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Life Sciences - Agriculture | Quantitative Traits Breeding for Multifunctional Grasslands and Turf

Quantitative Traits Breeding for Multifunctional Grasslands and Turf

Sokolović, Dejan, Huyghe, Christian, Radović, Jasmina (Eds.)

2014, XIV, 397 p. 74 illus., 27 illus. in color.

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  • Shows advances in grasses and legumes breeding and genetic resources
  • Offers a unique collection of different ideas and breakthroughs in fodder crops and turf breeding
  • Gathers the knowledge about creative and innovative application of new molecular methods in practical breeding

This book includes papers presented at the 30th EUCARPIA Fodder Crops and Amenity Grasses Section Meeting.

Grasslands are among the largest ecosystems in the world and consequently are of great importance to human populations. They constitute a third of all agriculture land in Europe, and have played a major role in the development of agriculture and rural economy in many parts of Europe, from ancient times to the present day. Grasslands are an important source of animal feed, particularly for ruminants. They provide most of feeds, not only during the grazing season, but also during winter staple housing. In addition, grasslands both protect and utilise marginal soils that are unsuitable for arable cropping.

European grasslands provide the highest number of ecosystem services of all agricultural production systems. They preserve the biodiversity, including the forage species, and provide undisturbed habitats for species originally present in natural ecosystems. At the same time, grasslands protect soil, improve water quality and recover natural habitat through the reduction of nutrient losses, soil water evaporation and water and wind erosion, as well as by limiting leaching of nitrate and pesticides.

The genotypes of the species which are the main components of the grasslands have great influence on total outcome and successful utilization of grasslands. In order to adhere to the latest practices and trends in agriculture production and landscape architecture, it is therefore important to continuously improve fodder crops and turf swards. The wide range of breeding programs for forage and amenity species, as well as new breeding methods and techniques, is rapidly expanding the boundaries and is making it possible to achieve outstanding breeding results.

The challenging title of the book focuses on the breeding of quantitative traits, which directly impact the profitability and sustainability of grasslands and fodder crops production, as well as on multidisciplinary approach in grassland research and utilisation. The papers are grouped into five parts: Introduction, Genetic variability in forage productivity and quality and its exploitation through breeding, New biotechnology methods in sustainable breeding: strategies and implementation, Turf grass breeding and Breeding for new roles of multifunctional forage species. Together, these offer a unique collection of ideas and breakthroughs in the fields of fodder crops and amenity grasses breeding and genetics, as well as in the creative and innovative application of new tools in practical breeding.

Content Level » Research

Keywords » Forage and turf - Grasses - Legumes - Plant breeding - Plant genetics

Related subjects » Agriculture - Ecology - Plant Sciences

Table of contents 

Preface.- Part 1. Introduction. 1. Forage and grasslands in a sustainable agriculture: new challenges for breeding; Christian Huyghe, Charles Brummer.- 2. Agriculture, forage crops and grasslands in Serbia: production and breeding; Dejan Sokolović et al.- Part 2. Genetic diversity among and within species. 3. Ex situ conservation of genetic resources of forage and turf species in the IPK Gene bank at Malchow; Evelin Willner, K.J. Dehmer.- 4. Genetic response to climate scenarios in Dactylis and Festuca of temperate vs Mediterranean origin; Mark Ghesquière et al.- 5. Monitoring of vegetation changes in selected sinkholes in the Moravian karst, Czech Republic; Tomáš Vymyslický, Zdeněk Musil.- 6. Evaluation of a diverse collection of red clover germplasm for susceptibility to clover rot (Sclerotinia trifoliorum) and other important traits; Tim Vleugels et al.- 7. Variability of alsike clover (Trifolium hybridum L.) natural populations from Serbia; Mirjana Petrović et al.- 8. Characterization of some local populations of Medicago minima collected in the Central Steppe of Algeria; Abderrezak Chebouti et al.- 9. Genetic variability of the most important traits in meadow fescue accessions; Snežana Babić et al.- 10. Morphological variation between perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) natural ecotypes; Vilma Kemešytė et al.- 11. Variability of selected traits in the Czech alfalfa core collection; Jan Pelikán et al.- 12. Influence of management and habitat on genotypic and phenotypic diversity of Dactylis glomerata; Luisa Last et al.- 13. The utilisation of wild Fabaceae species in grasslands; Daniela Knotová et al.- 14. Assessment of susceptibility of different alfalfa genotypes to Colletotrichum destructivum; Tanja Vasić et al.- 15. The Czech core collection of Medicago spp.; Tomáš Vymyslický et al.- Part 3. Practical breeding of fodder crops. 16. Variation in cell wall digestibility of perennial ryegrass at heading stage; Frederik van Parijs et al.- 17. Factors influencing animal preference of tall fescue genotypes; Mathias Cougnon et al.- 18. Fair evaluation of yield potential in forage species evaluation; Ulf Feuerstein, Anita Swieter.- 19. Patterns of morphophysiological diversity and their implications for selection of grazing-tolerant Lucerne; Luciano Pecetti et al.- 20. Combining abilities of different alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) varieties; Jasmina Radovic et al.- 21. Towards productive summer dormant cocksfoot for Mediterranean climates; Philippe Barre et al.- 22. Potential of some neglected European annual legume crops for forage production; Aleksandar Mikić, V. Mihailović.-  23. New insights into alfalfa forage quality through the research project Qual&Medica; Marilena Paolini et al.- 24. Certain aspects of breeding forage brassicas; Aleksandar Mikić et al.- 25. Evaluation of dormancy and winter hardiness of alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) experimental lines, obtained by crossing parental lines characterized within the framework of the PERMED project; Valentina Nanni et al.- 26. Breeding perennial ryegrass with enhanced water soluble carbohydrate content; An Ghesquiere, J. Baert.- 27. Resistance of perennial ryegrass to crown and stem rust under field and greenhouse conditions; Radek Macháč, Bohumir Cagaš.- 28. Ideotypes of forage pea (Pisum sativum) cultivars; Vojislav Mihailović, A. Mikić.- Part 4. Turf grass breeding. 29. Recent achievements in breeding for turf quality under biotic and abiotic stress; Trygve Aamlid, Vinsent Gensollen.- 30. Evaluation of grass species cultivars and mixtures for use in high quality lawn tennis courts; Andy Newell.- Part 5. New biotechnology methods in sustainable breeding: strategies and implementation. 31. Characterisation of genetic diversity for resistance and quality traits using molecular tools; Hilde Muylle et al.- 32. Genome sequencing of model and forage legume species: consequences for genetic studies; Bernadette Julier et al.- 33. A genetic association between leaf elongation rate and flowering time in perennial ryegrass; Daniel Thorogood et al.- 34. Inheritance of crown rust resistance in a perennial ryegrass genotype of the cultivar Arvella; Franz Xaver Schubiger, B. Boller.- 35. High density array for SNP genotyping and mapping in tetraploid alfalfa; Yuanhong Han et al.- 36. Variation of cell wall digestibility in fodder grasses with particular focus on a perennial ryegrass  breeding pool; Jost Baert et al.- 37. QTL identification for leaf senescence in perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.); Meraluna Canunayon, Daniel Thorogood.- 38. Validation of candidate genes expression profiles during cold acclimation and freezing in perennial ryegrass; Kristina Jonavičienė et al.- 39. Different aspects of shoot branching in red clover; Annemie Van Minnebruggen et al.- 40. AFLP analysis of genetic diversity in an association mapping panel of Lolium perenne L.; Grazina Statkevičiūtė et al.- 41. Allele frequency of local maize inbred lines (Zea mays L.); Jasmina Milenkovic et al.- Part 6. Breeding for new roles of multifunctional forage species. 42. Breeding for ‘HealthyHay’: Can we optimise plant polyphenols in legumes for ruminant nutrition, animal health and environmental sustainability?; Irene Mueller-Harvey.- 43. High-throughput genome-wide genotyping to revive the use of natural diversity in forage and turf breeding; Jean Paul Sampoux et al.- 44. Monitoring, analysis and modeling of yield and quality dynamics of Lolium perenne varieties for biogas production; Anita Swieter et al.- 45. Effects of rhizobacterial inoculation of a preceding oat crop on alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) yield; Dušica Delić et al.- 46. Phalaris arundinacea L.: Variations in seed shattering and related traits in a breeding collection; Karin Förster et al.- 47. Effect of alfalfa cultivar on pollinator visitation, seed yield and yield components; Goran Jevtić et al.- 48. The influence of individual and combined inoculants on development of alfalfa on acidic soil; Snežana Andjelković et al.- 49. Alfalfa genetic variation for biomass production in pure and mixed stands; Amel Maamouri et al.- Part 7. Forage and seed production. 50. Drought effect on yield of perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.); Jonas Aper et al.- 51. Optimising stand density and nitrogen fertiliser rates for seed production in the tetraploid Italian ryegrass cultivar K29T; Aleksandar Simić et al.- 52. The influence of climatic conditions on forage yield and quality of certain types of grass; Tihomir Čupić et al.- 53. Indicating soil quality using urease and saccharase activity in abandoned grassland and differently managed crop fields; Ligita Baležentienė.

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