Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1998, XXI, 759 pp. 156 figs., 92 tabs.
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The Yearbook compiles the most recent, widespread developments of experimental and clinical research and practice in one comprehensive reference book. The chapters are written by well recognized experts in their field of intensive care and emergency medicine. It is addressed to everyone involved in internal medicine, anesthesia, surgery, pediattrics, intensive care and emergency medicine. (With approximately 90 contributions.)
Content Level »Professional/practitioner
Keywords »COPD - Emergency medicine - Internal medicine - Sepsis - Trauma
Host Responses in Sepsis and ARDS.- Balancing the Inflammatory Response in Sepsis.- Bactericidal/Permeability-Increasing Protein (BPI): Structure, Function, and Clinical Applications.- Inhibition of the Activation of Nuclear Factor-?B as a Novel Therapeutic Approach for SIRS and Septic Shock.- The Role of the Host Defense Response in the Progression and Outcome of ARDS.- The Role of Cytokines in the Pathogenesis of Pneumonia.- A Central Role of Interleukin-8 in the Pathogenesis of ARDS.- Neutrophil Myeloperoxidase: Effector of Host Defense and Host Damage.- NAD(P)H Oxidase in Non-Phagocytic Cells.- Gelatinases and Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome.- Cardiocirculatory Alterations.- Molecular Mechanisms of Action of Nitric Oxide in Heart Muscle.- Development of Myocardial Tolerance to Ischemia/Reperfusion and Septic Injury.- Endothelial Cell Dysfunction in Septic Shock.- Alterations of Important Regulators of Macro-and Microcirculation in the Critically Ill.- Microvascular Regulation of Tissue Oxygenation in Sepsis.- Selective Pharmacological Inhibition of Inducible Nitric Oxide Synthase in Experimental Septic Shock.- The Use of Dopamine and Norepinephrine in the ICU.- Oxygen Carriers.- The Red Blood Cell: New Ideas About an Old Friend.- Transfusion Requirements in Critical Care: A Multicenter Controlled Clinical Trial.- Artificial Oxygen Carriers.- Epidemiology and Markers of Sepsis — Clinical Trials.- Do We Really Know the Epidemiology and Clinical Course of Sepsis?.- Prognostic Markers in Sepsis.- Procalcitonin — An Indicator of Sepsis.- Is There a Role for Surrogate Markers in the Evaluation of Sepsis Trials.- Discourse on Method: Measuring the Value of New Therapies in Intensive Care.- Severe Infections.- Antimicrobial Therapy for ICU-Acquired Infection: Time for a Reappraisal.- Nosocomial Sinusitis: A Critical Appraisal of the Evidence.- The Importance of Initial Empiric Antibiotic Selection in Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia.- Why, When, and How to Prescribe a Combination of Antibiotics.- Prevention of Infections Associated with Vascular Catheters.- Management of Fever in Cancer Patients with Acquired Neutropenia.- Measuring Lung Mechanics.- Determination of Lung Volume in the ICU.- Chest Wall Mechanics: Methods of Measurement and Physiopathologie Insights.- Modes of Mechanical Ventilation.- Emergency Intubation: The Difficult Airway.- Control of Breathing During Assisted Mechanical Ventilation.- Proportional Assist Ventilation.- Pressure Controlled Ventilation (PCV): The Ideal Mode of Mechanical Ventilation?.- The Open Lung Concept.- Lung Stretching and Barotrauma.- Inflammatory Consequences of High Stretch Lung Injury.- Mechanical Ventilation-Induced Injury.- Barotraumatic Effects of Mechanical Ventilation.- Weaning from Mechanical Ventilation.- The Pathophysiology of Weaning Failure.- What Have We Learned About Weaning Over the Last Five Years.- Non-Invasive Mechanical Ventilation.- Non-Invasive Ventilation in Acute Respiratory Failure: Technological Issues.- Non-Invasive Nocturnal Mechanical Ventilation: Is it Feasible for COPD Patients?.- Lung Perfusion — Inhaled Nitric Oxide.- Distribution of Pulmonary Perfusion in Healthy and Injured Lungs.- The Administration and Measurement of Nitric Oxide During Mechanical Ventilation.- Inspiratory Nitric Oxide Concentration Fluctuation During Inhalational NO Administration.- Effects of Inhaled Nitric Oxide on Circulating Blood Cells.- Acid-Base — Lactate Metabolism.- Recent Advances in Acid-Base Physiology Applied to Critical Care.- Pivotal Role of Lactate in Aerobic Energy Metabolism.- Metabolism.- Skeletal Muscle in Critical Illness.- Metabolic Requirements of the Neurosurgical Patient.- Enteral Nutrition in the Critically 111 Patient: A Practical Approach.- Immunonutrition in Cancer Surgical Patients.- The Gut.- Ischemia/Reperfusion of the Gut.- Stress Ulceration in the Critically Ill Population.- Hemodynamic Management of Gastric Intramucosal Acidosis in Septic Patients.- Intra-Abdominal Hypertension and Intensive Care.- Head Trauma.- Pharmacological Augmentation of Endogenous Neuroprotective Responses after Traumatic Brain Injury.- Experimental and Clinical Neuroprotection: An Update.- Cerebral Extraction Monitoring in Brain Injury.- Surgery and Obstetrics.- Pediatric Problems in Heart Surgery.- Crises in Pre-Eclampsia.- ICU Performance — Evaluation.- Performance of the ICU: Are We Able to Measure it?.- Evidence-Based Medicine: The Wolf in Sheep’s Clothing.