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Medicine - Neurology | Vertigo and Dizziness - Common Complaints

Vertigo and Dizziness

Common Complaints

Brandt, Thomas, Dieterich, Marianne, Strupp, Michael

2005, X, 150p. 3 illus. in color.

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  • About this book

  • Places special emphasis on treatments: drug, physical, operative or psychotherapeutic

After headache, vertigo and dizziness is the second most common complaint of patients. Vertigo is not a disease entity, but rather an unspecific syndrome consisting of various disorders with different causes. Most syndromes of vertigo can only be correctly diagnosed by means of a careful medical history and physical examination of the patient. The majority of these cases have a benign cause, a favorable natural course, and a positive response to therapy.

This short and concise, clinically-oriented book is for physicians of different specializations who treat patients with vertigo including neurologists and ENT specialists. Easy-to-use, it has an overview of the most important syndromes of vertigo, each with explanatory clinical descriptions and illustrations.

Target market: Physicians of different specializations who treat patients with vertigo including neurologists, neurootologic specialists, neuroophthalmology, otolaryngology, head and neck surgery, ophthalmology and ENT specialists, and general medicine practitioners.

Content Level » Research

Keywords » brainstem - diagnosis - head and neck surgery - magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) - medicine - migraine - neurology - nystagmus - otolaryngology - physiology - therapy - tomography - trauma - treatment - vertigo

Related subjects » Medicine - Neurology - Ophthalmology - Otorhinolaryngology

Table of contents 

1 INTRODUCTORY REMARKS 1.1 Vertigo or dizziness: multisensory syndromes 1.2 Patient history 1.3 Neuro-ophthalmological and neuro-otological examination 1.4 Apparative examinations 1.4.1 Electronystagmography (ENG) 1.4.2 Video-oculography 1.4.3 Neuro-orthoptic and psychophysical procedures 1.4.4 Audiometry 1.4.5 Other additional apparative examinations 1.4.6 Imaging of the petrous bone, the cerebellopontine angle, and the brainstem by means of computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging 1.5 General principles of therapy 2 PERIPHERAL VESTIBULAR FORMS OF VERTIGO 2.1 Benign paroxysmal positioning vertigo (BPPV) 2.1.1 Patient history 2.1.2 Clinical features and course 2.1.3 Pathophysiology and therapeutic principles 2.1.4 Pragmatic therapy 2.1.5 BPPV of the horizontal canal (h-BPPV) 2.1.6 Differential diagnosis and clinical problems 2.1.7 Central positional vertigo / nystagmus 2.2 Vestibular neuritis (acute partial unilateral vestibular failure) 2.2.1 Patient history 2.2.2 Clinical features and course 2.2.3 Pathophysiology and therapeutic principles 2.2.4 Pragmatic therapy 2.2.5 Differential diagnosis and clinical problems 2.3 Menière’s disease 2.3.1 Patient history 2.3.2 Clinical syndrome and course 2.3.3 Etiology, pathophysiology, and therapeutic principles 2.3.4 Pragmatic therapy 2.3.5 Differential diagnosis and clinical problems 2.4 Vestibular paroxysmia 2.4.1 Patient history 2.4.2 Clinical aspects and course 2.4.3 Etiology, pathophysiology, and therapeutic principles 2.4.4 Pragmatic therapy 2.4.5 Differential diagnosis and clinical problems 2.5 Bilateral vestibulopathy 2.5.1 Patient history 2.5.2 Clinical aspects and natural course 2.5.3 Etiology, pathophysiology, and therapeutic principles 2.5.4 Pragmatic therapy 2.5.5 Differential diagnosis and clinical problems 2.6 Perilymph fistulas 2.6.1 Patient history 2.6.2 Clinical aspects and course 2.6.3 Pathophysiology and therapeuticprinciples 2.6.4 Pragmatic therapy 2.6.5 Differential diagnosis and clinical problems 3 CENTRAL VESTIBULAR FORMS OF VERTIGO 3.1 Central vestibular syndromes 3.1.1 Clinical aspects, course of disease, pathophysiology, and therapeutic principles 3.1.2 Central vestibular syndromes in the three planes of action of the vestibulo-ocular reflex 3.2 Basilar migraine / vestibular migraine 3.2.1 Patient history 3.2.2 Clinical aspects and course 3.2.3 Pathophysiology and therapeutic principles 3.2.4 Pragmatic therapy 3.2.5 Ineffective treatments 3.2.6 Differential diagnosis and clinical problems 4 TRAUMATIC FORMS OF VERTIGO 4.1 Traumatic peripheral vestibular dizziness 4.2 Traumatic central vestibular forms of vertigo 4.3 Traumatic cervical vertigo 4.4 Post-traumatic psychogenic vertigo 5 PSYCHOGENIC FORMS OF VERTIGO AND DIZZINESS 5.1 Phobic postural vertigo 5.1.1 Patient history 5.1.2 Clinical aspects and course of the illness 5.1.3 Pathophysiology and therapeutic principles 5.1.4 Pragmatic therapy 5.1.5 Differential diagnosis and clinical problems 6 VARIOUS VERTIGO SYNDROMES 6.1 Vertigo / dizziness in childhood and hereditary vertigo syndromes 6.1.1 Benign paroxysmal vertigo of childhood 6.1.2 Familial episodic ataxia types 1 and 2 6.1.3 Motion sickness 6.2 Drug-induced vertigo 6.3 Cervicogenic vertigo 6.4 Motion sickness 6.4.1 Clinical aspects and pathogenesis 6.4.2 Course and therapy 6.4.3 Pragmatic therapy 6.5 Height vertigo 6.5.1 Syndromal aspects and pathogenesis 6.5.2 Course and therapy Index List of videos

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