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The Yearbook compiles the most recent developments in experimental and clinical research and practice in one comprehensive reference book. The chapters are written by well recognized experts in the field of intensive care and emergency medicine. It is addressed to everyone involved in internal medicine, anesthesia, surgery, pediatrics, intensive care and emergency medicine.
Content Level »Professional/practitioner
Keywords »Emergency Medicine - Hemodynamic Monitoring - Intensive Care Unit - Internal medicine - Respiratory Failure - Sepsis
Biomarkers.- The Diagnosis of Sepsis: The Present and The Future.- Procalcitonin: Nice to Know, Need to know, or Needs Further Research?.- Diagnostic and Prognostic Value of Hormokines as Biomarkers in Severe Infections.- Novel Biomarkers and the Outcome from Critical Illness and Major Surgery.- Molecular Approaches to Detection of Bacteria in Critical Care Patients.- Sepsis and Infection: Management.- Understanding and Optimizing Outcome in Neonates with Sepsis and Septic Shock.- Effects of Vasoactive Agents on the Gastrointestinal Microcirculation in Septic Shock.- Hemodynamic Effects of Activated Protein C in Septic Shock.- Adrenomedullin in the Treatment of Cardiovascular Dysfunction and Sepsis.- Antioxidants for the Treatment of Endothelial Dysfunction in Critical Illness.- Plasma Cortisol: Time to Look Deeper?.- Glucose Control and Monitoring in the ICU.- Severe Lung Infections.- Current Concepts of Severe Pneumococcal Community-acquired Pneumonia.- Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit.- Pneumocystis Pneumonia in Non-AIDS Immunocompromised Patients.- Mechanisms of Organ Dysfunction.- The Role of Neutrophil-Derived Myeloperoxidase in Organ Dysfunction and Sepsis.- Are Mitochondria Responsible for Improved Outcomes in Recent Studies?.- The Impact of Chronic Disease on Response to Infection.- Immunomodulatory Effects of General Anesthetics.- Critical Illness Stress-induced Immune Suppression.- Transcription Factors and Nuclear Cofactors in Muscle Wasting.- Organ Dysfunction in the ICU: A Clinical Perspective.- Lipids.- Sphingolipid Metabolism in Systemic Inflammation.- Statins in Sepsis and Acute Lung Injury.- Potential Mechanisms by which Statins Modulate the Development of Acute Lung Injury.- Acute Lung Injury.- Matrix Metalloproteinases in Acute Lung Injury.- The Role of Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor in Lung Injury and Repair.- Cell Regeneration in Lung Injury.- The Extracellular Matrix of the Lung: The Forgotten Friend!.- Mechanical Ventilation.- Advances in Translaryngeal Tube Technology.- Is One Fixed Level of Assist Sufficient to Mechanically Ventilate Spontaneously Breathing Patients?.- Patient-ventilator Interaction During Non-invasive Ventilation with the Helmet Interface.- Protective Ventilation in Respiratory Failure.- Dynamic Lung Imaging Techniques in Mechanically Ventilated Patients.- Can We Protect the Lung from Acute Injury?.- Rationale for High-Frequency Oscillation as a Primary Lung-Protective Mode in Patients with ALI/ARDS.- The Role of Protective Ventilation in Cardiac Surgery Patients.- Alveolar Pressure/volume Curves Reflect Regional Lung Mechanics.- Cardiovascular Topics.- Cardiovascular Surgery in the Aging World.- Intensive Care Unit Arrhythmias.- Diastolic (Dys)Function in Sepsis.- Autonomic Dysfunction: A Relevant Component in Multiple Organ Dysfunction Syndrome.- Hemodynamic Monitoring.- The Use of Hemodynamic Monitoring to Improve Patient Outcomes.- Using Mathematical Models to Improve the Utility of Quantitative ICU Data.- The Meaning of Hemodynamic Monitoring in Patients with Shock: Role of Echocardiography.- Transpulmonary Thermodilution for Advanced Cardiorespiratory Monitoring.- Using Heart-Lung Interactions for Functional Hemodynamic Monitoring: Important Factors beyond Preload.- Diagnosis of Central Hypovolemia in a Spontaneously Breathing Patient.- Assessment of Fluid Responsiveness in Spontaneously Breathing Patients.- Passive Leg Raising.- Extravascular Lung Water Measurement.- Intravenous Fluid Therapy.- Fluid Management in Sepsis: Colloids or Crystalloids?.- Balanced Volume Replacement Strategy: Fact or Fiction?.- Renal Failure.- Cystatin C as a Marker of Renal Function in Critically Ill Patients at Risk for or with Acute Renal Failure.- Adjustment of Antimicrobial Regimen in Critically Ill Patients Undergoing Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy.- Abdominal Pathologies.- Abdominal Compartment Syndrome.- Gut Absorption Capacity in the Critically Ill.- The Liver.- Critical Illness and the Hepatic Microcirculation: A Review.- The Hepatic Response to Severe Injury.- The Management of Liver Trauma.- The Pathology and Management of Intracranial Hypertension in Acute Liver Failure.- Neurological Issues.- Continuous EEG Monitoring in the ICU.- The Acute and Chronic Management of Large Cerebral Infarcts.- Cooling Therapies after Neuronal Injury: Direct Brain Cooling and Systemic Hypothermia.- Non-traumatic Subarachnoid Hemorrhage.- Promising Concepts in Subarachnoid Hemorrhage.- Nitric Oxide Metabolism after Traumatic Brain Injury.- Modulation of Blood Pressure in Traumatic Brain Injury.- The Delirious Patient in the ICU.- Management of Burns.- Emergency Room and Acute Care of the Critically Ill Burned Patient.- Early Manipulation of Metabolic Changes due to Severe Burns in Children.- Antithrombin in Burn Trauma.- Hematological Alterations.- The Critically Ill Red Blood Cell.- Red Blood Cell Transfusion in the Pediatric ICU.- Thrombocytopenia in Intensive Care Patients.- Point-of-care Coagulation Monitoring: Current Status of Viscoelastic Techniques.- Monitoring of Hemostasis in Emergency Medicine.- Oral Anticoagulant Overdose and Bleeding Risk.- Does Sex Make a Difference?.- Insight into the Mechanism of Gender-specific Response to Trauma-hemorrhage.- Sex-Related Differences in Response to Global Ischemic Insult and Treatment.- Influence of Gender on Outcome of Severe Sepsis.- Prognosis and Long-term Outcomes.- The Changing Prognostic Determinants in the Critically Ill Patient.- Chronic Critical Illness.- To be or not to be ... Vegetative.- Quality and Management.- Intermediate Respiratory Care Units.- The Impact of Noise in the Intensive Care Unit.- Alarms: Transforming a Nuisance into a Reliable Tool.- Ethical and Legal Dilemmas in Accessing Critical Care Services.- Emergency Care for the VIP Patient.- Brain Death: Compliance, Consequences and Care of the Adult Donor.- Disasters.- Update on Avian Influenza for Critical Care Physicians.- Critical Care Pandemic Preparedness Primer.- Pathobiology of Blast Injury.- Personal Reflections on Emergency Preparedness and the Response to A Major Natural Disaster: Hurricane Katrina.
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