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Materials - Surfaces, Interfaces, Thin Films, Corrosion, Coatings | Interatomic Potential and Structural Stability - Proceedings of the 15th Taniguchi Symposium,

Interatomic Potential and Structural Stability

Proceedings of the 15th Taniguchi Symposium, Kashikojima, Japan, October 19–23, 1992

Terakura, Kiyoyuki, Akai, Hisazumi (Eds.)

Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1993, X, 223 pp. 92 figs.

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  • About this book

Structural stability is of fundamental importance in materials science. Up-to-date information on the theoretical aspects of phase stability of materials is contained in this volume. Most of the first-principles calculations are based on the local-density approximation (LDA). In contrast, this volume contains very recent results of "going beyond LDA", such as the density gradient expansion and the quantum Monte-Carlomethod. Following the recently introduced theoretical methods for the calculation of interatomic potentials, forces acting on atoms and total energies such as the Car-Parrinello, the effective-medium and the bond-ordermethod, attempts have been made to develop even more sophisticated methods such as the order-N method in electronic-structure calculations. The present status of these methods and their application to real systems are described. In addition, in order to study the phase stability atfinite temperatures, the microscopic calculations have to be combined with statistical treatment of the systems to describe, e.g. order-disorder transitions on the Si(001) surface or alloy phase diagrams. This book contains examples for this type of calculations.

Content Level » Research

Keywords » Bond-Order Potential - Effective-Medium Theory - Gradient Expansion - Gradienten Entwicklung - Interatom-Potential - Interatomic Potential - Local-Density Approximation (LDA) - Phase Stability - Potential - Quanten Monte Carlo - Quantum Monto Car - materials science

Related subjects » Characterization & Evaluation of Materials - Materials - Physical Chemistry - Surfaces, Interfaces, Thin Films, Corrosion, Coatings - Theoretical, Mathematical & Computational Physics

Table of contents 

I New Developments in Methodology.- Parallel Computing and Order-N Methods.- Ab Initio Effective-Medium Theory for Al (With 2 Figures).- Angular-Dependent Many-Atom Bond-Order Potentials (With 4 Figures).- Augmented-Plane-Wave Force Calculations for Transition-Metal Systems.- Structural Optimization with the KKR Method and Its Application to Interstitial Impurities in Mg (With 7 Figures).- II Applications to Defects, Clusters and Surfaces.- Conjugate-Gradient Total-Energy Minimization: Defects in Silicon (With 6 Figures).- Structural Trends in Clusters and Disordered Systems (With 5 Figures).- Order-Disorder Phase Transition on the Si(001) Surface (With 5 Figures).- First-Principles Structural Optimization of the Al/Si Surface (With 5 Figures).- Alkali-Metal Adsorption on the Si(001) Surface (With 7 Figures).- Structural and Vibrational Properties of Alkali Overlayers on Metals (With 4 Figures).- Atomic and Electronic Structure of Some Exotic Surfaces Revealed by Scanning Tunneling Microscopy (With 10 Figures).- III Phase Stability and Kinetics in Alloys and Compounds.- Order and Phase Stability in Alloys (With 4 Figures).- From Electronic Structure to Phase Diagrams (With 6 Figures).- Phase Diagram for Long Period Stacking Variants (With 1 Figure).- Kinetic Study of an Alloy Phase by the Path Probability Method (With 6 Figures).- IV Beyond the Local-Density Approximation.- Correlated Wavefunction Quantum Monte-Carlo Approach to Solids (With 5 Figures).- Quantum Monte-Carlo Calculations on Real Materials (With 2 Figures).- Application of GGA to a Study of Structural and Magnetic Properties of 3d Transition Metals (With 6 Figures).- Metal-Insulator Transition in Ni Compounds (With 7 Figures).- Index of Contributors.

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