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Medicine - Neurology | The Basal Ganglia VI

The Basal Ganglia VI

Graybiel, Ann M., Delong, Mahlon R., Kitai, Stephen T. (Eds.)

2003, XVII, 685 p.

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This volume, the sixth in the IBAGS series, summarizes major contributions in clinical and basic research on the basal ganglia. The sixth meeting of the Society was held on Cape Cod, in the state of Massachusetts, USA, in October, 1998. Altogether 16 countries were represented by 227 participants. This volume contains papers contributed by participants. The focus of the sixth triennial IBAGS meeting, and of this volume, was to bring to­ gether leaders in basic and clinical science to address two sets of still-persisting questions in the field. The first set focuses on the functions of the basal ganglia in health and disease: What are the core functions of the basal ganglia and cortico-basal ganglia loops? How are these core functions disrupted in disorders affecting the basal ganglia? How do we account for the broad range of behaviors affected by basal ganglia disorders and for the increasing evidence that the basal ganglia influence cognitive as well as motor functions? These issues are addressed in the first five sections of the current volume, which summarize advances in the study of basal ganglia disorders based on studies in humans (Section 1), new results obtained with experimental animal models of basal ganglia disorders (Section 2), results of experiments on information coding in the basal ganglia (Section 3) and new information about functions of the basal ganglia related to learning and adaptive motor control (Section 4).

Content Level » Research

Keywords » Neuroscience - Parkinson - anatomy - dopamine - evolution - neural mechanisms - neurons - neurophysiology - neurosurgery - pathophysiology - physiology

Related subjects » Neurology - Neuroscience

Table of contents 

- Section I: Studies in Humans. 1. What has Stereotactic Surgery Taught Us About Basal Ganglia Function? D.J. Brooks. 2. Pathophysiology of the Internal Segment of the Globus Pallidus in Parkinson's Disease: What Have We Learned From Surgery? A.M. Lozano, et al. 3. Apomorphine Responses in Globus Pallidus and Subthalamus of Parkinsonian Patients Undergoing Stereotaxic Neurosurgery: Lack of Evidence for the So-Called Indirect Pathway; A. Stefani, et al. 4. Neuronal Activity of GPe in Parkinson's Disease: Is it Really Hypoactive? C. Ohye, et al. 5. Acute Effects of Levodopa and Pallidotomy on Bimanual Repetetive Arm Movements in Patients with Parkinson's Disease; R. Levy, et al. 6. Tremor in Parkinson's Disease: A Simplification in Network Dynamics? A. Beuter, R. Edwards.
- Section II: Animal Models. 10. Evolution of the Multiunit Activity of the Basal Ganglia in the Course of Dynamic Experimental Parkinsonism; E. Bezard, et al. 11. Evidence for Neuronal Dysfunction in a Mouse Model of Early Stages of Huntington's Disease; M.-F. Chesselet, et al. 12. Effects of GDNF on Nigrostriatal Dopamine Neurons: Experience from Rodent models of Parkinson's Disease; C. Rosenblad, et al. 13. A Role for the Vesicular Monoamine Transporter (VMAT2) in Parkinson's Disease; D.C. German, P.K. Sonsalla. 14. Quantitative Analysis and Behavioural Correlates of Lesioning of the Subthalmic Nucleus in the Hemiparkinsonian Marmoset; J.M. Henderson, et al. 15. Effects of Reversible Blockade of Pedunculopontine Tegmental Nucleus on Voluntary Arm Movement in Monkey; M. Matsumaru, K. Watanabe.
- Section III: Information Coding in the Basal Ganglia. 18. Surround Inhibition in the Basal Ganglia: A Brief Review; P. Redgrave, et al. 19. Surround Inhibition in the Basal Ganglia; J.R. Wickens. 20. Information Processing in the Cortico-Striato-Nigral Circuits of the Rat Basal Ganglia: Anatomical and Neurophysiological Aspects; S. Charpier, et al. 21. The Control of Spiking by Synaptic Input in Striatal and Pallidal Neurons; D. Jaeger. 22. Excitatory Cortical Inputs to Pallidal Neurons Through the Cortico-Subthalmo-Pallidal Hyperdirect Pathway in the Monkey; A. Nambu, et al. 23. TANs, PANs and STANs; B.D. Bennett, C.J. Wilson.
- Section IV: Learning Functions of the Basal Ganglia and Adaptive Motor Control. 26. Selection and the Basal Ganglia: A Role for Dopamine; P. Redgrave, et al. 27. Movement Inhibition and Next Sensory State Prediction in the Basal Ganglia; A. Bischoff-Grethe, et al. 28. Basal Ganglia Neural Coding of Natural Action Sequences; J.W. Aldridge, K.C. Berridge. 29. Activity of the Putamenal Neurons in the Monkey During the Sequential Stages of the Behavioural Task; B.F. Tolkunov, et al. 30. Learning-Selective Changes in Activity of the Basal Ganglia; M. Inase, et al. 31. Cognitive Decision Processes and Functional Characteristics of the Basal Ganglia Reward System; M. Shatner, et al.
- Section V: New Insights into the Anatomy of the Basal Ganglia. 36. Distribution of Substantia Nigra Pars Compacta Neurons With Respect to Pars Reticulata Striato-Nigral Afferences: Computer-assisted Three-dimensional Reconstructions; B. Banrezes, et al. 37. The Immunocytochemical Localization of Tyrosine Hydroxylase in the Human Striatum and Substantia Nigra: A Postmortem Ultrastructural Study; R.C. Roberts, et al. 38. Dendritic Changes in Medium Spiny Neurons of the Weaver Striatum: A Golgi Study; D.E. Smith, et al. 39. Early Corticostriatal Projections and Development of Striatal Patch/Matrix Organization; A. Snyder-Keller, et al. 40. Re-Evaluation of Markers for the Patch-Matrix Organization of the Mouse Striatum: Core and Shell in the Striatum; R.E. Harlan, et al. 41. Physiological and Morphological Classification of Single Neurons in Barrel Cortex with Axons in Neurostratum; E.A.M. Hutton, et al.
- Section VI: The Actions of Dopamine in the Basal Ganglia. 47. Effects of Dopamine Receptor Stimulation on Single Unit Activity in the Basal Ganglia; J.R. Walters, et al. 48. Immunocytochemical Characterization of Catecholaminergic Neurons in the Rat Striatum Following Dopamine Depleting Lesions; S. Totterdell, G.E. Meredith. 49. Actions of Dopamine on the Rat Striatal Cholinergic Interneurons; T. Aosaki. 50. Effect of Different Dopaminergic Agonists on the Activity of Pallidal Neurons in the Normal Monkey; T. Boraud, et al. 51. D2 Dopamine Receptor-deficient Mutant Mice: New Tools to Tease Apart Receptor Subtype Electrophysiology; M.S. Levine, et al.
- Section VII: Neurotransmitter Functions in the Basal Ganglia. 56. Immediate Early Gene (IEG) Induction in the Basal Ganglia upon Electrical Stimulation of the Cerebral Cortex: Involvement of the MAPkinase Pathway IEG Induction upon Cortico-Striatal Stimulation; M.J. Besson, et al. 57. Subsynaptic Localization of Group I Metabotropic Glutamate Receptors in the Basal Ganglia; Y. Smith, et al. 58. Localization and Physiological Roles of Metabotropic Glutamate Receptors in the Indirect Pathway; M.J. Marino, et al. 59. Nicotine Affects Striatal Glutamatergic Function in 6-OHDA Lesioned Rats; C.K. Meshul, et al. 60. Subcellular and Subsynaptic Localization of Glutamate Transporters in the Monkey Basal Ganglia; A. Charara, et al. 61. Endogenous Interaction of Glutamate and Dopamine in the Basal Ganglia of the Awake Rat During Aging; F. Mora, et al. 24 additional articles.

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