Balancing Improved Livelihoods, Biodiversity Conservation and Land Protection
Squires, Victor R. (Ed.)
2012, XXXVI, 460 p.
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The book is rich with new data presented in 68 easy to understand charts/graphs (many in color) and 50 Tables as well as photos of this little known region
Presenting previously inaccessible Russian reports and scientific literature
Original information on land stewardship in Central Asia and its potential to arrest land degradation, conserve biodiversity and guarantee sustainable livelihoods
This volume of 18 chapters is the work of more than 30 authors, many of whom are natives of the Central Asian region or are researchers who have dedicated a large part of their working lives to studying the dynamics of people, livestock and climate (both physical and socio-political) in this vast and fascinating region. The work focuses on the 20 years since most of the countries in the region received independence after the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1990. But it also traces the attitudes of land users to the land dating from the before late 19th century, when Russian conquest and colonization occurred, and through the upheavals caused by Soviet-style collectivization and sedentarization. De-collectivization has created its own dilemmas, not the least of which are those related to land tenure and access rights to grazing lands and these are discussed in the context of land stewardship. The Central Asian region is huge and very diverse in agro-ecologies and production systems. Even though the countries are now moving into different directions of overall and policy development, the fundamental issues of sustainable agricultural development remain common for all countries of the region. Better land stewardship is a foundation for this strategic approach. The book is rich with new data presented in 68 easy to understand charts/graphs (many in color) and 50 Tables. Much of the information is new and was generated for this book by experts working in-country. It presents for the first time in English a digest of a plethora of previously inaccessible Russian reports and scientific literature that will be invaluable for development agencies, including UN, World Bank, Asian Development Bank, Islamic Bank as well as to students of this vast and fascinating region who seek up to date and authoritive information.
Content Level »Graduate
Keywords »Household income - Land tenure reform - Legislation and governance reform - Poverty alleviation - Sustainable development
Foreword; Preface; Acknowledgements; List of Tables; List of figures; List of Boxes PART 1 The Context 1. Central Asia’s Bio-Physical Context: Key Features, Challenges, Responses and Opportunities; Daniel Masseli and Inam-ur-Rahim 2. Better land stewardship: an economic and environmental imperative if there is to be sustainable development; Victor Squires 3. Evolution of land use in nomadic culture in Central Asia with special reference to Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan; R.M. Rahimon PART 2 Land stewardship: from concept to practice 4. Land stewardship in practice – An example from the Eastern Pamirs of Tajikistan; Kim André Vanselow, Tobias Kraudzun and Cyrus Samimi 5. Better land stewardship to avert poverty and land degradation in Afghanistan; M.H. Emadi 6. Extensive Livestock Production: Afghanistan’s Kuchi herders, risks to and strategies for their survival; Michael Jacobs and Catherine A. Schloeder 7. Constraints and barriers to better land stewardship: analysis of PRAs in Tajikistan; Barno Kurbanova PART 3 Protecting Rural livelihoods: the key to land stewardship 8. Rural livelihoods in Tajikistan: what factors and policies influence the income and well-being of rural families; Zvi Lerman 9. Livestock management problems and policies in Tajikistan: implications for land stewardship; David Sedik 10. Rangeland-based livestock: a vital sub sector under threat in Tajikistan; Paul J.H. Strong and Victor Squires PART 4 Creating the enabling environment 11. Pastoral Tenure in Central Asia: theme and variation in the five former Soviet republics; Sarah Robinson, Stefan Michel, Christoph Wiedemann, Yerlan Zhumabayev and Navinder Singh 12. Governance and the role of institutions in sustainable development; Victor Squires 13. Land Tenure Reform in Tajikistan: Implications For Land Stewardship and Social Sustainability: A Case study; Nargis HalimovaPART 5 Land protection 14. Engaging with land users; the first steps on a long road; Hua Limin and Zhang Degang 15. Fostering community-based stewardship of wildlife in Central Asia: transforming snow leopards from pests into valued assets; Rodney Jackson 16. Participatory Management of Desert Rangelands to Improve Food Security and Sustain the Natural Resource Base in Uzbekistan; M. Shaumarov, K.N. Toderich, E.V. Shuyskaya, S. Ismail, T. Radjabov & Osamu Kozan PART 6 Where to from here? 17. International perspectives on legislative and administrative reforms as an aid to better land stewardship in Central Asia; Ian Hannam 18. Conclusions and a way forward; John E. Leake Glossary of terms; List of abbreviations and acronyms;Index