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Mathematics - Dynamical Systems & Differential Equations | Crack Theory and Edge Singularities

Crack Theory and Edge Singularities

Kapanadze, D. V., Schulze, Bert-Wolfgang

2003, XXVII, 485 p.

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  • About this book

Boundary value problems for partial differential equations playa crucial role in many areas of physics and the applied sciences. Interesting phenomena are often connected with geometric singularities, for instance, in mechanics. Elliptic operators in corresponding models are then sin­ gular or degenerate in a typical way. The necessary structures for constructing solutions belong to a particularly beautiful and ambitious part of the analysis. Cracks in a medium are described by hypersurfaces with a boundary. Config­ urations of that kind belong to the category of spaces (manifolds) with geometric singularities, here with edges. In recent years the analysis on such (in general, stratified) spaces has become a mathematical structure theory with many deep relations with geometry, topology, and mathematical physics. Key words in this connection are operator algebras, index theory, quantisation, and asymptotic analysis. Motivated by Lame's system with two-sided boundary conditions on a crack we ask the structure of solutions in weighted edge Sobolov spaces and subspaces with discrete and continuous asymptotics. Answers are given for elliptic sys­ tems in general. We construct parametrices of corresponding edge boundary value problems and obtain elliptic regularity in the respective scales of weighted spaces. The original elliptic operators as well as their parametrices belong to a block matrix algebra of pseudo-differential edge problems with boundary and edge conditions, satisfying analogues of the Shapiro-Lopatinskij condition from standard boundary value problems. Operators are controlled by a hierarchy of principal symbols with interior, boundary, and edge components.

Content Level » Research

Keywords » Boundary value problem - analytic function - differential calculus - differential operator - manifold

Related subjects » Analysis - Applications - Dynamical Systems & Differential Equations

Table of contents 

Preface. Introduction. 1: Boundary value problems with the transmission property. 1.1. Symbolic calculus and pseudo-differential operators. 1.2. Parameter-dependent boundary value problems. 1.3. General kernel cut-off constructions. 1.4. Notes and complementary remarks. 2: Operators on manifolds with conical singularities. 2.1. Mellin operators and cone asymptotics. 2.2. The cone algebra. 2.3. Analytic functionals and asymptotics. 2.4. Notes and complementary remarks. 3: Operators on manifolds with exits to infinity. 3.1. Scalar operators. 3.2. Calculus with operator-valued symbols. 3.3. Boundary value problems on manifolds with exits to infinity. 3.4. Notes and complementary remarks. 4: Boundary value problems on manifolds with edges. 4.1. Manifolds with edges and typical operators. 4.2. Weighted Sobolov spaces. 4.3. Operator conventions in the edge pseudo-differential calculus. 4.4. Operator-valued edge symbols. 4.5. The algebra of edge boundary value problems. 4.6. Further material on edge operators. 4.7. Notes and complementary remarks. 5: Crack theory. 5.1. Differential operators in crack configurations. 5.2. Parameter-dependent calculus in the model cone. 5.3. Local crack theory. 5.4. The global calculus. 5.5. Notes and complementary remarks. Bibliography. List of Symbols. Index.

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