1997, XXV, 921 p. In 2 volumes, not available separately.
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The Yearbook compiles the most recent, widespread developments of experimental and clinical research and practice in one comprehensive reference book. The chapters are written by well recognized experts in the field of intensive care and emergency medicine. It is addressed to everyone involved in internal medicine, anesthesia, surgery, pediatrics, intensive care and emergeny medicine.
Content Level »Professional/practitioner
Keywords »Sepsis - anesthesia - brain injury - care - cerebral ischemia - complications - critical care - ethics - intensive care - internal medicine - mechanical ventilation - shock - surgery
Basic Mechanisms in Sepsis and ARDS.- Importance of Cell Wall Components of Gram-Positive Bacteria in Gram-Positive Septic Shock.- Inflammatory Responses During Human Endotoxemia.- Activation of Nuclear Factor-?B in Sepsis and ARDS.- The Cytokine Response to Hemorrhagic Shock.- Endothelial Cell Adhesion Molecule Expression in Acutely Inflamed Tissues.- TNF in Septic Shock and Cerebral Malaria.- Interleukin-1-Mediated Acute Lung Injury.- Cytokine-Networks and ARDS.- Disordered Apoptosis as a Mechanism for Adverse Outcome.- Apoptosis in the Resolution of Systemic Inflammation.- New Therapeutic Interventions in Sepsis.- Cytokine-Mediated Enhancement of Host Defense.- Is it Beneficial to Augment or to Inhibit Neutrophil Function in Severe Infections and Sepsis?.- Hemofiltration in Sepsis and Septic Shock.- Extracorporal Techniques to Accelerate Clearance of TNF-? and IL-1? in Septic Patients.- Clinical Trials for the Evaluation of Sepsis Therapies.- Outcome from Sepsis and Organ Failure.- Prognostic Factors in Pre-Septic States.- Determinants of Outcome from Sepsis and Septic Shock.- The Logistic Organ Dysfunction System.- Nitric Oxide.- Nitric Oxide: A Modulator of the Inflammation Response.- Cytokine Regulation of Inducible Nitric Oxide Synthase.- Activation of Poly-(ADP-Ribose) Synthetase by Peroxynitrite.- Clinical Effects of Cell-Free Hemoglobin, a Scavenger of Nitric Oxide, in Septic Shock.- Cardiovascular Failure in Sepsis.- Mechanisms of Decreased Cardiac Function in Sepsis.- Septic Myocardial Dysfunction: Role of Cytokines and Nitric Oxide.- O2 Transport in the Peripheral Circulation in Sepsis.- Use and Misuse of Catecholamines: Combination in Septic Shock Patients.- Cardiorespiratory Failure.- Cardiorespiratory Physiology and Pathophysiology in Pregnancy.- Pulmonary Embolism.- Cardiac Crisis.- Emergency Evaluation of Acute Ischemic Coronary Syndrome.- Serious Arrhythmias and Anesthesia.- Percutaneous Mechanical Circulatory Assistance.- Peri-Operative Applications of Transesophageal Echocardiography.- Fluid Administration.- Prehospital Fluid Replacement.- Volume Therapy: New Aspects of an Old Topic?.- Albumin Physiology in the Septic and Post-Operative Patient.- Effects of Hemoglobin in Sepsis.- Quality of Life Benefit from Avoiding Allogenic Blood Transfusion.- Airway Management.- Tracheostomy.- Percutaneous Dilatational Tracheostomy.- Ventilation with an Unprotected Airway During Cardiac Arrest.- Non-Invasive Ventilatory Support.- Non-Invasive Ventilation.- Workload of Non-Invasive Ventilation in Acute Respiratory Failure.- New Modes of Ventilatory Support in Spontaneously Breathing Intubated Patients.- Ventilatory Support.- Patient-Ventilator Interactions.- Hypoxemic Respiratory Failure.- Inflection Point and Alveolar Recruitment in ARDS.- Tracheal Gas Insufflation in ARDS.- Current Status of Prone Position in ARDS.- Experience in Liquid Ventilation.- Pulmonary Infections.- The Inflammatory Response in Pneumonia.- The Challenge of Pseudomonas aeruginosa Pneumonia.- Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infection in Children.- Rationale for Surfactant Therapy in Pneumonia.- Gut Dysfunction.- Intestinal Epithelial Hyperpermeability.- Regional Capnometry.- Assessment of Gastric Mucosal Perfusion by Laser-Doppler Flowmetry.- Severe Acute Necrotizing Pancreatitis.- Nutrition.- Early Enteral Feeding Improves Outcome.- Nutrition and Survival.- Neurologic Failure.- Focal Cerebral Ischemia.- Cerebral Blood Flow in Acute Brain Injury.- Guidelines for the Management of Severe Head Injury.- Management of the Severe Head Injury in Children.- Neuromuscular Complications of Prolonged Critical Care.- Emergencies.- Near Drowning in Children: How the Fittest will Survive.- SIRS in Heatstroke.- Teaching Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation in Europe.- Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy: Intensive Care in a Hostile Environment?.- The Medical Services at a Formula One Motoring Racing Grand Prix.- Renal Failure.- Nephrotoxic Acute Renal Dysfunction.- Post-Operative Management.- Immediate Post-Operative Care of Transplant Patients.- Cytokine Responses During Clinical Cardiopulmonary Bypass.- ICU Organization and Ethics.- Quality of Organization in Intensive Care Units.- Costs and Resource Utilization in Intensive Care.- Can Intensive Care Units be Compared?.- End-of-Life Decision-Making.