Proceedings of the 10th IAPTC&B Congress June 23–28, 2002 Orlando, Florida, U.S.A.
Vasil, Indra K. (Ed.)
2003, XXXII, 619 p.
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The 10th IAPTC&B Congress, Plant Biotechnology 2002 and Beyond, was held June 23-28, 2002, at Disney's Coronado Springs Resort, in Orlando, Florida, USA. It was attended by 1,176 scientists from 54 countries. The best and brightest stars of international plant biotechnology headlined the scientific program. It included the opening address by the President of the IAPTC&B, 14 plenary lectures, and 111 keynote lectures and contributed papers presented in 17 symposia covering all aspects of plant biotechnology. More than 500 posters supplemented the formal program. The distinguished speakers described, discussed and debated not only the best of science that has been done or is being done, but also how the power of plant biotechnology can be harnessed to meet future challenges and needs. The program was focused on what is new and what is exciting, what is state of the art, and what is on the cutting edge of science and technology. In keeping with the international mandate of the IAPTC&B, 73 of the 125 speakers were from outside the United States, representing 27 countries from every region of the world. The 10th IAPTC&B Congress was a truly world-class event.
The IAPTC&B, founded in 1963 at the first international conference of plant tissue culture organized by Philip White in the United States, currently has over 1,500 members in 85 countries. It is the largest, oldest, and the most comprehensive international professional organization in the field of plant biotechnology. The IAPTC&B has served the plant biotechnology community well through its many active national chapters throughout the World, by maintaining and disseminating a membership list and a website, by the publication of an official journal (formerly the Newsletter), and by organizing quadrennial international congresses in France (1970), the United Kingdom (1974), Canada (1978), Japan (1982), the United States (1963, 1986, 2002), The Netherlands (1990), Italy (1994), and Israel (1998). In addition, the IAPTC&B has a long tradition of publishing the proceedings of its congresses. Individually, these volumes have provided authoritative quadrennial reports of the status of international plant biotechnology. Collectively, they document the history of plant biotechnology during the 20th century. They are indeed a valuable resource.
We are pleased to continue this tradition by publishing this proceedings volume of the 10th IAPTC&B Congress. Regrettably, we are not able to publish seven of the lectures in full (only their abstracts are included).
The American and Canadian chapters of the IAPTC&B, the Plant Section of the Society for In Vitro Biology, and the University of Florida hosted the 10th IAPTC&B Congress. The Congress was a true partnership between academia and industry, and was generously supported by both groups (see list of donors/sponsors on back cover). A number of prominent international biotechnology companies and publishers participated in the very successful Science and Technology Exhibit (see accompanying list of exhibitors) The IAPTC&B awarded 84 fellowships to young scientists from 31 countries (see accompanying list of fellowship recipients) to support their participation in the Congress.
The science and politics of plant biotechnology 2002 and beyond.- Putting plant disease resistance genes to work.- Comparative genomics enables a virtual genome of the cereals.- The role of MADS-box genes in the control of flower and fruit development in Arabidopsis.- The plant cell cycle.- Molecular mechanisms of plant responses and tolerance of drought and cold stress.- Advances in apomixis research: can we fix heterosis?.- Overcoming and expoiting RNA silencing.- Improving the nutritional quality of plants.- Antibodies from plants: breaking the barriers to antibody production.- Phytosynthetics: transgenic plants as the primary source of industrial and medical feedstocks in the 21st century.- Quantitative inference in functional genomics of Loblolly Pine (Pinus taeda L.) using ESTS and Microarrays.- About straight lines and complex crossroads: metabolism is a network.- Plants and pharmaceuticals in the 21st century.- The reannotation of the Arabidopsis thaliana genome.- Biosafe, transgenic resistance for plant nematode control.- Transgenic crops for enhanced disease resistance and food safety.- Transgenic papaya: a case study on the theoretical and practical application of virus resistance.- Investigation and development of Bacillus thuringiensis insecticidal proteins for expression in transgenic plants.- Transformation of cotton production through the use of genetically improved cotton.- Biotechnological solutions for weed problems — the next generations.- Discovery, development and commercialization of Roundup ready® crops.- Engineering virus-induced African Cassava Mosaic Virus resistance by mimicking a hypersensitive reaction in transgenic cassava.- Disease resistant transgenic cotton to prevent preharvest aflatoxin contamination.- Evaluation of transgenic herbicide (glufosinate ammonium) resistant sugarcane (Saccharum spp. hybrids) under field conditions.- Transgenic apple plants expressing viral EPS-depolymerase: evaluation of resistance to the phytopathogenic bacterium Erwinia amylovora.- Expression of an altered antimicrobial hordothionin gene in barley and oat.- The dual function of chitinases in defence responses as well as during nodulation in legumes.- Transgenic oil palm with stably integrated CpTI gene confers resistance to bagworm larvae.- Production of salt tolerant rice by introduction of a gene encoding catalase, kat E.- Transgenic tobacco overexpressing glyoxalase I and II show enhanced tolerance to salinity and heavy metal stress.- Plant molecular responses to phosphate-starvation.- Engineering enhanced nutrient uptake in transgenic plants.- Preliminary characterization of the DREB genes in transgenic wheat.- Arabidopsis ?-amylase induction during temperature stress.- Expression of cereal peroxidase and oxalate oxidase genes in tobacco results in alterations in plant development and programmed cell death in cell cultures.- Functional genomics of rice by T-DNA tagging.- A plant approach to systems biology.- Physcomitrella patens as a novel tool for plant functional genomics.- Control of gene expression by by histone deacetylases.- Site-specific gene stacking method.- Chemical control of transgene expression in transgenic plants: basic research and biotechnological applications.- Cre/lox mediated marker gene excision in transgenic crop plants.- Marker gene elimination from transgenic sugarbeet by a chemically regulated Cre-lox system.- Homologous recombination allows efficient isolation of marker-free transplastomic plants.- Evaluation of constitutive Cestrum Yellow Leaf Curling Virus promoter in maize and tomato.- Heat-induced transgene silencing is conveyed by signal transfer.- Silencing of the pollen gene NTP303 ceases pollen tube growth in vivo in Nicotiana tabacum.- The role of D-type cyclins in plant growth and development.- Using genes that stimulate the cell cycle to improve maize transformation.- The CDK inhibitor ICK1 affects cell division, plant growth and morphogenesis.- Arabidopsis CDC2A and cyclin gene promoter::gusA constructs as markers of cell growth and division in heterologous plants.- Leafy Cotyledon genes and the control of embryo development.- The role of the Arabidopsis somatic embryogenesis receptor-like kinase 1 (AtSERK1) gene in embryogenic competence.- Analysis of peptide signalling in the embryo sac of maize and wheat.- Somatic embryogenesis in Arabidopsis thaliana promoted by the WUSCHEL homeodomain protein.- Maize LEC1improves transformation in both maize and wheat.- Antisense suppression of a cytokinin-binding protein from Petunia causes excessive branching and reduces adventitious shoot bud induction in vitro.- Molecular markers associated with plant regeneration from shoot meristem cultures derived from germinated corn (Zea mays L.) seeds.- Development of an automated image collection system for generating time-lapse animations of plant tissue growth and green fluorescent protein gene expression.- Applications of ethylene technology to climacteric fruits: a progress report.- Modifying the amino acid composition of grains using gene technology.- Engineering of apomixis in crop plants: what can we learn from sexual model systems?.- Overexpression of Arabidopsis DWARF4 in tomato increases branching and fruit number.- Quality of fruit of lytic protein transgenic apple lines with enhanced resistance to fire blight.- Transformation of Brassica napus with cDNAs encoding proteins that stimulate in vitro triacylglycerol biosynthesis.- Towards transformation, regeneration, and screening of papaya containing antisense ACC synthase gene.- Functional genomics to isolate genes involved in fragrance production for genetic engineering of scent in flowers.- Florigene flowers: from laboratory to market.- Biotechnology of floriculture crops — scientific questions and real world answers.- Gene expression in space biotechnology experiments.- Stress and genome shock in developing somatic embryos in space.- Plant development in space or in simulated microgravity.- Morphogenesis, hydrotropism, and distribution of auxin signals in cucumber seedlings grown in microgravity.- The assembly and potential applications of immunoglobulins expressed in transgenic plants.- Medical molecular pharming: expression of antibodies, biopharmaceuticals and edible vaccines via the chloroplast genome.- Production and application of proteins from transgenic plants.- Plants and human health: delivery of vaccines via transgenic plants.- Protective effect of orally administered human interferon (HUIFN)-? against systemic Listeria monocytogenes infection and a practical advantage of HUIFN-? derived from transgenic potato plant.- Production of aprotinin in transgenic maize seeds for the pharmaceutical and cell culture markets.- Plant and bacterial production of engineered antibodies for pharmacological use in oncology.- Tobacco chloroplaste as platform for vaccine production.- Nutritional improvement of rice to reduce malnutrition in developing countries.- Genomic approach to altering phytochemicals in tomato for human nutrition.- Nutritionally improved transgenic Sorghum.- Improvements in the nutritional quality of the cottonseed.- Production of gamma linolenic acid in seeds of transgenic soybean.- Transfer and expression of an artificial storage protein (ASP1) gene in cassava: towards improving nutritive value of storage roots.- Anticarcinogenic properties of plant protease inhibitors from the Bowman-Birk class.- A genomic approach to elucidate gene function during wood formation.- Abiotic resistance and chaperones: possible physiological role of SP1, a stable and stabilizing protein from Populus.- Modification of lignin biosysnthesis in forest trees.- Functional genomics of wood formation in hybrid aspen.- Functional genomics of wood formation.- Phenylalanine ammonia-lyase gene expression in condensed tannin-accumulating and lignifying cells of quaking aspen.- Tissue culture and genetic transformation of Chamaecyparis obtuse.- Secondary metabolites in the post-genomic era.- A functional genomics strategy to identify genes that regulate the production of biologically active metabolites in plants.- Phytoremediation of toxic mercury and arsenic pollution.- Transgenic plants for environmental biomonitoring: new perspectives.- Directing metabolic flux toward engineered isoflavone nutraceuticals in transgenic Arabidopsis.- In vitro production of secondary metabolites by cultivated plant cells: the crucial role of the cell nutritional status.- Transgenesis and genomics in molecular breeding of temperate pasture grasses and legumes.- Enhancing turfgrass performance with biotechnology.- Genetic manipulation of cool-season forage grasses and field evaluation of transgenic plants.- Genomic structure of the apomixis locus in Pennisetum.- Molecular improvement of perennial ryegrass by stable genetic transformation.- Sn-transgenic Lotus corniculatus lines: a potential source of differentially expressed genes involved in condensed tannin biosynthesis.- Microspore embryogenesis.- Somatic hybridization in Citrus — a relevant technique for variety improvement in the 21st century.- Recovery of triploid seedless mandarin hybrids from 2n × 2n and 2n × 4n crosses by embryo rescue and flow cytometry.- Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of barley pollen cultures.- Molecular characterization of Citrus symmetric and asymmetric somatic hybrids by means of ISSR-PCR and PCR-RFLP.- A doubled haploid rice population and its genetic analysis using microsatellite markers.- Development of novel white rust resistant genetic stocks in crop Brassica by somatic hybridization.- The transatlantic dissent between Europe and the United States about GMO’s.- Societal acceptance of plant biotechnology.- Global experience with genetically modified crops.- FDA’s policy on food biotechnology.- Regulation of public acceptance of transgenic crops in China.- Progress of transgenic plants in China.- Transgenic crops in the Argentinean agriculture.- The status of plant biotechnology in South Africa.- Status of plant biotechnology in India.- Plant biotechnology in Mexico: needs and challenges.- User-friendly problem-finding and solving approaches for international agricultural biotechnology applications.- Author Index.