Saastamoinen, M., Fradinho, M.J., Santos, A.S., Miraglia, N. (Eds.)
2nd ed. 2012, Approx. 515 p. 116 illus.
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Highlights the role of forages and grazing in horse nutrition
Gathers information about related topics
Provides an interesting basis for further discussion, not only in specialized forums, but also for those involved in horse production
Forages should be the basis of all diets in horse feeding. Therefore it is of major importance to determine which parameters will influence their quality. Changes on chemical composition along the vegetative cycle, nutrient losses during harvesting, preservation and storage are factors that could have an effect on nutritive value, as well on digestibility and palatability. A specific grazing and ingesting behaviour, linked to plant preferences and the selection of feeding sites will have an impact on biodiversity. This will determine the options on plant species and varieties and further management of pastures for horses. This book highlights the role of forages and grazing in horse nutrition and also gathers information about related topics, such as the contribution of local breeds for the sustainability and development of rural areas, their impact on landscape and relationships with environmental preservation. This book is the 6th volume in a scientific series conceived through the European Workshop on Equine Nutrition (EWEN) which falls under the umbrella of the Horse Commission of the European Federation of Animal Science (EAAP). All these materials provide an interesting basis for further discussion, not only in specialized forums, but also for those involved in horse production.
Foreword; Markku Saastamoinen et al. Part 1. Plant physiology and its relation to feeding value.- Grass physiology and its relation to nutritive value in feeding horses; P. Virkajärvi et al.- Changes in chemical composition of different grass species and -mixtures in equine pasture during grazing season; S. Särkijärvi et al.- Phytoestrogen coumestrol and its metabolite in mares’ plasma after clover mixed pasture and alfalfa pellets ingestion; M. Botelho et al.- Fermentation parameters and total gas production of equine caecal and faecal inocula; A.S. Santos et al.- White clover (Trifolium repens L.): do non-structural carbohydrates account?; J.P.F. Almeida.- Part 2. Nutritional assessment of forage quality.- Nutritional assessment of forage quality; A.C. Longland.- Prediction of organic matter digestibility of forages in horses using different chemical, biological and physical methods; W. Martin-Rosset et al.- Repeatability and reproducibility of digestibility measurements in horses fed forage based diets; A.G. Goachet et al.- The effect of three different treatments on the respirable particle content, total viable count and mould concentrations in hay for horses; M.J.S. Moore-Colyer, B.G. Fillery.- Degradation of grass and grass fructan by equine gastrointestinal digesta in vitro; A.C. Longland et al.- Nitrogen digestion of a large range of hays by mobile nylon bag technique (MNBT) in horses; W. Martin-Rosset et al.- Evaluation of ADL, AIA and TiO2 as markers to determine apparent digestibility in ponies fed increasing proportions of concentrate; F.J.W.C. Schaafstra et al.- The effect of steaming and soaking treatments on respirable dust content of hay and the potential environmental polluting impact of the waste water produced; E.L. Blundell et al.- The use of frozen equine faeces to assess the nutritional quality of forages using an in vitro gas production technique; J.M.D. Murray.- Part 3. Grazing / Ingesting behaviour.- Grazing systems and the role of horses in heathland areas; K. Osoro et al.- How do horses graze pastures and affect the diversity of grassland ecosystems?; G. Fleurance et al.- The effect of pasture restriction on dry matter intake of foraging donkeys in the United Kingdom; S.J. Wood et al.- Variations in voluntary feed intake in 2 year old Standardbred geldings in training fed a forage only diet ad libitum; S. Ringmark, A. Jansson.- Effect of forage presentation on feed intake behaviour in stabled horses; A.D. Ellis et al.- The effect of wearing a grazing muzzle vs. not wearing a grazing muzzle on intakes of spring, summer and autumn pastures by ponies; A.C. Longland et al.- Inhibition of lamellar separation caused by endotoxins by Polymyxin B in an ex vivo/ in vitro model of equine laminitis; N. Reisinger et al.- Acclimatisation of horses to a novel feeding system; J. Monot et al.- Part 4. Grazing and pasture management.- Grazing and pasture management considerations from around the world; R. Smith et al.- Farm grazing management with horses in two French grassland regions: Normandy and Auvergne ; G. Bigot et al.- Grassland management practice on Irish Thoroughbred stud farms; F. McKenna et al.- Heavy grazing by horses on heathlands of different botanical composition; R. Celaya et al.- Foraging behaviour of equines grazing on partially improved heathlands; L.M.M. Ferreira et al.- Effect of cultivated or semi-natural pasture on changes in live weight, body condition score, body measurements and fat thickness in grazing Finnhorse mares; S. Särkijärvi et al.- Part 5. Impact of harvest, preservation and storage conditions on forage quality.- Impact of harvest, preservation and storage conditions on forage quality; C.E. Müller.- Horse feed hygiene evaluation with microbial and sensory examination; T. Stickdorn et al.- Effect of Vivaflor 03 on the colonic ecosystem of horses fed a high forage diet; A.G. Goachet et al.- Effects of a deoxynivalenol contaminated diet on feed intake and health status in horses; A. Schulz et al.- Aerobic stability of sugar cane in natura hydrolysed with calcium oxide to be used in equine diets; A.S.C. Rezende et al.- Nutritional composition of white oat (Avena sativa L.) with different levels of dry matter for use in the diet of horses; A.S.C. Rezende et al.- Effect of storage period on the chemical composition and beta-carotene concentration in estilosantes hay varieties for feeding equine; A.S.C. Rezende et al.- Part 6. Forage feeding systems.- Forage feeding systems; Jansson et al.- Forage analyses as a base of feeding of horses; M.T. Saastamoinen, M. Hellämäki.- Effects of foaling season on growth and development of Lusitano suckling foals raised on extensive grazing systems; M.J. Fradinho et al.- Effects of traditional versus novel feeding management on 24 hour time budget of stabled horses; S. Hallam et al.- Effect of inoculation of laminitic-prone, equine faecal inocula with varying forage sources with or without live yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) on in vitro gas production parameters; H.E. Warren, C. Hale.- Feeding forage before or after oats affects caecum pH profiles of the horse; R.B. Jensen et al.- The usage of forage analyses in optimizing horse nutrition in Finland; R. Uotila et al.- Blood glucose, lactate, urea, β-hydroxybutyrate, NEFA and insulin in Norwegian trotter horses fed different diets; C. Brøkner et al.- Lusitano horses in Portugal without access to pasture are at risk of having low serum levels of vitamin E: a pilot study; C. Finno et al.- Effect of yucca (Yucca schidigera) on ammonia levels from equine excreta in the stable; H.E. Warren, L. Codner.- Influence of fat supplementation on mare’s milk composition; A.A.O. Gobesso et al.- Effect of omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids supplementation on development of equine and mule nursing foals; J.R. Ferreira et al.- Part 7. Forage digestion and utilization by equids.- The fermentation of hay and starch when incubated in vitro with faecal inoccula from either normal healthy horses or horses with a history of laminitis; C. Hale et al.- In vitro gas production from colon contents in electrolyte supplemented horses; F.A. Almeida et al.- Effects of electrolyte supplementation on colonic contents and faeces in horses; P. Trigo et al.- Effect of the inclusion of ricinoleic acid from castor oil (Ricinus communis L.) in equine diet based on Bermuda grass hay: glycemic and insulinemic response; P.C. Nunes Gil et al.- Effect of the use of Saccharomyces cerevisiae on apparent digestibility in horses diet; A.A.O. Gobesso et al.- Effect of ricinoleic acid from castor oil (Ricinus communis L.) inclusion in equine diet on total apparent digestibility; P.C. Nunes Gil et al.- Part 8. Evaluating body condition.- Relationship between body condition and neck crest score systems and subcutaneous fat, tissue and muscle ultrasonic measurements in horses; S.R. Silva et al.- Evaluation of body condition score in horses by ultrasonography; A.A.O. Gobesso et al.- Relationship between ultrasound subcutaneous fat depth, body condition score and body subcutaneous fat distribution in Miranda breed jennets; M. Quaresma et al.- Part 9. Management of parasitism in grazing equids.- Ethnoveterinary applied to Equidae in the Alentejo, south Portugal; N. Farinha et al.- A combined trial of chemotherapy and biological control measures against parasites in grazing horses; M. Arias et al.- Effect of Duddingtonia flagrans chlamydospores on the control of parasite infection in grazing horses; C. Cazapal-Monteiro et al.- Parasite control in Miranda Donkeys as a way of keeping animal welfare; S. Sousa et al.- Addition of Duddingtonia flagrans chlamydospores to the concentrate feed can improve the successful of control measures against strongyle infection in horses; L.M. Madeira de Carvalho et al.- Part 10. Sustainable development of rural areas with horses.- Equids contribution to sustainable development in rural areas: a new challenge for the third millennium; N. Miraglia.- Socio-economic impact of horse production on rural areas: a comparison between Ireland and France; B. Younge, C. Vial.- Territories and grassland exploitation by horses in France; C. Vial et al.- The Portuguese Garrano breed: an efficient and sustainable production system; A.S. Santos, L.M.M. Ferreira.- Quantitative assessment of enteric methane emission and nitrogen excretion by equines; W. Martin-Rosset et al.- Inorganic, soluble faecal phosphorus excretion in growing horses fed forage-only diets; G. Ögren et al.- Part 11. Other horse topics.- Effects of body weight restriction on blood and adipose tissue adipokines and macrophage activation in obese and insulin-resistant ponies; J. Ungru et al.- Study of the lymphocyte proliferation of neonate foals from mares supplemented with linseed oil and soybean oil; A.A. O. Gobesso et al.- Author index.- Sponsors.