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Life Sciences | Genetics of Adaptation

Genetics of Adaptation

Series: Georgia Genetics Review, Vol. 3

Mauricio, Rodney (Ed.)

Reprinted from Genetica, Volume 12(1-2), 2005

2005, V, 209 p.

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An enduring controversy in evolutionary biology is the genetic basis of adaptation. Darwin emphasized "many slight differences" as the ultimate source of variation to be acted upon by natural selection. In the early 1900’s, this view was opposed by "Mendelian geneticists", who emphasized the importance of "macromutations" in evolution. The Modern Synthesis resolved this controversy, concluding that mutations in genes of very small effect were responsible for adaptive evolution.

A decade ago, Allen Orr and Jerry Coyne reexamined the evidence for this neo-Darwinian view and found that both the theoretical and empirical basis for it were weak. Orr and Coyne encouraged evolutionary biologists to reexamine this neglected question: what is the genetic basis of adaptive evolution?

In this volume, a new generation of biologists have taken up this challenge. Using advances in both molecular genetic and statistical techniques, evolutionary geneticists have made considerable progress in this emerging field. In this volume, a diversity of examples from plant and animal studies provides valuable information for those interested in the genetics and evolution of complex traits.

Content Level » Research

Keywords » Adaptation - Bur - Charles Darwin - Darwin - Ecology - Mutation - ecosystem - environment - evolution - evolutionary biology - genes - genetics - hybridization - recombination

Related subjects » Animal Sciences - Ecology - Evolutionary & Developmental Biology - Life Sciences

Table of contents 

Natura non facit saltum; R. Mauricio Theories of adaptation: what they do and don't say; H.A. Orr Testing hypotheses regarding the genetics of adaptation; P.C. Phillips QTL mapping and the genetic basis of adaptation: recent developments; Z.-B. Zeng Sex differences in recombination and mapping adaptations; P.D. Lorch Genetics and adaptation in structured populations: sex ratio evolution in Silene vulgaris; M.S. Olson, D.E. McCauley, D. Taylor Studying genetics in adaptive variation in model organisms: flowering time variation in Arabidopsis Iyrata; M. Riihimäki, R. Podolsky, H. Kuittinen, H. Koelewijn, O. Savolainen Ontogenetics of QTL: the genetic architecture of trichome density over time in Arabidopsis thaliana; R. Mauricio Epistasis in heterogeneous environments and the potential of maintenance of genetic variation in traits of adaptive significance; D.L. Byers The genetic basis of adaptation: lessons from concealing colouration in pocket mice; M.W. Nachman The genetics of adaptation in Drosophila sechellia; C.D. Jones Back to the future: genetic correlations, adaptation and speciation; S. Via, D.J. Hawthorne Parallel genotypic adaptation: when evolution repeats itself; T.E. Wood, J.M. Burke, L.H. Rieseberg Hybridization as a source of evolutionary novelty: leaf shape in a Hawaiian composite; S. Jørgensen, R. Mauricio Discovery and utilization of QTLs for insect resistance in soybean; H.R. Boerma, D.R. Walker

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