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Materials | Theory of the Nuclear Magnetic 1/T1 Relaxation Rate in Conventional and Unconventional Magnets

Theory of the Nuclear Magnetic 1/T1 Relaxation Rate in Conventional and Unconventional Magnets

Series: Springer Theses

Smerald, Andrew

2013, XVI, 165 p. 52 illus., 47 illus. in color.

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  • Nominated as an outstanding Ph.D. thesis by the University of Bristol, UK
  • Theory provides quantitatively correct description of experiments
  • Makes predictions for how to recognise the elusive quantum spin nematic state
One of the best ways to "lift the lid" on what is happening inside a given material is to study it using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). Of particular interest are NMR 1/T1 relaxation rates, which measure how fast energy stored in magnetic nuclei is transferred to surrounding electrons.
 
This thesis develops a detailed, quantitative theory of NMR 1/T1 relaxation rates, and shows for the first time how they could be used to measure the speed at which energy travels in a wide range of magnetic materials.
 
This theory is used to make predictions for"Quantum Spin Nematics", an exotic form of quantum order analogous to a liquid crystal.  In order to do so, it is first necessary to unravel how spin nematics transport energy. This thesis proposes a new way to do this, based on the description of quarks in high-energy physics.
 
Experiments to test the ideas presented are now underway in laboratories across the world.

Content Level » Research

Keywords » Field Theory of Quantum Spin Nematic State - Frustrated Magnet - NMR Form Factor - NMR Relaxation Rate - NMR in Pnictide Materials - Neutron Scattering - Non-linear Sigma Model - Spin Nematic

Related subjects » Materials - Particle and Nuclear Physics - Quantum Physics

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