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Medicine - Neurology | Critical Care Neurology and Neurosurgery

Critical Care Neurology and Neurosurgery

Suarez, Jose I., Bershad, Eric M., Rao, Chethan P Venkatasubba (Eds.)

2nd ed. 2015, 700 p.

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  • About this book

After the success of the first edition of Critical Care Neurology and Neurosurgery, I find myself at the helm of this second delivery of the salient advances in the field of neurocritical care. Since the first edition went into print, two major advances in the field have occurred. The first is the creation of the Neurocritical Care Society (www.neurocriticalcare.org) with a peer-reviewed journal published by Humana Press – Neurocritical Care. The second advance is the availability of a certifying examination and credentialing of training programs in neurocritical care via the United Council of Neurological Subspecialties –UCNS (www.ucns.org). These will certainly solidify the practice of caring for the critically ill neurologic and neurosurgical patient as a separate subspecialty. It is with this excitement that this second edition of this title is launched. The organization and length of this book has been changed to reflect discoveries in the field and to keep pace with significant advances. The book has been divided into three distinct sections following an introductory chapter on the basic definitions and triage of the critically ill neurologic and neurosurgical patient, similar to what was presented in the first edition. The primary market is practicing neurologists, neurosurgeons, and neuroanesthesiologists, in particular those with subspecialty interest in neurocritical care. Other clinicians with an interest in neurocritical care are pulmonologists, internists, general surgeons, and anesthesiologists with a subspecialty in critical care. Also neuroradiologists may find this book interesting and of help for their daily clinical practice. This book could also be translated and marketed in spanish and portuguese – speaking countries. There is no single textbook dedicated to neurocritical care in these two languages. I personally would undertake the translation and editing of those editions. The first section deals with the basic principles of neurocritical care and begins with recommendations for the organization of an up-to-date Neurosciences Critical Care Unit. This section will set the foundations for a good understanding of the complex interactions between the brain and different body systems. A discussion on common bioethical issues as well as clinical trial design and research databases is also presented. The second section encompasses common medical complications of the neurocritically ill patient. This section includes the addition of ten completely new chapters discussing the latest advances on secondary systemic complications. The third section presents chapters on frequent primary neurologic and neurosurgical diagnoses and updated therapeutic strategies. In regard to tables and figures/illustrations, I estimate each chapter will have 6 figures and 4-6 tables. I will encourage authors to use illustrations and will try to work with an illustrationist to maintain uniformity of all the graphs. Figures and graphs will be black and white except for appendices N10-12 like in the first edition. Finally, like the first edition, the book concludes with an appendix of different useful equations, tips, and scales that will become handy when working in the Neurosciences Critical Care Unit. One addition is an appendix summarizing the most frequently cited clinical trials in general and neurocritical care.

Content Level » Professional/practitioner

Related subjects » Anesthesiology - Neurology - Radiology - Surgery

Table of contents 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. Introduction: General Principles of Neurocritical Care
Jose I. Suarez, MD

2. Organization of a Neurosciences Critical
Care Unit
Chere Monique Chase, MD and John A. Ulatowski

3. Cerebral Blood Flow Physiology and Monitoring
Michel T. Torbey and Anish Bhardwaj

4. Cerebral Metabolism: Implications for Neurocritically Ill Patients
Maria Briones-Galang and Claudia Robertson

5. Cerebral Edema and Intracranial Dynamics: Monitoring and Management of
Intracranial Pressure and Cerebral Perfusion Pressure
Matthew Eccher and Jose I. Suarez, MD


6. Neurologic and Systemic Monitoring in the Neurosciences Critical Care Unit
Daniel W. Miller and Jose I. Suarez

7. Neuro-Ophthalmologic Evaluation of the Neurocritical Care Patient
TBD

8. Neuroimaging in Neuroemergencies
Jeffrey L. Sunshine and Robert W. Tarr

9. Cardiovascular Monitoring in the Neurosciences Critical Care Unit
Dinesh Arab, Jawad F. Kirmani, Andrew R. Xavier, Abutaher M. Yahia, Jose I. Suarez,
and Adnan I. Qureshi

10. Ventilatory Management in the Neurosciences Critical Care Unit
David L. McDonagh and Cecil O. Borel

11. Autonomic Disorders Requiring Intensive Care
Marek Buczek, Jose I. Suarez, and Thomas Chelimsky

12. Sedation and Analgesia in the Critically Ill Neurologic and Neurosurgical Patient
Mitzki K. Hemstreet, Jose I. Suarez, and Marek A. Mirski

13. Blood Pressure Management in the Neurocritical Care Patient
Wendy C. Ziai and Marek A. Mirski

14. Nutrition and Diet Therapy in the Neurosciences Critical Care Unit
Nancy A. Newman

15. Nursing Care in the Neurosciences Critical
Care Unit
Janice L. Hickman

16. Bioethical Issues in the Neurosciences Critical Care Unit
Jose I. Suarez and Stuart Youngner

17. Outcomes of Neurosciences Critical Care
Gene Sung

18. Clinical Trial Design in Neurocritical Care
Yuko Palesch, Ph.D., Renee Martin, Ph.D.

19. Electronic Health Records and Research Database in Neurocritical Care: Medical
Complications in the Neurosciences Critical Care Unit
Jose I Suarez, MD


20. Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome and Acute Lung Injury
Neil McIntyre, MD

 21. Electrolyte and Acid Base Disorders
Jose L Diaz, M.D.

22. Venous Thrombosis and Pulmonary Embolism
Olga H. Hernandez, M.D.

23. Acute Coronary Syndrome
Joseph Parillo, M.D.

24. Acute Renal Failure
William E Mitch, M.D.

25. Acute Abdomen and Gastrointestinal Bleeding
David Y Graham, M.D.

 26. Coagulopathies
George Lopez, M.D., Ph.D.

27. Sepsis
Janice Zimmerman, M.D.

28. Neuroendocrine Failure
Baha Araft, M.D.

29. Coma and Brain Death
Alexandros L. Georgiadis, Romergryko Geocadin, Jose I. Suarez, and Osama Zaidat

30. Endovascular Therapy and Neurosciences Critical Caret
Jawad F. Kirmani, Ricardo A. Hanel, Andrew R. Xavier, Abutaher M. Yahia

31. Neurointensive Care of the Acute Ischemic Stroke Patient
Neeraj Badjatia, Thanh N. Nguyen, Walter J. Koroshetz

32. Management of Nontraumatic Intracerebral Hemorrhage
Eliahu S. Feen, Aleksandyr W. Lavery, and Jose I. Suarez

33. Subarachnoid Hemorrhage
Nicholas C. Bambakidis and Warren R. Selman

34. Cerebral Venous Sinus Thrombosis
Zeyad Marcos and Sophia Sundararajan


35. Traumatic Head Injury
Sandra Kuniyoshi and Jose I. Suarez

36. Spinal Cord Injury and Related Disorders
Joy Derwenskus and Osama O. Zaidat

37. Postoperative Management in the Neurosciences Critical Care Unit
Tina Rodrigue and Warren R. Selman

38. Status Epilepticus
Dakshin Gullapalli and Thomas P. Bleck

39. Myasthenic Crisis
Nazli Janjua and Stephan A. Mayer

40. Critical Care of Guillain-Barre Syndrome
Michael T. Torbey and J. Ricardo Carhuapoma

41. Less Common Causes of Quadraparesis and Respiratory Failure
Michael T. Torbey, Jose I. Suarez, and Romergryko Geocadin

42. Infections of the Central Nervous System
Ronald G. Riechers, II, Abel D. Jarell, and Geoffrey S.F. Ling

43. Management of the Patient With Mitochondrial Disease in the Neurosciences Critical
Care Unit
Julio A. Chalela

44. Neurocritical Care During Pregnancy and Puerperium
Panayiotas N. Varelas and Lotfi Hacein-Bey


45. Appendices
Appendix A: Nursing Flow Sheet in the Neurosciences Critical Care Unit; Appendix B:
Useful Hemodynamic Parameters; Appendix C: Respiratory Parameters; Appendix D:
Interpretation of Biochemical Results of Plasma an Urine with Renal Insufficiency;
Appendix E: Renal Equations; Appendix F; Calcium and Magnesium Preparations;
Appendix G: Acid-Base Rules of Thumb; Appendix H: Differential Diagnosis of
Metabolic Acidosis; Appendix I: Composition of Common Intravenous Solutions in the
Neurosciences Critical Care Unit; Appendix J: Serum Concentrations of Frequently Used Drugs in the Neurosciences Critical Care Unit; Appendix K: Dosages in Renal Failure in the Neurosciences Critical Care Unit; Appendix L: Various Tube Feedings; Appendix M: Energy Requirements in Adult Patients; Appendix N: Useful Neurologic Physiologic Parameters and Scales Commonly Used in the Neurosciences Critical Care Unit; Appendix O: Summary of Most Commonly Cited Clinical Trials Pertaining the Practice of Neurocritical Care.

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