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Life Sciences - Ecology | Phenology: An Integrative Environmental Science

Phenology: An Integrative Environmental Science

Schwartz, Mark (Ed.)

2nd ed. 2013, XX, 610 p. 130 illus., 61 illus. in color.

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  • Comprehensive topics, designed to nurture and serve the dynamic international and interdisciplinary phenological research community
  • The Editor is co-founder of the USA National Phenology Network (USA-NPN)
  • Includes chapters that outline the history of data collection and network development in each region

Phenology refers to recurring plant and animal life cycle stages, such as leafing and flowering, maturation of agricultural plants, emergence of insects, and migration of birds. It is also the study of these recurring events, especially their timing and relationships with weather and climate. Phenological phenomena all give a ready measure of the environment as viewed by the associated organism, and are thus ideal indicators of the impact of local and global changes in weather and climate on the earth’s biosphere.

Assessing our changing world is a complex task that requires close cooperation from experts in biology, climatology, ecology, geography, oceanography, remote sensing, and other areas. Like its predecessor, this second edition of Phenology is a synthesis of current phenological knowledge, designed as a primer on the field for global change and general scientists, students, and interested members of the public. With updated and new contributions from over fifty phenological experts, covering data collection, current research, methods, and applications, it demonstrates the accomplishments, progress over the last decade, and future potential of phenology as an integrative environmental science.

Content Level » Research

Keywords » Biomes and anthromes - Carbon dioxide exchange - Global change research - Remote sensing systems and applications - Terrestrial biospheric processes

Related subjects » Animal Sciences - Atmospheric Sciences - Ecology - Environmental Toxicology - Global Change - Climate Change

Table of contents 

Contributing Authors

Preface

Foreword

 

1. Introduction

Mark D. Schwartz

 

Part I: PHENOLOGICAL DATA, NETWORKS, AND RESEARCH

2. East Asia

Xiaoqiu Chen

3. Australia and New Zealand

Marie R. Keatley, Lynda E. Chambers, and Rebecca Phillips

4. Europe

Annette Menzel

5. North America

Mark D. Schwartz, Elisabeth G. Beaubien, Theresa M. Crimmins, and Jake F. Weltzin

6. A Review of Plant Phenology in South and Central America

L. Patrícia C. Morellato, Maria Gabiela G. Camargo, and Eliana Gressler

7. Antarctica

Lynda E. Chambers, Marie R. Keatley, Eric J. Woehler, and Dana M. Bergstrom

8. International Phenological Observation Networks: Concept of IPG and GPM

Frank-M. Chmielewski, Stefan Heider, Susanne Moryson, and Ekko Bruns

 

Part II: PHENOLOGIES OF SELECTED BIOCLIMATIC ZONES

9. Tropical Dry Climates

Arturo Sanchez-Azofeifa, Margaret E. Kalacska, Mauricio Quesada, Kathyn E. Stoner, Jorge A. Lobo, and Pablo Arroyo-Mora

10. Mediterranean Phenology

Donatella Spano, Richard L. Snyder, and Carla Cesaraccio

11. Phenologies of North American Grasslands and Grasses

Geoffrey M. Henebry

12. Mesic Temperate Deciduous Forest Phenology

Jonathan M. Hanes, Andrew D. Richardson, and Stephen Klosterman

13. Phenology at High Latitudes

Frans E. Wielgolaski and David W. Inouye

14. Phenology at High Altitudes

David W. Inouye and Frans E. Wielgolaski

 

Part III: PHENOLOGICAL MODELS AND TECHNIQUES

15. Plant Development Models

Isabelle Chuine, Iñaki Garcia De Cortazar Atauri, Koen Kramer, and Heikki Hänninen

16. Animal Life Cycle Models (Poikilotherms)

Jacques Régnière and James A. Powell

17. Daily Temperature-based Temporal and Spatial Modeling of Tree Phenology

Xiaoqiu Chen

18. Plant Phenological “Fingerprints”

Annette Menzel

19. High-Resolution Phenological Data

Mark D. Schwartz and Liang Liang

20. Weather Station Siting:  Effects on Phenological Models

Richard L. Snyder, Donatella Spano, and Pierpaolo Duce

 

Part IV: SENSOR-DERIVED PHENOLOGY

21. Remote Sensing of Land Surface Phenology: A Prospectus

Geoffrey M. Henebry and Kirsten M. De Beurs

22. Near-Surface Sensor-Derived Phenology

Andrew D. Richardson, Stephen Klosterman, and Michael Toomey

 

Part V: PHENOLOGIES OF SELECTED LIFEFORMS

23. Aquatic Plants and Animals

Wulf Greve

24. Birds

Tim H. Sparks, Humphrey Q. P. Crick, Peter O. Dunn, and Leonid V. Sokolov

25. Reproductive Phenology of Large Mammals

Jeffrey Kerby and Eric Post

 

Part VI: APPLICATIONS OF PHENOLOGY

26. Vegetation Phenology in Global Change Studies

Kirsten M. De Beurs and Geoffrey M. Henebry

27. Temperature Sensitivity of Canopy Photosynthesis Phenology in Northern Ecosystems

Shuli Niu, Yuling Fu, Lianhong Gu, and Yiqi Luo

28. Phenology and Evapotranspiration

Richard L. Snyder and Donatella Spano

29. Phenology in Agriculture and Horticulture

Frank-M. Chmielewski

30. Winegrape Phenology

Gregory V. Jones

31. Phenology in Higher Education: Ground-Based and Spatial Analysis Tools

Kirsten M. De Beurs, Robert B. Cook, Susan Mazer, Brian Haggerty, Alisa Hove, Geoffrey M. Henebry, LoriAnne Barnett, Carolyn L. Thomas, and Bob R. Pohlad

Acknowledgements

Index.

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