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Life Sciences - Ecology | Jellyfish Blooms

Jellyfish Blooms

Pitt, Kylie A., Lucas, Cathy H. (Eds.)

2014, XI, 304 p. 78 illus., 54 illus. in color.

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  • A balanced and objective overview of the positive and negative ecological and societal impacts of jellyfish
  • Written and critiqued by many of the world’s leading experts on jellyfish
  • Brings together case studies  from around the world
  • First book exploring the science behind jellyfish blooms
Jellyfish are one of the most conspicuous animals in our oceans and are renowned for their propensity to form spectacular blooms. The unique features of the biology and ecology of jellyfish that enable them to bloom also make them successful invasive species and, in a few places around the world, jellyfish have become problematic. As man increasingly populates the world’s coastlines, interactions between humans and jellyfish are rising, often to the detriment of coastal-based industries such as tourism, fishing and power generation.   However we must not lose sight of the fact that jellyfish have been forming blooms in the oceans for at least 500 million years, and are an essential component of normal, healthy ocean ecosystems. Here many of the world’s leading jellyfish experts explore the science behind jellyfish blooms. We examine the unique features of jellyfish biology and ecology that cause populations to ‘bloom and bust’, and, using case studies, we show why jellyfish are important to coastal and ocean ecosystem function. We outline strategies coastal managers can use to mitigate the effects of blooms on coastal industries thereby enabling humans to coexist with these fascinating creatures. Finally we highlight how jellyfish benefit society; providing us with food and one of the most biomedically-important compounds discovered in the 20th century.  ​

Content Level » Research

Keywords » Blooms - Ctenophores - Jellyfish - Medusae - Nonindigenous marine jellyfish

Related subjects » Animal Sciences - Ecology - Environmental Management

Table of contents 

Chapter 1. Introduction
Carlos M. Duarte, Kylie A. Pitt and Cathy H. Lucas

Part I   Ecology of jellyfish blooms
Chapter 2. What are jellyfish and thaliaceans and why do they bloom?
Cathy H. Lucas and Michael N. Dawson
Chapter 3. Nonindigenous marine jellyfish: invasiveness, invisibility and impacts.
Keith M. Bayha and William M. Graham
Chapter 4. Bloom and bust: why do blooms of jellyfish collapse?
Kylie A. Pitt, Ariella Chelsky Budarf, Joanna G. Browne and Robert H. Condon
Chapter 5. Ecological and societal benefits of jellyfish.
Thomas K. Doyle, Graeme C. Hays, Chris Harrod and Jonathan D.R. Houghton
Chapter 6. Living with jellyfish: management and adaptation strategies.
Cathy H. Lucas, Stefan Gelcich and Shin-Ichi Uye

Part II  Case studies
Chapter 7. Population fluctuations of jellyfish in the Bering Sea and their ecological role in this productive shelf ecosystem.
Mary Beth Decker, Kristian Cieciel, Alexander Zavolokin, Robert Lauth, Richard D. Brodeur and Kenneth O Coyle
Chapter 8. The giant jellyfish Nemopile manomurai in East Asian marginal seas.
Shin-Ichi Uye
Chapter 9. Contrasting trends in populations of Rhopile maesculentum and Aurelia aurita in Chinese waters.Zhijun Dong, Dongyan Liu and John Keesing
Chapter 10. Chrysaora plocamia: A poorly understood jellyfish from South America.
Hermes Mianzan, Javier Quiñones, Sergio Palma, Augustin Schiariti, E. MaceloAcha, Kelly L. Robinson and William M. Graham
Chapter 11. Pelagia noctiluca in the Mediterranean Sea.
Antonio Canepa, Verónica Fuentes, Ana Sabatès, Stefano Piraino, Ferdinando Boero and Josep-María Gili.
Chapter 12. The ecology of Box jellyfish (Cubozoa).
Michael J. Kingsford and Christopher J. Mooney

 

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