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Life Sciences - Entomology | Carabid Beetles: Ecology and Evolution

Carabid Beetles: Ecology and Evolution

Series: Series Entomologica, Vol. 51

Desender, K., Dufrêne, M., Loreau, M., Luff, M.L., Maelfait, J.-P. (Eds.)

1994, XII, 476 p.

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The Carabidae (including ground and tiger presented at the 8th European Carabidologists' beetles) form one of the largest families of in­ Meeting - 2nd International Symposium of Cara­ sects, with no less than an estimated 40,000 de­ bidology, which took place at the Catholic Uni­ scribed species, occurring in nearly any terrestrial versity of Louvain (U. c. L. ) in Louvain-Ia-Neuve and at the Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sci­ habitat on all continents (except Antarctica) as well as on most islands. This extreme diversity ences (R. B. I. N. S. ) in Brussels, Belgium, Septem­ and distribution, along with the high abundance ber 1-4, 1992. The manuscripts were peer-re­ of these beetles in a large variety of habitats has viewed prior to acceptance. resulted a considerable interest in many aspects of European Carabidologists' Meetings were their study, including systematics, biogeography, started in the late 1960s by ecologists, mostly ecology and evolution. A large number of ground from the Netherlands, Scandinavia and Germany, beetles are known as polyphagous predatory who were investigating various aspects of the bi­ arthropods and therefore have been recognized ology of carabid beetles. Since that time the as beneficial insects in integrated pest manage­ number of participants to that meeting as well as ment of cultures. This has stimulated ecological its content have expanded considerably.

Content Level » Research

Keywords » Ecology - biogeography - classification - development - ecosystems - environment - environmental management - evolution - fauna - insect - morphology - physiology - vegetation - wetland

Related subjects » Animal Sciences - Ecology - Entomology - Evolutionary & Developmental Biology - Nature Conservation & Biodiversity

Table of contents 

One. Biogeography and Evolutionary Ecology.- Postglacial colonization of middle Europe by Carabus auronitens as revealed by population genetics (Coleoptera, Carabidae).- Phylogenetic relations and biogeography of the genera of Pseudomorphinae (Coleoptera, Carabidae).- The evolutionary history of the genus Abax (Coleoptera, Carabidae).- The carabid body plan: a functional interpretation.- Additions to the carabid fauna of the Hortobágy National Park.- Patterns of distribution of the genus Carabus L. in Europe: approaches and preliminary results.- Ecobiogeography of Carabidae in the Andes of Venezuela.- State-of-the-art and world perspectives of studies on tiger beetle larvae (Coleoptera, Carabidae, Cicindelinae).- Karyotypic data and current taxonomic ideas of the tribe Harpalini (Coleoptera, Carabidae).- Catalogue of the Carabus species from Siberia with preliminary notes to the taxonomical revision (Coleoptera, Carabidae).- Ground beetle communities in Central Appenines beech woods.- Mitochondrial DNA evolution and the application of the phylogenetic species concept in the Cicindela dorsalis complex (Coleoptera: Cicindelidae).- Graphipterus serrator: a myrmecophagous carabid beetle with mandibular auctorial tube in the larva (Coleoptera, Carabidae, Graphipterini).- Two. Life histories and Population Ecology.- Dependence of running activity and net reproduction in Carabus auronitens on temperature.- Phenology and egg production in Agonum dorsale and Pterostichus melanarius (Col., Carabidae) in winter wheat fields of different growing intensity in Northern Germany.- On the life history of Calathus granatensis (Coleoptera Carabidae) in southwest Iberian Peninsula.- Laboratory measurements of consumption and growth in Abax ater.- Factors influencing respiration in Abax ater.- Seasonal activity of carabid beetles in wooded habitats in northwest Germany (Coleoptera, Carabidae).- Egg size variation in Notiophilus biguttatus (Col., Carabidae).- Habitat-binding and coexistence of carabid beetles in a glacier retreat zone in the Zillertal Alps.- Investigations on the ecology of Laemostenus terricola (Coleoptera, Carabidae) in an agricultural landscape.- Modelling of habitat rearrangement of Carabid beetles.- The biology of four sympatric Poecilus species.- Spatial structure and dynamics of a population of Abax ater.- Starvation capacities of some carabid larvae.- Annual reproduction rhythms of ground beetles: a new approach to the old problem.- The strategy of dispersal behaviour in some Carabidae species of Southeastern Europe.- Influence of temperature and humidity on the activity of three Carabus species.- Habitat distribution of Brachinus species in alkaline and salty steppes and loess grassland (Coleoptera: Carabidae).- Temperature and photoperiodic influence on developmental stages and adults of the subarctic carabid beetle Pterostichus adstrictus (Coleoptera).- Population dynamics of Laemostenus schreibersi (Carabidae) in a cave in Carinthia (Austria).- Life strategy of an alpine carabid: Pterostichus jurinei (Coleoptera, Carabidae).- Highly sensitive reactions of microphthalmic carabid beetles to light/dark cycles.- Three. Community Ecology and Conservation.- The carabid fauna of sown conservation margins around arable fields.- Carabidae and Staphylinidae of Bohemian villages.- Carabids in roadside ecosystems: perspectives of bioindication.- Long term dynamics of carabid beetles in Belgium: a preliminary analysis on the influence of changing climate and land use by means of a database covering more than a century.- Size of habitat and presence of ground beetle species.- Carabid beetles as palaeo-ecological indicators in archaeology.- Strategic explanations of carabid species distributions in northern England.- Carabid species assemblages of North-East England woodlands.- Carabid beetle spatial patterns in cultivated wetlands. The effects of engineering works and agricultural management in Marais Poitevin (western France).- Habitat preference and competition among Carabus.- Dispersal of carabid species along a linear sequence of young hedge plantations.- Towards a method for biological assessment of habitat quality using carabid samples (Coleoptera, Carabidae).- Small populations of Carabidae and the protection of nature in Hungary.- Carabid beetles and nature conservation research in Belgium: a review.- The impact of grazing on communities of ground-dwelling beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae) in upland vegetation in north-east Ireland.- Community impacts of an exotic carabid: Pterostichus melanarius in western Canadian forests.- Diffusion of forest carabid beetles in hedgerow network landscapes.- Ground beetles (Coleoptera, Carabidae) as a tool for environmental management: a geographical information system based on carabids and vegetation for the Karst near Trieste (Italy).- Modelling the consequences of land use change on the distribution of Carabidae.- The development of carabid communities from uncultivated fields and meadows in the first five years of a succession.- Seasonal dynamics of interspecific trophic relations in a carabid beetle assemblage.- Classification of the carabid assemblages in the floodplain forests in Moravia and Slovakia.- Windbreaks as migration corridors for carabids in an agricultural landscape.- A method to evaluate the condition of heathlands by using catches of carabid beetles.- The effects of different vegetation structures on the dispersal of carabid beetles from poor sandy heaths and grasslands.- Movements of some carabid beetles in road-side verges. Dispersal in a simulation programme.- Carabids in a Central European floodplain: species distribution and survival during inundations.- Four. Ground Beetles in Agriculture and Forestry.- Belgian carabidological research on high-input agricultural fields and pastures: a review.- Phenology and distribution of carabid beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae) in muck-grown carrots in southwestern Québec.- Diversity patterns in carabid assemblages in relation to crops and farming systems.- Long-term effects of pesticides on Carabidae in U.K. farmland: some initial results from the “SCARAB” Project.- The distribution and movement of ground beetles in relation to set-aside arable land.- The carabid fauna of diflubenzuron-sprayed and unsprayed plots in Westphalian oak forests — a post-treatment comparison.- The positive influence of strip-management on ground beetles in a cereal field: increase, migration and overwintering.- Carabidae and cereals: a multivariate approach.- The estimation of carabids in a pasture by removal trapping.- The positive influence of strip-management on carabid beetles in a cereal field: accessibility of food and reproduction in Poecilus cupreus.- Author index.

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