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"Beginning around 1990 concerns regarding refrigerant fluids and interest in cooling electronics led to renewed activity in the science and technology of alternative refrigeration. Thermoelectric cooling mechanisms, thermomagnetic effects and thermionic emission including the fundamentals of the implementation of these basic mechanisms comprise the book’s subject. … Therefore the book can serve as a reference to experimentalists … ." (Vladimir Sládek, Zentralblatt MATH, Vol. 999, 2002)