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Life Sciences - Plant Sciences | Chlorophylls and Bacteriochlorophylls - Biochemistry, Biophysics, Functions and Applications

Chlorophylls and Bacteriochlorophylls

Biochemistry, Biophysics, Functions and Applications

Grimm, B., Porra, R.J., Rüdiger, W., Scheer, H. (Eds.)

2006, XXIX, 603 p.

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Chlorophylls are the most obvious natural pigments on Earth: they can be observed even from satellites in outer space. They also sustain life on Earth through their involvement in photosynthesis. Featuring 37 authoritative chapters, this book reviews recent progress and current status of studies on the chemistry, metabolism and spectroscopy of chlorophylls, bacteriochlorophylls and their protein complexes. Also discussed is progress on the applications of the chlorophylls as photosensitizers in photodynamic therapy of cancerous tumours, and as molecular probes in biochemistry, medicine, plant physiology, ecology and geochemistry.

With the last book dedicated to chlorophylls published in 1991, and out of print since 1995, this book closes the gap in literature by summarizing the chemical, physical, biological and medical aspects of chlorophyll and bacteriochlorophyll research and development, with a focus on the tremendous progress achieved over the past 15 years. The book is suitable for advanced students and both novice and experienced researchers: each section has an up-to-date introductory overview which is followed by a series of concise well-focused and fu

Content Level » Research

Keywords » Biophysics - Glutamat - Oxidation - Peptide - Plant physiology - Polypeptide - Tetrapyrrole - Transport - fluorescence - magnetic resonance - metabolism - photobiology - photosynthesis - physiology - reductase

Related subjects » Biochemistry & Biophysics - Biophysics & Biological Physics - Ecology - Plant Sciences

Table of contents 

Editorial. Contents. Preface. Colour Plates. Structures, Chemistry, Analysis: 1. Overview; H. Scheer. 2. Synthesis, Reactivity and Structure of Chlorophylls; M.O. Senge et al. 3. Chlorophyll c Pigments: Current Status; M. Zapata et al. 4. Unusual Tetrapyrrole Pigments of Photosynthetic Antennas and Reaction Centers: Specially Tailored Chlorophylls; M. Kobayashi et al. 5. [Heavy Metal]-Chlorophylls formed in vivo during Heavy Metal Stress and Degradation Products formed during Digestion, Extraction and Storage of Plant Material; H. Küpper et al. 6. Spectroscopy and Structure Determination, M. Kobayashi et al. 7. Spectrometric Assays for Plant, Algal and Bacterial Chlorophylls; R.J. Porra. 8. Chlorophyll Analysis by New High Performance Liquid Chromatography Methods; J.L. Garrido and M. Zapata. 9. Large Scale Chlorophyll Preparations Using Simple Open-Column Chromatographic Methods; Y. Shioi.- Metabolism: 10. Chlorophyll Metabolism: an Overview; W. Rüdiger and B. Grimm. 11. Biosynthesis of 5-Aminolevulinic Acid; S.I. Beale. 12. Transfer RNA-Dependent Aminolevulinic Acid Formation; D. Jahn et al. 13. The Pathway from 5-Aminolevulinic Acid to Protochlorophyllide and Protoheme; E. Yaronskaya and B. Grimm. 14. Biosynthesis of Chlorophylls a and b: the Last Steps; W. Rüdiger. 15. Bacteriochlorophyll Biosynthesis in Green Bacteria; N.-U. Frigaard et al. 16. Involvement of Tetrapyrroles in Cellular Regulation; C.F. Beck and B. Grimm. 17. Chlorophyll Catabolites and the Biochemistry of Chlorophyll Breakdown; B. Kräutler and S. Hörtensteiner. 18. The Evolution of Chlorophylls and Photosynthesis; A.W.D. Larkum.- The Native Environment: 19. The Influence of Protein Interactions on the Properties of the Bacteriochlorophyll Dimer in Reaction Centers; J.P. Allen and J.C. Williams. 20. Magic Angle Spinning Nuclear Magnetic Resonance of the Chlorosomes; I. de Boer and H.J.M. de Groot. 21. Single Molecule Spectroscopy of Pigment Protein Complexes from Purple Bacteria;J.Köhler and T.J. Aartsma. 22. Effects of Axial Coordination, Electronic Excitation and Oxidation on Bond Orders in the Bacteriochlorin Macrocycle, and Generation of Radical Cation on Photo-Excitation of in vitro and in vivo Bacteriochlorophyll a Aggregates: Resonance Raman Studies; Y. Koyama et al. 23. Mapping the Global Ring Currents in Porphyrins and Chlorins; E. Steiner and P.W. Fowler. 24. Bacteriochlorophyll Protein Maquettes; D. Noy et al. 25. Molecular Assembly of Bacteriochlorophyll Complexes Using Synthetic Light-Harvesting Model Polypeptides; M. Nango. 26. Reconstitution and Pigment exchange; H. Paulsen. 27. Assembly of Model Bacteriochlorophyll Proteins in the Native Lipid Environment; A. Garcia-Martin et al.- Functions: 28. Photosynthetic Functions of Chlorophylls; A. N. Melkozernov and R.E. Blankenship. 29. Excitation Energy Transfer Between (Bacterio) Chlorophylls - the Role of Excitonic Coupling; D. Leupold et al. 30. Mechanisms of Carotenoid-to-Bacteriochlorophyll Energy Transfer in the Light Harvesting Antenna Complexes 1 and 2: Dependence on the Conjugation Length of Carotenoids; Y. Koyama and Y.Kakitani. 31. Electron Transfer in Photosynthetic Reaction Centers; J. Wachtveitl and W. Zinth.- Applications: 32. Chlorophyll Sensitizers in Photodynamic Therapy; A.S. Brandis et al. 33. Bacteriochlorophyll Sensitizers in Photodynamic Therapy; A.S. Brandis et al. 34. Metal-Substituted Bacteriochlorophylls: Novel Molecular Tools; R. Yesushalmi et al. 35. Chlorophyll Fluorescence as a Reporter on in vivo Electron Transport and Regulation in Plants; L. Nedbal and M. Koblizek. 36. Meeting the Challenge of Monitoring Chlorophyll in the Ocean from Outer Space; A. Morel. 37. Geochemistry of Chlorophylls; B.J. Keely.- Index

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