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Excellent coverage of recent advances in ecological knowledge in agroforestry systems
Covers both temperate and tropical regions of the world
Separate sections to cover aboveground resource allocation and ecological processes, belowground processes and resource use, and modelling and analytical tools
Synthesis chapter that identifies knowledge gaps
Jose and Gordon’s Toward Agroforestry Design is an important reference for anyone interested in exploring or managing the physiological and ecological processes which underlie resource allocation and plant growth in agroforestry systems.
Drawing together a wide range of examples from around the world, the book highlights how recent developments in agroforestry research can contribute to understanding agroforestry system function, and discusses the potential application of agroforestry in addressing a range of land use challenges in both tropical and temperate regions of the world.
Including both original research and synthetic analyses, the book presents examples from a wide range of environments. It focuses largely on resource allocation – both above- and below-ground – including an assessment of the recent advances in analytical and modeling tools available to this work. Concluding with a synthesis of the key questions and research gaps highlighted throughout the text, the book will be particularly useful to students and researchers involved in natural resource management, agroforestry, and applied ecology.
Preface. Section 1: Introduction. 1. Ecological knowledge and agroforestry design: an introduction; S. Jose, A.M. Gordon.- Section 2: Resource allocation in agroforestry systems: above-ground processes. 2. Biophysical changes resulting from 16-years of riparian forest rehabilitation: an example from the southern Ontario agricultural landscape; M. Oelbermann et al.- 3. Ecological development and function of shelterbelts in temperate North America; C.W. Mize et al.- 4. Forage production under and adjacent to Robinia pseudoacacia in central Appalachia, West Virginia; C.M. Feldhake et al.- 5. Light intensity effects on growth and nutrient use efficiency of tropical legume cover crops; V.C. Baligar et al.- 6. Interspecific competition in a pecan-cotton alleycropping system in the southern United States: is light the limiting factor? D.S. Zamora et al.- 7. Modification of microclimate and associated food crop productivity in an alleycropping system in northern Sudan; H. Shapo, H. Adam.- 8. Tree – crop interactions in fruit-tree-based agroforestry systems in the western highlands of Guatemala: component yields and system performance; J.G. Bellow et al.- 9. Biophysical interactions between timber trees and Arabica coffee in suboptimal conditions of Central America; P. Vaast et al.- Section 3: Resource allocation in Agroforestry systems: belowground processes. 10. Agroforestry management effects on plant productivity vectors within a humid-temperate hardwood alleycropping system; G.R. von Kiparski, A.R. Gillespie.- 11. Root competition for phosphorus between coconut palms and interplanted dicot trees along a soil fertility gradient in Kerala, India; H.B.S. Gowda, B.M.Kumar.- 12. Establishment of Cordia dodecandra A.DC. with Bixa orellana L. on calcareous soils in Yucatán, Mexico; M. Reuter et al.- 13. Tree foliage polyphenols and nitrogen use in crop-livestock systems of southern Africa: strategies for increasing efficiency; P.L. Mafongoya, L. Hove.- Section 4: Towards better understanding: analytical and modeling tools for Agroforestry research. 14. The role of ecosystem-level models in the design of agroforestry systems for future environmental conditions and social needs; J.P. Kimmins et al.- 15. Measurement and simulation of light availability in relation to growth of coffee plants in an agroforestry system with rubber trees; C.A. Righi et al.- 16. Modeling green manure additions in alleycropping systems: linking soil community dynamics and nitrogen mineralization; Y. Carrillo, C. Jordan.- 17. Separating the tree-soil-crop interactions in agroforestry parkland systems in Saponé (Burkina Faso) using WaNuLCAS; J. Bayala et al.- Section 5: Synthesis. 18. Applying ecological knowledge to agroforestry design: a synthesis; A.M. Gordon, S. Jose.-