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Mathematics - Geometry & Topology | Geometric Trilogy - Axiomatic, Algebraic and Differential Approaches to Geometry

Geometric Trilogy

Axiomatic, Algebraic and Differential Approaches to Geometry

Borceux, Francis

2013, 1350 p. 3 volume-set.

Hardcover
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  • Focuses on historical aspects
  • Supports contemporary approaches of the three aspects of axiomatic geometry: Euclidean, non-Euclidean and projective
  • Includes full solutions to all famous historical problems of classical geometry and hundreds of figures
The Trilogy intends to introduce the reader to the multiple complementary aspects of geometry, paying attention to the historical birth and growth of the ideas and results, and concluding with a contemporary presentation of the various topics considered. Three essentially independent volumes approach geometry via the axiomatic, the algebraic and the differential points of view. The “ruler and compass” approach to geometry, developed by the Greek mathematicians of the Antiquity, remained the only reference in Geometry – and even in Mathematics -- for more than two millenniums. The fruitless efforts for solving the so-called “classical problems” of Greek geometry lead eventually to a deeper reflection on the axiomatic bases of geometry, and in particular to the discovery of projective geometry and non-Euclidean geometries. During the Renaissance, mathematicians start liberating themselves from the “ruler and compass” dogma and use algebraic techniques to investigate geometric situations. The nineteenth century, with the birth of linear algebra and the theory of polynomials, opens new doors and in particular, the fascinating world of algebraic curves. The introduction of differential calculus during the eighteenth century allows widening considerably the range of curves and surfaces considered. The notion of curvature –under multiple forms -- imposes itself as an essential tool for studying the properties of curves and surfaces. And a keen study of some geometrical properties of surfaces gives rise to the theory of algebraic topology. This trilogy is of interest to all those who have to teach or study geometry and need to have a good global overview of the numerous facets of this fascinating topic. It provides both the intuitive and the technical ingredients needed to find one’s way through Euclidean, non-Euclidean, projective, algebraic or differential geometry at a high level.

Content Level » Research

Keywords » affine geometry - axiomatic geometry - differential geometry - history of geometry

Related subjects » Geometry & Topology - History of Mathematical Sciences

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