The manuscripts should be accompanied by a cover letter stating: that the work described has not been published before; that it is not under consideration for publication anywhere else; that its publication has been approved by all co-authors, if any, as well as by the responsible authorities – tacitly or explicitly – at the institute where this work has been carried out. The publisher will not be held legally responsible should there be any claims for compensation.
Before submitting work for publication, authors whose first language is not English should seek the assistance of a colleague who is a native speaker of English and is familiar with the field of work.
The certification form must be submitted to the journal’s editorial office by uploading it as a PDF file when you submit your manuscript via Editorial Manager.
IMPORTANT: Upon receipt of the Certification for Manuscript Submission, manuscripts are officially recognized as submissions.
Authors wishing to include figures, tables, or text passages that have already been published elsewhere are required to obtain permission from the copyright owner(s) and to attach the permission when submitting their papers. Any material received without such evidence will be assumed to originate from the authors.
Authors should submit their manuscripts online. Connect directly to the site and upload all of your manuscript files following the instructions given on the screen.
The title page should include:
-A concise and informative title
-The name(s) of the author(s)
-The affiliation(s) and address(es) of the author(s)
-The e-mail address, telephone and fax numbers of the corresponding author
Manuscripts should be submitted in Word.
•Use a normal, plain font (e.g., 10-point Times Roman) for text.
•Use italics for emphasis.
•Do not use double-byte characters.
•Use the automatic page-numbering function to number the pages in the bottom margin (footer).
•Do not use field functions.
•Use tab stops or other commands for indents, not the space bar.
•Use the table function, not spreadsheets, to make tables.
•Use the equation editor or MathType for equations.
Use no more than three levels of displayed headings.
Abbreviations should be defined at first mention and used consistently thereafter.
Acknowledgments of people, grants, funds, etc. should be placed in a separate section before the reference list. The names of funding organizations should be written in full.
•Always use internationally accepted signs and symbols for units (SI units).
•Use generic names of drugs and pesticides.
•Use the standard mathematical notation for formulae, symbols etc.: Italic for single letters that denote mathematical constants, variables, and unknown quantities. Roman/upright for numerals, operators, and punctuation, and commonly defined functions or abbreviations, e.g., cos, det, e or exp, lim, log, max, min, sin, tan, d (for derivative). Bold for vectors, tensors, and matrices.
Reference citations in the text should be identified by numbers in square brackets.
1. Negotiation research spans many disciplines .
2. This effect has been widely studied [1-3, 7].
The list of references should only include works that are cited in the text and that have been published or accepted for publication. Personal communications and unpublished works should only be mentioned in the text. Do not use footnotes or endnotes as a substitute for a reference list.
The entries in the list should be numbered consecutively. For each entry, list up to three authors and then use "et al."
Smith JJ. The world of science. Am J Sci. 1999;36:234–5.
•Article by DOI
Slifka MK, Whitton JL. Clinical implications of dysregulated cytokine production. J Mol Med. 2000. doi:10.1007/s001090000086.
Blenkinsopp A, Paxton P. Symptoms in the pharmacy: a guide to the management of common illness. 3rd ed. Oxford: Blackwell Science; 1998.
Wyllie AH, Kerr JFR, Currie AR. Cell death: the significance of apoptosis. In: Bourne GH, Danielli JF, Jeon KW, editors. International review of cytology. London: Academic; 1980. p. 251–306.
Doe J. Title of subordinate document. In: The dictionary of substances and their effects. Royal Society of Chemistry. 1999. http://www.rsc.org/dose/title of subordinate document. Accessed 15 Jan 1999.
Always use the standard abbreviation of a journal’s name according to the ISSN List of Title Word Abbreviations, available at http://www.issn.org/2-22660-LTWA.php
•All tables are to be numbered using Arabic numerals.
•Tables should always be cited in text in consecutive numerical order.
•For each table, supply a table title that explains the components clearly and concisely.
•Identify any previously published material by giving the original source in the form of a reference at the end of the table title.
•Footnotes to tables should be indicated by superscript lowercase letters (or asterisks for significance values and other statistical data) and included beneath the table body.
•All abbreviations used in tables should be explained in footnotes.
Figures must clearly support the content of the article.
•Supply all figures in one of the following formats: TIFF, JPEG, EPS, PDF, Word, Excel, PowerPoint. For detailed instructions in preparing figures electronically, follow the link (http://www.springer.com/12574) to the specific instructions for artwork.
•Do not include titles or captions in your figures (they should be included at the end of the main text).
•Name your figure files with "Fig" and the figure number, e.g., Fig1.eps.
•Use of color art is free of charge both in print and online.
•Color illustrations should be submitted as RGB (8 bits per channel).
•All figures are to be numbered using Arabic numerals.
•Figures should always be cited in the text in consecutive numerical order.
•Figure parts should be denoted by lowercase letters (a, b, c, etc.). If illustrations are supplied with uppercase labeling, lowercase letters will still be used in the figure captions and citations.
•If an appendix appears in your article and it contains one or more figures, continue the consecutive numbering of the main text. Do not number the appendix figures, "A1, A2, A3, etc."
•Each figure should have a concise caption describing accurately what the figure depicts.
•Figure captions begin with the term Fig. in bold type, followed by the figure number, also in bold type.
•No punctuation is to be included after the number, nor is any punctuation to be placed at the end of the caption.
•Identify previously published material by giving the original source in the form of a reference citation at the end of the figure caption.
- Electronic supplementary material
If electronic supplementary material (ESM) is submitted, it will be published, as received from the author, in the online version only. ESM may consist of
•information that cannot be printed: animations, video clips, sound recordings, etc.
•information that is more convenient in electronic form: sequences, spectral data, etc.
•large amounts of original data, additional tables, illustrations, etc.
The text must make specific mention of any ESM in a citation, similar to that for figures and tables (e.g., “as shown in Animation 3.”). For details on formats and other information, follow the link (http://www.springer.com/12574) to the specific instructions for electronic supplementary material.
If you are asked to revise your paper, please submit it in a Word file (pdf file is not acceptable). When preparing your revised manuscript, you should carefully consider the reviewers' comments, and submit a list of point-by-point responses to the comments. Your list of responses should be included in the cover letter and uploaded as a separate file in addition to your revised manuscript. In the revised manuscript, use the “Track Changes” (Henkourireki no kiroku) function of Microsoft Word to show the revision history to indicate revisions/additions/deletions. Do not use a strikethrough to show those changes.