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Man has recognised an association of light with life and medicine for over 3000 years. Today the major challenges to this topic include the elucidation of photochemical reactions involved in photobiology at the molecular level. This includes the use of a variety of modem probing techniques that directly measures the reactivity of excited states and free radicals involved in biological reactions. This text-book is based on such an approach and has arisen from some of the lectures delivered at the NATO ASI held at Hotel Capo Caccia near the Centre for Advanced Research in Photobiology (CARP) in Sardegia, Italy. The ASI took place from 30 September -13 October 1993 and involved a total membership of 90. The book, like the NATO ASI itself, is divided into four themes starting with fundamental aspects and ending with complex medically related systems. Thus Theme 1 covers aspects of the underlying photophysics and photochemistry with particular emphasis on modem experimental techniques to study molecular mechanisms of biological processes. Theme 2 applies many of these fundamental studies to the chemical reactions of most relevance to photobiology and photomedicine such as photo-addition, -isomerization, -sensitization and -pigmentation. The third and fourth Themes deal with the deleterious and therapeutic aspects of light with particular emphasis on the use of Photo-Dynamic Therapy (PDT) to treat cancer and on viral and micro bioi infections.
Reactive Intermediates in Biology and Medicine: Photophysical Techniques Used in Photobiology and Photomedicine; R.W. Redmond. Reactive Oxygen Species; S. Nonell. Biological Antioxidant and Defense/Repair Systems; J.W.M. Lagerberg, et al. Photoreactions of Biological and Medical Importance: Photosensitizers; T.M.A.R. Dubbelman, J.D. Spikes. Photoadditions by Furocoumarins; D. Averbeck. Photopigmentation; P.A. Riley.a Damaging Effects of Light: Systematic Effects from Phototoxic Drugs; G.M.J. Beijersbergen Van Henegouwen. Phototoxicity of the Eye; T. Sarna, M. Rózanowska. Photomedicine: Photoactivation of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Involves Complex Signaling Pathways; J. Piette, S. Legrand-Poels. General Aspects of UVirradiation on the Immune System; M. Hurks, et al.a Photodynamic Therapy of Cancers; M.T. Foultier, et al. Index.