiple brain areas (e.g., cerebral cortex, olfactory bulb, retina) using cutting-edge multi-modal techniques
The developing of in vivo neuroscience techniques is rapidly improving the specificity and sensitivity of measurements of brain function. However, despite improvements in individual methods, it is becoming increasingly clear that the most effective research approaches will be multi-modal. Thus, it is the researchers who are familiar with many in vivo techniques who will be able to make the most substantial contributions to our understanding of dynamic brain function.
In Dynamic Brain Imaging: Multi-Modal Methods and In Vivo Applications, leading experts specializing in magnetic resonance, electrophysiology, and optical imaging methods explain basic principles of their respective techniques and demonstrate their power in depicting functional activation patterns en route to a basic understanding of the dynamic processes underlying various neuroimaging signals. The novel results, from various species, provide a new understanding of dynamics of neural activity that span a wide spatiotemporal range. Numerous cutting-edge applications are used as examples to illustrate enticing possibilities of combining techniques toward studies of normal function and disease. Exclusive examples of dynamic functional imaging of the cerebral cortex, olfactory bulb, and retina are used to demonstrate the effectiveness of each method for applications to the neurosciences. State-of-the-art techniques described include multi-photon optical imaging, multi-array electrical recordings, heteronuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and functional magnetic resonance imaging.
Up-to-date and user-friendly, Dynamic Brain Imaging: Multi-Modal Methods and In Vivo Applications is designed to be accessible to both specialist neurophysiologists and general neuroscientists. It reviews the fundamental, theoretical, and practical principles of magnetic resonance, electrophysiology, and optical methods as applied in the neurosciences and shows how these tools can be used successfully to answer important questions in brain science.
I. Introduction 1. Dynamic imaging of brain function Fahmeed Hyder 2. Fractal characterization of complexity in dynamic signals: Application to cerebral hemodynamics Peter Herman, Laszlo Kocsis, Andras Eke II. Optical imaging 3. Wide-field and two-photon imaging of brain activity with voltage- and calcium-sensitive dyes Ryota Homma, Bradley J. Baker, Lei Jin, Olga Garaschuk, Arthur Konnerth, Lawrence B. Cohen, Chun X. Bleau, Dejan Zecevic 4. Two-photon imaging of capillary blood flow in olfactory bulb glomeruli Serge Charpak, Emmanuelle Chaigneau, Jérôme Lecoq, Pascale Tiret 5. Astrocytic calcium signaling: Mechanism and implications for functional brain imaging Xiaohai Wang, Takahiro Takano, Maiken Nedergaard 6. Using the light scattering component of optical intrinsic signals to visualize in vivo functional structures of neural tissues Uma Maheswari Rajagopalan, Kazushige Tsunoda, Manabu Tanifuji III. Electrophysiology 7. Methods for studying functional interactions among neuronal populations Nandakumar S. Narayanan, Mark Laubach 8. Magnetoencephalography (MEG) Andreas A. Ioannides 9. Functional neuroimaging of spike-wave seizures Joshua E. Motelow, Hal Blumenfeld IV. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) 10. Tactile and non-tactile sensory paradigms for fMRI and neurophysiologic studies in rodents Basavaraju G. Sanganahalli, Christopher J. Bailey, Peter Herman, Fahmeed Hyder 11. Using fMRI for elucidating dynamic interactions Yul-Wan Sung, Seiji Ogawa 12. Resting-state functional connectivity in animal models: Modulations by exsanguinations Bharat B. Biswal, SridharKannurpatti V. Alternate magnetic resonance methods 13. Dynamic magnetic resonance imaging of cerebral blood flow using arterial spin labeling Afonso C. Silva, Fernando F. Paiva 14. Dynamic MRI of small electrical activity Allen W. Song, Trong-Kha Truong, Marty Woldorff 15. Advanced in vivo heteronuclear MRS approaches for studying brain bioenergetics driven by mitochondria Xiao-Hong Zhu, Fei Du, Nanyin Zhang, Yi Zhang, Hao Lei, Xiaoliang Zhang, Hongyan Qiao, Kamil Ugurbil, Wei Chen