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The Yearbook compiles the most recent, widespread developments of experimental and clinical research and practice in one comprehensive reference book. The chapters are written by recognized experts in the field of intensive care and emergency medicine. It is addressed to everyone involved in internal medicine, anesthesia, surgery, pediatrics, intensive care and emergency medicine.
Content Level »Professional/practitioner
Keywords »anesthesia - care - emergency medicine - intensive care - internal medicine - surgery
Sepsis.- Sepsis and Inflammation: The Process of Dying from Critical Illness.- Recognition of Bacteria and Bacterial Products by Host Immune Cells in Sepsis.- Endotoxin Immune Status and Protection Against Multiple Organ Dysfunction Syndrome in the Surgical Patient.- Cardiovascular Function in Septic Shock.- Changes in Cardiac Signal Transduction in Septic Shock.- Recent Advances in the Hemodynamic Therapy of Septic Shock.- Immunotherapy.- Cytokine Gene Polymorphism in Infectious and Inflammatory Diseases.- Neutrophil-induced Oxidative Stress.- Antioxidant Therapy in Critical Illness.- Interleukin-10 Production during Septic Shock.- Potential Role for Human Interleukin-11 in Bacterial Sepsis.- Cellular Response to Inflammation and its Antagonism by ?2-Adrenoceptor Agonists.- Sepsis Treatment and Prophylaxis with Immunoglobulins: A Critical Appraisal.- Low Dose G-CSF to Augment Host Defense and Counteract Progression in Sepsis.- Rethinking the Anti-Inflammatory Approach to Septic Shock.- Immunotherapy of Severe Sepsis and Septic Shock: Is there a Future?.- Gut Dysfunction.- Intestinal Ischemia/Reperfusion: A Role for Mast Cells and Neutrophils.- Bacterial Translocation: Cause or Effect of Multiple Organ Failure?.- Gut Oxygenation after Reduced Oxygen Delivery.- Peri-Operative Gastrointestinal Tonometry.- Prokinetic Use to Facilitate Enteral Feeding.- Early Postinjury Enteral Nutrition: Does it make a Difference?.- Oxygen Availability.- The Cell, the Mitochondrion, Oxygen and Sepsis.- The Role of Microcirculation in Sepsis.- Sepsis, Anemia, and Tissue O2 Availability.- Critical Analysis of Venoarterial CO2 Gradient as a Marker of Tissue Hypoxia.- Does Cardiovascular Optimization Reduce Mortality?.- Hepato-splanchnic Blood Flow.- Pressure-Flow Relationships in Liver Vascular Beds during Sepsis.- ?-Adrenergic Drugs to improve Gastrointestinal Mucosal Blood Flow in Sepsis.- Role of Nitric Oxide.- Role of Nitric Oxide in the Pathogenesis of Gram-Positive Shock.- Nitric Oxide Involvement in Septic Shock: Do Human beings behave like Rodents?.- Nitric Oxide: Effects on the Airways.- Respiratory Failure.- A Broader View of ARDS.- Strategies to minimize Alveolar Stretch Injury during Mechanical Ventilation.- Lung Protective Ventilatory Strategies in ARDS.- Positive End-Expiratory Pressure and Permissive Hypercapnia in ARDS.- Methods to improve Matching between Ventilation and Perfusion during Ventilatory Support in ARDS.- Pharmacologic Approach of Hypoxemia in ARDS Patients.- Airflow Obstruction.- Management of Life-Threatening Airflow Obstruction.- Airway Resistance and Bronchodilator Responsiveness in ARDS.- Mechanical Ventilation.- Conditioning of Air in Mechanically Ventilated Patients.- New Histopathological Aspects of Human Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia.- Infectious Vignettes.- Necrotizing Fasciitis.- Acinetobacter Infections in Intensive Care Units.- Fungal Infections.- Fungal Infection in the Organ Transplant Recipient: Challenges and Opportunities.- When to Start Antifungal Therapy in the Non-Neutropenic Critically Ill?.- Cardiovascular Failure.- Hemorrhage and Injury: Cardiovascular and Regional Blood Flow Responses.- Myocardial Ischemia.- Detection of Myocardial Viability and Inducible Ischemia with Dobutamine.- Continuous Electrocardiographic Monitoring for Myocardial Ischemia.- Do ACE Inhibitors have a Place in the Critically Ill?.- Hematologic Failure.- Critical Hematocrit.- Acquired Coagulopathies.- Liver Failure.- Acetaminophen Overdose and Acute Liver Failure: Modern Management.- Kidney Failure.- Renal Rescue: Management of Impending Renal Failure.- Continuous High Flux Dialysis: An Efficient Renal Replacement.- Brain Failure.- Non-traumatic Coma and Status Epilepticus in Infants and Children.- Guidelines for Management of Severe Head Injury in Adults.- Goal-Directed Therapy in Neurotrauma.- How to Interpret Jugular Bulb Oximetry.- New Treatment Modalities to Improve Outcome after Subarachnoid Hemorrhage.- Analgesia and Sedation.- Pain Measurement in Children.- Pharmacokinetics and Drug-Protein Binding.- Emergency Medicine.- The Role of Emergency Medical Services in Mass Casualties.- Overview of 10 Years (1983–1992) of Poisoning Data.- Resuscitation.- Resuscitation Decisions.- Active Compression-Decompression Resuscitation.- Outcome Prediction.- Customized Probability Models for Early Severe Sepsis in Adult Intensive Care Patients.- Neural Networks: A New Tool for Predictive Models.- Today and Tomorrow.- Expanding the Role of Intensive Care Medicine.- Internet as a New Source of Information in the Intensive Care Field.