Submission of a manuscript implies: that the work described has not been published before (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, review, or thesis); that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere; that its publication has been approved by all co-authors, if any, as well as by the responsible authorities at the institute where the work has been carried out: that, if and when the manuscript is accepted for publication, the authors agree to automatic transfer of the copyright; and that the manuscript will not be published elsewhere in any language without the consent of the copyright holders.
All articles published in this journal are protected by copyright, where covers the exclusive rights to reproduce and distribute the article (e.g. as offprints) as well as all translation rights. No material published in this journal may be reproduced photographically or stored on microfilm, in electronic data bases, video disks, etc., without first obtaining written permission from The Japanese Orthopaedic Association.
The use of general descriptive names, trade names, trademarks, etc., in this publication, even if not specifically identified, does not imply that these names are not protected by the relevant laws and regulations. While the advice and information in this journal is believed to be true and accurate at the date of its going to press, neither the authors, the editors, nor the publisher can accept any legal responsibility for any errors or omissions that may be made. The publisher makes no warranty, express or implied, with respect to the material contained herein.
Special regulation for photocopies in the USA: Photocopies may be made for personal or in-house use beyond the limitations stipulated under Section 107 or 108 of US Copyright Law, provided a fee is paid. This fee is US$0.20 per page per copy, plus a basic fee of US$2.00 per article. All fees should be paid to the Copyright Clearance Center, Inc., 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA 01923, USA, stating the ISSN number, the volume, and the first and last page numbers of each article copied. The copyright owner’s consent does not include copying for general distribution, promotion, new works, or resale. In these cases, specific written permission must first be obtained from the publisher.
Other regulations: Authors publishing in this journal can, under certain conditions, benefit from library and photocopy fees collected by VG WORT. Authors of Germany nationality and citizens of Austria, Switzerland and member countries of the European Community, may apply to VG WORT, Abteilung Wissenschaft, Goethestrasse 49, D-8000 München 2, for detailed information.
© The Japanese Orthopaedic Association