Unkovich, M.J., Pate, J.S., McNeill, A., Gibbs, J. (Eds.)
2001, IX, 293 p.
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In the last two decades technological advances in isotope ratio mass spectrometry have been very rapid, opening up new possibilities for analysis of biological and environmental materials. The new instrumentation has facilitated faster analysis of samples via automated sample preparation and multi-isotope analysis of single samples, resulting in considerable cost savings, and enabling access to isotope analysis for many more researchers. These changes are reflected in the rapidly growing international literature on stable isotopes. While there have been some excellent books and review papers aimed at interpreting isotope signals in biology and environmental science, there have been fewer attempts to provide practical tools for researchers making forays into this exciting new arena. This book aims to address this inadequacy by providing a set of practical guidelines for the application of a range of novel and well proven stable isotope techniques to the fields of plant physiological ecology, agriculture, marine ecology and palaeoecology. The book is the outcome of a weeklong workshop held under the auspices of the Cooperative Research Centre for Legumes in Mediterranean Agriculture (CLIMA 1992 - 2000) at The University of Western Australia and the CSIRO Floreat Laboratories, Perth, Western Australia, in February 1999. The workshop was designed to provide practical tools and experiences for researchers and students concerned with how one goes about using stable isotopes in field investigations.
1. Fundamentals of Stable Isotope Chemistry and Measurement; T.E. Dawson, P.D. Brooks. 2. Carbon Isotope Discrimination and Plant Water-Use Efficiency: Case Scenarios for C3 Plants; J.S. Pate. 3. Extraction and Analysis of Plant Water for Deuterium Isotope Measurement and Application to Field Experiments; J.V. Turner, et al. 4. The Use of Stable Isotopes of Water for Determining Sources of Water for Plant Transpiration; G. Walker, et al. 5. What do delta15N Signatures tell Us about Nitrogen Relations in Natural Ecosystems? G. Stewart. 6. Assessing N2 Fixation in Annual Legumes using 15N Natural Abundance; M. Unkovich, J.S. Pate. 7. The Use of 15N to study Biological Nitrogen Fixation by Perennial Legumes; M.B. Peoples, et al. 8. Source/Sink Interactions in Crop Plants: Application of 13CO2 and Urea-15N Techniques in Quantitative Analysis; J.A. Palta. 9. Use of Enriched 15N Sources to study Soil N Transformations; I.R.P. Fillery, S. Recous. 10. Stable Isotope Techniques using Enriched 15N and 13C for Studies of Soil Organic Matter Accumulation and Decomposition in Agricultural Systems; A. McNeill. 11. Source Identification in Marine Ecosystems: Food Web Studies using delta13C and delta15N; A.J. Smit. 12. delta13C as an Indicator of Palaeoenvironments: A Molecular Approach; K. Grice. Index.