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Materials - Characterization & Evaluation of Materials | Melt Blowing - Equipment, Technology, and Polymer Fibrous Materials

Melt Blowing

Equipment, Technology, and Polymer Fibrous Materials

Pinchuk, L.S., Goldade, V.A., Makarevich, A.V., Kestelman, V.N.

Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 2002, XII, 212 p.

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  • About this book

  • This book introduces the basics of a new class of materials, expected to have wide-ranging applications in future, with important economic consequences
This book is devoted to a nontraditional class of materials which are manufactured by the melt-blowing process - i.e. by extrusion of polymer melt followed by fiber stretching with a gas stream. For the first time extensive data on classical and modern modifications of this technology are generalized and a review is given of extrusion head dies and subsidiary equipment. The text examines the structure and main properties of melt-blown materials as conditioned by peculiarities of overheated polymer melt spraying in oxidizing medium. Information is given about filtering mechanisms and the main types of polymer fibrous filtering materials: electret, magnetic, adsorptional, bactericidic and about carriers of microorganisms in biofilters. Social and ecological aspects of the application of melt-blown materials are analyzed.

Content Level » Research

Keywords » Extrusion - Filtration - Melt-blowing - Polymer fibres - Service - Structure - ecology - environment - polymer - production - simulation - technology

Related subjects » Characterization & Evaluation of Materials - Engineering - Materials - Polymer Science - Production & Process Engineering

Table of contents 

1. Introduction (Historical Review).- 2. Melt Blowing Techniques.- 2.1 Main Technological Procedures.- 2.2 Modern Trends in Melt mowing Techniques.- 3. Equipment.- 3.1 Spray Heads.- 3.1.1 Basic Designs.- 3.1.2 Modified Heads.- 3.2 Auxiliary Equipment.- 4. Structure of Melt-Blown Polymer Fibrous Materials (PFM).- 4.1 Major Structural Parameters.- 4.2 Effect of Different Technological Regimes on PFM Structure.- 5. Specific Properties of Melt-Blown PFM.- 5.1 Physicochemical Characteristics.- 5.2 Electret Charge in Melt-Blown Materials.- 6. Fibrous Materials in Filtration Systems.- 6.1 Efficiency of Filtration Systems.- 6.2 Filtration Mechanisms.- 6.2.1 Mechanisms of Particle Precipitation.- 6.2.2 Surface and Depth Filtration.- 6.2.3 Electrostatic Precipitation.- 6.2.4 Precipitation and Coagulation in a Magnetic Field.- 7. Electret Filtering PFM.- 7.1 Mechanism of PFM Polarization.- 7.2 Capillary Phenomena.- 7.3 Production Process and Properties of Electret PFM.- 7.4 Applications.- 8. Magnetic Filtering PFM.- 8.1 Backgro.- 8.2 Simulation of Magnetic Deposition in PFM.- 8.3 Theory versus Experiment.- 8.4 Magnetization of PFM.- 8.5 Magnetic Coagulation of Particles in PFM.- 8.6 Magnetic Capillary Phenomena.- 8.7 Serviceability of Magnetic PFM-Based Filters.- 9. Adsorptive and Microbicidal PFM.- 9.1 PFM Modified by Porous Adsorbents.- 9.2 PFM as Adsorbents of Oil Product8.- 9.3 Complex-Forming PFM.- 9.4 Adsorptive-Microbicidal PFM.- 10. PFM as Carriers of Microorganisms.- 10.1 Biofilters with Polymer Fibrous Biomass Carriers.- 10.2 Effect of Magnetic Fields on the Growth Proce8ses of Microorganisms.- 11. Other Applications of PFM.- 11.1 Household Uses.- 11.2 Industry.- 11.3 Construction.- 11.4 Medicine.- 11.5 Packing.- 11.6 Protection of Products and Environment.- 12. Ecological and Social Problems.- 12.1 Solution of Ecological Problems.- 12.1.1 Purification of Indu8trial Gases.- 12.1.2 Wa8tewatcr Purification.- 12.1.3 Melioration.- 12.1.4 Oil and Chemical Sorbents.- 12.2 Regeneration, Utilization, and Burial.- 12.3 Economic Estimates.- 13. Conclusion.- References.

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