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Life Sciences - Plant Sciences | Genomics of Chloroplasts and Mitochondria

Genomics of Chloroplasts and Mitochondria

Bock, Ralph, Knoop, Volker (Eds.)

2012, XXXIII, 475 p. 45 illus., 20 illus. in color.

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  • Up-to-date and well-illustrated reviews on structure and evolution of plastid and mitochondrial genomes, written by leading experts in the field
  • Comprehensive coverage of all groups of algae and land plants
  • Special chapters on endosymbioses, organellar genome transformation, gene expression profiling, RNA editing, horizontal gene transfer and chloroplast and mitochondrial mutants
  • A carefully edited index listing all important key terms and taxa

The past decade has witnessed an explosion of our knowledge on the structure, coding capacity and evolution of the genomes of the two DNA-containing cell organelles in plants: chloroplasts (plastids) and mitochondria. Comparative genomics analyses have provided new insights into the origin of plastids and mitochondria by primary and higher-order endosymbioses and uncovered an enormous evolutionary dynamics of organellar genomes. In addition, these studies have greatly helped to clarify phylogenetic relationships, especially in algae and early land plants with limited morphological and anatomical diversity. This book, written by leading experts in plant organelle biology, summarizes our current knowledge about plastid and mitochondrial genomes in all major groups of algae and land plants. It also includes chapters on endosymbioses, plastid and mitochondrial mutants, RNA editing, horizontal gene transfer, gene expression profiling and methods for the genetic transformation of organellar genomes. The book is designed for graduate students and researchers in plant molecular biology, taxonomy, ecology, biotechnology as well as cell and evolutionary biology.

Content Level » Research

Keywords » chloroplast - genome evolution - mitochondrion - plastid

Related subjects » Cell Biology - Evolutionary & Developmental Biology - Plant Sciences

Table of contents 

Preface.- 1. Origins of Mitochondria and Plastids; M.W. Gray, J.M. Archibald.- 2. Secondary and tertiary endosymbiosis and kleptoplasty; J. Gross et al.- 3. Plastid Genomes of Algae; B.F. Lang, A.M. Nedelcu.- 4. Plastomes of bryophytes, lycophytes and ferns; P.G. Wolf, K.G. Karol.- 5. Plastid Genomes of Seed Plants; R.K. Jansen, T.A. Ruhlman.- 6. Mitochondrial Genomes of Algae; G. Burger, A.M. Nedelcu.- 7. Conservative and dynamic evolution of mitochondrial genomes in early land plants; Y. Liu et al.- 8. Seed Plant Mitochondrial Genomes: Complexity Evolving; V. Knoop.- 9. Promiscuous organellar DNA; A.H. Lloyd et al.- 10. Horizontal gene transfer in eukaryotes: fungi –to-plant and plant-to-plant transfers of organellar DNA; S.S. Renner, S. Bellot.- 11. Plastome Mutants of Higher Plants; S. Greiner.- 12. Plant Mitochondrial Mutations; S. Gabay-Laughnan, K.J. Newton.- 13. Land Plant RNA Editing or: don’t be fooled by plant organellar DNA sequences; S. Finster et al.- 14. Expression Profiling of Organellar Genes; T. Cardi et al.- 15. Organellar Proteomics: Close Insights into the Spatial Breakdown and Functional Dynamics of Plant Primary Metabolism; H.-P. Braun, H. Eubel.- 16. Plastid Transformation in Algae; J. Nickelsen, A.-V. Bohne.- 17. Plastid Transformation in Flowering Plants; P. Maliga.- 18. Reverse Genetics in Flowering Plant Plastids; A. Day.- 19. Tranformation and Nucleic Acid Delivery to Mitochondria; C. Remacle et al.- Index.

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