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Mathematics - Analysis | Positive Trigonometric Polynomials and Signal Processing Applications

Positive Trigonometric Polynomials and Signal Processing Applications

Dumitrescu, Bogdan Alexandru

2007, XIV, 241 p.

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Efficient optimization methods can be employed to solve diverse problems involving polynomials. This book gathers the main recent results on positive trigonometric polynomials within a unitary framework. The theoretical results are obtained partly from the general theory of real polynomials, partly from self-sustained developments. The optimization applications cover a field different from that of real polynomials, mainly in signal processing problems: design of 1-D and 2-D FIR or IIR filters, design of orthogonal filterbanks and wavelets, stability of multidimensional discrete-time systems.

The book has two parts: theory and applications. The theory of sum-of-squares trigonometric polynomials is presented unitarily based on the concept of Gram matrix (extended to Gram pair or Gram set). The presentation starts by giving the main results for univariate polynomials, which are later extended and generalized for multivariate polynomials. The applications part is organized as a collection of related problems that use systematically the theoretical results.

All the problems are brought to a semidefinite programming form, ready to be solved with algorithms freely avai

Content Level » Research

Keywords » Interpolation - Positive trigonometric polynomials - algorithms - filter design - multidimensional systems - optimization - semidefinite programming - signal processing - sum-of-squares polynomials

Related subjects » Analysis - Circuits & Systems - Computational Intelligence and Complexity - Geometry & Topology - Mathematics - Signals & Communication

Table of contents 

1. Positive polynomials. 1.1 Types of polynomials. 1.2 Positive polynomials. 1.3 Toeplitz positivity conditions. 1.4 Positivity on an interval. 1.5 Details and other facts. 1.6 Bibliographical and historical notes. 2. Gram matrix representation. 2.1 Parameterization of trigonometric polynomials. 2.2 Optimization using the trace parameterization. 2.3 Toeplitz quadratic optimization. 2.4 Duality. 2.5 Kalman-Yakubovich-Popov lemma. 2.6 Spectral factorization from a Gram matrix. 2.7 Parameterization of real polynomials. 2.8 Choosing the right basis. 2.9 Interpolation representations. 2.10 Mixed representations. 2.11 Fast algorithms. 2.12 Details and other facts. 2.13 Bibliographical and historical notes. 3. Multivariate polynomials. 3.1 Multivariate polynomials. 3.2 Sum-of-squares multivariate polynomials. 3.3 Sum-of-squares of real polynomials. 3.4 Gram matrices of trigonometric polynomials. 3.5 Sum-of-squares relaxations. 3.6 Gram matrices from partial bases. 3.7 Gram matrices of real multivariate polynomials. 3.8 Pairs of relaxations. 3.9 The Gram pair parameterization. 3.10 Polynomials with matrix coefficients. 3.11 Details and other facts. 3.12 Bibliographical and historical notes. 4. Polynomials positive on domains. 4.1 Real polynomials positive on compact domains. 4.2 Polynomials positive on frequency domains. 4.3 Bounded Real Lemma. 4.4 Positivstellensatz. 4.5 Details and other facts. 4.6 Bibliographical and historical notes. 5. Design of FIR filters. 5.1 Design of FIR filters. 5.2 Design of 2-D FIR filters. 5.3 FIR deconvolution. 5.4 Bibliographical and historical notes. 6. Orthogonal filterbanks. 6.1 Two-channel filterbanks. 6.2 Signal-adapted wavelets. 6.3 GDFT modulated filterbanks. 6.4 Bibliographical and historical notes. 7. Stability. 7.1 Multidimensional stability tests. 7.2 Robust stability. 7.3 Convex stability domains. 7.4 Bibliographical and historical notes. 8. Design of IIR filters. 8.1 Magnitude design of IIR filters. 8.2 Approximate linear-phase designs. 8.3 2D IIR filter design. 8.4 Bibliographical and historical notes Appendix A: semidefinite programming. Appendix B: spectral factorization. References.

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