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Life Sciences - Plant Sciences | Adaptation in Plant Breeding - Selected Papers from the XIV EUCARPIA Congress on Adaptation in

Adaptation in Plant Breeding

Selected Papers from the XIV EUCARPIA Congress on Adaptation in Plant Breeding held at Jyväskylä, Sweden from July 31 to August 4, 1995

Tigerstedt, P.M.A (Ed.)

Reprinted from EUPHYTICA, 92:1-2, 1996, VII, 308 p.

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  • About this book

Plant adaptation is a fundamental process in plant breeding. It was the first criterion in the initial domestication of plants thousands of years ago. Adaptedness is generally a quantitative complex feature of the plant, involving many traits, many of which are quantitative. Adaptation to stresses like cold, drought or diseases are among the most central problems in a world grappling with global food security. Modern plant breeding, based on mendelian genetics, has made plant improvement more effective and more precise and selective. Molecular genetics and genetic engineering has considerably increased this selectivity down to single genes affecting single traits. The time has come when plant breeding efficiency may cause loss of genetic resources and adaptation. In these proceedings an effort is made to merge modern plant breeding efficiency with ecological aspects of plant breeding, reflected in adaptation. It is hoped that this merger results in more sustainable use of genetic resources and physical environments.
The book is based on 10 keynotes addressing a wide spectrum of themes related to adaptation. In addition each subject is further elaborated in up to three case studies on particular plant species or groups of plants. The keynotes do in fact overlap to some degree and there are articles in this volume that seemingly contradict each other, a common aspect in advanced fields of research. The keen reader may conclude that, in a world where climates and environments are under continuous change and where human society is more and more polarized into a developed and a developing part, adaptation of our cultivated plants has different constraints on yields depending on ecology, and indeed economy.

Content Level » Research

Keywords » Coevolution - Heterosis - evolution - food security - genetic engineering - mutant - nitrogen - phaseolus vulgaris l. - stress conditions - wheat

Related subjects » Plant Sciences

Table of contents 

Genetic Basis of the Evolution of Adaptedness in Plants; R.W. Allard. Evolution and Adaptedness; F. Veronesi. Adaptation by Heterosis of the Gigantic, Unfecund Mutant of Oats; H. Ahokas. Climatic and Edaphic Adaptation in Plants; M. Perez de la Vega. Climatic Adaptation in Subterranean Clover Populations; E. Piano. Selection for Low Temperature Tolerance in Potato Through Anther Culture; E.C. Calleberg. Climatic Adaptation of Trees: Rediscovering Provenance Tests; Cs. Matyas. Genetic and Physiological Mechanisms of Adaptation; V.A. Dragavtsev. Characterization of Alfalfa Following in Vitro Selection for Salt Tolerance; A. Safarnejad. Photoperiod Insensitivity Gene Essential to the Varieties Grown in the Northern Limit Region of Paddy Rice Cultivation; Y. Okumoto. The Adaptive Properties of Picea Abies Progenies are Influenced by Environmental Signals During Sexual Reproduction; O. Johnsen. Host-Parasite Coevolution in Plant Adaptation: Evidence from Field Experiments with Mycosphaerella graminicola on Wheat; B.A. McDonald. Diversity Among Finish Net Blotch Isolates and Resistance in Barley; J. Robinson. Interaction of Insect Digestive Enzymes with Protein Inhibitors from Plants and Host-Parasite Coevolution; Al.V. Konarev. Adaptation of Whet Rusts to the Wheat Cultivars in Former Czechoslovakia; P. Bartos. Inter-Genotypic Interactions in Plant Mixtures; R.A. Turkington. Co-Adaptation between Neighbours? A Case Study with Lolium Perenne Genotypes; T. McNeily. Breeding for Yield in Mixtures of Beans (Phaseolus Vulgaris L.) and Maize (Zea Mays L.); M.J. de O. Zimmermann. Breeding Components for Mixture Performance; J. Hill. Adaptation to Special Stress Conditions; O. Savolainen. CIMMYT's Approach to Breed for Drought Tolerance; H.-J. Braun. Physiological Aspects of Aluminium Tolerance Associated with the Long Arm of Chromosome 2D of Wheat Genome; A. Aniol. Structural Adaptation of the Leaf Chlorenchyma at the Kola Peninsula Plants to Stress Conditions; I.M. Kravkina. Breeding for Widely Adapted Popular Maize Hybrids; A.F. Troyer. CIMMYT's Approach to Breeding for Wide Adaptation; S. Rajaram. Breeding for Wide Adaptation in Faba Bean; W. Link. Yield Stability and Adaptation of Nordic Barleys; M. Nurminiemi. Adaptation to Low/High Input Cultivation; S. Ceccarelli. Molecular Adaptation of Barley to Cold and Drought Stress. Genetic Variability for Nitrogen Use Efficiency in Winter Wheat; J. Le Gouis. Adaption of Multipurpose Trees to High Input Cultivation as Components of Agroforestry Systems; F. Owino. Breeding Plans in Case of Global Warming; V. Koski. Six Cycles of Selection for Adaptation in Two Exotic Populations of Maize; A. Ordas. Overwintering of Winter Cereals in Hungary in the Case of Global Warming; O.B. Vests. Genetic Resources in Breeding for Adaption; G.C. Hawtin. Utilization of Exotic Germplasm in Nordic Barley Breeding and its Consequences for Adaptation; M. Veteläinen. Exotic Barley Germplasms in Breeding for Resistance to Soilborne Viruses; M. Korell. From Evaluation Descriptors of Times to Flowering to the Genetic Characterization of Flowering Responses to Photoperiod and Temperature; R.J. Summerfield.

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