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Policy issues relating to forestry have been the subject of much debate in recent years, and many countries and international agencies have recently, or are currently in the process, of revising their policies for forestry. Much of this debate has implied that previous policies have failed or been much less successful than had been hoped. There is a tendency to think of policy as a matter for governments, but it is now more widely appreciated that all shareholders in the forestry sector have a legitimate interest in both the policy objectives and the means that will be used to implement it.
This book is mainly concerned with the process of developing policy and the subsequent implementation, than in specific content, though many of the important issues which policies must address are discussed. It is based on a review of many case studies with which the author has been personally involved over the past 40 years.
Content Level »Research
Keywords »conservation policy - development - forest - forest policy - forestry sector - human resource development - land-use policy - national forest policy - policy for forestry - resource management policy
Contributors. Acknowledgements. Preface. 1: Introduction. 2: Examples of Forest Policy. 2.1. National forest policy. 2.2. Resource management policy. 2.3. Fiscal policy. 2.4. Conservation policy. 2.5. Energy policy. 2.6. Land-use policy. 2.7. Distribution policy. 3: Implementation of Policy. 3.1. General. 3.2. Policies that appear to have worked. 3.3. Policies that have failed. 3.4. Policies that have been corrupted. 3.5. Policies that have had perverse results. 4: The Causes of Policy Failure. 4.1. Institutional failures. 4.2. Market failures. 4.3. Regulatory failures. 4.4. Implementation failures. 4.5. Inconsistent policies. 5 : Factors that Have Contributed to Successful Policies. 5.1.'Political will'. 5.2. Clarity of policy statements. 5.3. Participation of stakeholders. 5.4. Support for policy objectives. 5.5. The process of policy formation. 5.6. Instruments used to support policy. 6: A Framework for Successful Policy Formulation and Implementation. 6.1. The need for a policy for forestry. 6.2. International examples. 6.3. The process for policy formulation. 6.4. Preparation of a prograsmme of human resource development and training in support of the policy. 6.5. Implementation. 7 : revision of Policy. 7.1. Evaluation of monitoring results. 7.2. Changes in public opinion. 7.3. International agreements. 7.4. Changes in priority. References. Index.