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Life Sciences - Agriculture | Ecosystem Services and Carbon Sequestration in the Biosphere

Ecosystem Services and Carbon Sequestration in the Biosphere

Lal, R., Lorenz, K., Hüttl, R.F., Schneider, B.U., von Braun, J. (Eds.)

2013, X, 464 p. 109 illus.

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  • Renowned experts deliberate on the possible effects of recarbonization of the biosphere on ecosystem services and human wellbeing
  • The comparison of ecosystem services and their interaction with carbon sequestration in the biosphere helps the reader in identifying challenges and opportunities to incentivize payments for ecosystem services
  • Includes interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary approaches for minimizing risks for ecosystem services by a recarbonized biosphere

This book describes comprehensively potential, co-benefits and drawbacks of carbon (C) sequestration for ecosystem services. Soil generates numerous ecosystem services for human wellbeing and ecological functions. The services discussed include provisional (feed, food, timber, biofuel), regulating (carbon sequestration, pests, diseases), cultural, and supporting (soil formation, nutrient cycling) services. Recarbonization of the biosphere is a potential strategy to redistribute C among global pools, and to enhance ocean but most importantly land-based C sinks with possible feedback on soil-based ecosystem services. Land use and soil management can degrade soil quality, and either reduce quantity and quality of ecosystem services or lead to disservices and create large ecological footprint. Thus, trade-offs between carbon sequestration and ecosystem services must be considered when incentivizing land managers through payments for ecosystem services. Together with sustainable management of land-based C sinks for climate change adaptation and mitigation this will minimize the risks of recarbonization of the biosphere for ecological functions and human wellbeing.

Content Level » Graduate

Keywords » Biosphere - Carbon Sequestration - Climate Change - Ecosystem - Food Security

Related subjects » Agriculture - Environmental Sciences - Global Change - Climate Change - Soil Science - Sustainable Development

Table of contents 

Foreword K. Töpfer
1 Societal Dependence on Soil’s Ecosystem Services; R. Lal, K. Lorenz, R.F. Hüttl, B.U. Schneider, and J. von Braun
2 Soils and Ecosystem Services; R. Lal
3 Ecosystem Carbon Sequestration; K. Lorenz
4 Food Security Through Better Soil Carbon Management; K. Goulding, D. Powslon, A. Whitmore, and A. Macdonald
5 Soil Carbon and Water Security; K.H. Feger and D. Hawtree
6 Forests, Carbon Pool and Timber Production; R. Jandl, S. Schüler, A. Schindlbacher, and C. Tomiczek
7 Ecosystem Carbon and Soil Biodiversity; G. De Deyn
8 Ecosystem Services and the Global Carbon Cycle; M.R. Raupach
9 Losses of Soil Carbon to the Atmosphere via Inland Surface Waters; J.J.C. Dawson
10 Why Pests and Disease Regulation Should Concern Mankind; W.A. Oluoch-Kosura A.W. Muriuki, F.M. Olubayo, and D. Kilalo
11 Natural Hazards Mitigation Services of Carbon-Rich Ecosystems; R. Cochard
12 Safeguarding Regulating and Cultural Ecosystem Services: Degradation and Conservation Status; B. Egoh
13 Human Appropriation of Net Primary Production, Stocks and Flows of Carbon, and Biodiversity; H. Haberl, K.-H. Erb, S. Gingrich, T. Kastner, and F. Krausmann
14 Soil Carbon and Biofuels; I. Lewandowski
15 Land Degradation and Ecosystem Services; Z. Bai, D. Dent, Y. Wu, and R. de Jong
16 The Human Dimensions of Environmental Degradation and Ecosystem Services: Understanding and Solving the Commons Dilemma; A. Singh, R. Wilson, J. Bruskotter, J. Brooks, A. Zwickle, and E. Toman
17 Soil Organic Carbon, Soil Formation and Soil Fertility; T. Gaiser, K. Stahr
18 Managing Soil Organic Carbon for Advancing Food Security and Strengthening Ecosystem Services in China; M. Fan, J. Cao, W. Wei, F. Zhang, and Y. Su
19 Research and Development Priorities for Global Soil-related Policies and Programs; R. Lal, K. Lorenz, R.F. Hüttl, B.U. Schneider, and J. von Braun
Index

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