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Materials - Optical & Electronic Materials | Piezotronics and Piezo-Phototronics

Piezotronics and Piezo-Phototronics

Wang, Zhong Lin

2013, XI, 248 p. 145 illus., 135 illus. in color.

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  • Represents first book on piezotronics and piezo-phototronics
  • Written by the founder of this technique
  • Gives a survey of the basics and applications of piezotronics and piezo-phototronics
The fundamental principle of piezotronics and piezo-phototronics were introduced by Wang in 2007 and 2010, respectively. Due to the polarization of ions in a crystal that has non-central symmetry in materials, such as the wurtzite structured ZnO, GaN and InN, a piezoelectric potential (piezopotential) is created in the crystal by applying a stress. Owing to the simultaneous possession of piezoelectricity and semiconductor properties, the piezopotential created in the crystal has a strong effect on the carrier transport at the interface/junction. Piezotronics is for devices fabricated using the piezopotential as a “gate” voltage to control charge carrier transport at a contact or junction. The piezo-phototronic effect uses the piezopotential to control the carrier generation, transport, separation and/or recombination for improving the performance of optoelectronic devices, such as photon detector, solar cell and LED. The functionality offered by piezotroics and piezo-phototronics are complimentary to CMOS technology. There is an effective integration of piezotronic and piezo-phototronic devices with silicon based CMOS technology. Unique applications can be found in areas such as human-computer interfacing, sensing and actuating in nanorobotics, smart and personalized electronic signatures, smart MEMS/NEMS, nanorobotics and energy sciences. This book introduces the fundamentals of piezotronics and piezo-phototronics and advanced applications. It gives guidance to researchers, engineers and graduate students.

Content Level » Research

Keywords » Piezo-phototronic Effect Energy Storage - Piezo-phototronic Effect Light Emitting Diode - Piezo-phototronic Effect Photodetectors - Piezo-phototronic Effect Solar Cells - Piezopotential in Wurtzite Semiconductors - Piezotronic Electromechanical Memories - Piezotronic Logic Circuits and Operations - Piezotronic Transistors - Piezotronics and Piezo-phototronics - Theory of Piezotronics

Related subjects » Applied & Technical Physics - Electronics & Electrical Engineering - Engineering - Materials - Optical & Electronic Materials - Optics & Lasers

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