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Provides concise reviews of current important and complex issues in agroecology
Assesses the present status of knowledge of the issue with regard to effectively moving toward improving sustainability
Identifies inadequacies, errors, and gaps in knowledge that may hinder or oppose effective progress toward improving sustainability
Discusses what, if possible, is needed to bring the issue onto a better track toward sustainability objectives
Issues In Agroecology integrates agriculture, ecology, sociology, anthropology, environmental sciences, ethics, economics, rural development, sustainability, policy and education. The series approaches this complex panorama of topics by presenting authoritative, comprehensive, and analytical reviews from leading scientists in all areas of agroecology worldwide. Authors are invited and represent a collaborative mix to provide strong summaries and scholarly advances that serve as foundations for discussion leading to novel routes of research activity, application of management methodologies, and education and outreach programs. Each review is a concise and up-to-date synthesis of the rapidly growing quantity of scientific information within this highly interdisciplinary field. The authors for each review assess the present status of the knowledge as to whether or not it is effectively contributing to increased sustainability. As a part of this assessment, the authors identify inadequacies, errors, and gaps in knowledge that may be hindering or opposing sustainability objectives. For each review, the authors ultimately discuss what might be needed to bring work and programs onto a better track towards achieving sustainability. Such informed assessments of the routes to realize future potential go beyond the individual farm to include landscapes, communities, and biogeographic regions by emphasizing their unique agricultural and ecological values, and their biological, societal, and cultural components and processes. As a result of these efforts, this series is an essential part of the scientific method and a necessity for researchers, teachers, students, and field professionals when dealing with increasing global environmental and socioeconomic change. Issues In Agroecology is a highly citable series that is guaranteed to enlighten research teams, technology users, educators, students, and the general public on the status and advances of agroecology worldwide.
Foreword.- Acknowledgements.- List of Contributors and Biosketches of Editors and Authors.- 1. Agroecology – interpretations, approaches and their links to nature conservation, rural development and ecotourism.-A.Wezel, J.C. Jauneau.- 1.1. Introduction.- 1.2. Historical view of Agroecology.- 1.3. Current variations in definitions and scales in Agroecology.- 1.4. Interpretaion of agroecology as a science, a movement and a practice.- 1.5. Agroecology and nature conservation.- 1.6. Agroecology and territorial development.- 1.7. Agroecology and ecotourism.- 1.8. Conclusions.- 2. Organic compost and manufactured fertilizers: economics and ecology.-D.C.Weindorf, J.P. Muir, C. Landeros-Sánchez.- 2.1. Introduction.- 2.2. Soil organic matter.- 2.3. Global compost dynamics.- 2.4. Organic and inorganic fertilization: culture, economics, and sustainability.- 2.5. Limitations of composts as fertilizers.- 2.6. Manufactured fertilizers versus composts as fertilizers.- 2.7. Conclusions.- 3. Global perspectives on birds in agricultural landscapes.-R.J. Johnson, J.A. Jedlicka, J.E. Quinn, J.R. Brandle.- 3.1. Introduction.- 3.2. Agricultural change and birds.- 3.3. Europe.- 3.4. United States and Canada.- 3.5. Latin America – Mexico, the Caribbean, Central and South America.- 3.6. Global topics.- 3.7. The roles of ecotourism and agrotourism.- 3.8. Research needs and conservation applications.- 3.9. Conclusion.- 4. A review of ecosystem services, farmer livelihoods, and value chains in shade coffee agroecosystems.-S. Jha, C.M. Bacon, S.M. Philpott, R.A. Rice, V.E. Méndez, P. Läderach.- 4.1. Introduction.- 4.2. Ecology, history, and geography of shade coffee.- 4.3. Conventional and alternative coffee value chains.- 4.4. Ecological processes and ecosystem services.- 4.5. Interacting ecosystem services and the socio-economic costs and benefits of shade coffee, 4.6. Farmer livelihoods, vulnerability and change.- 4.7. Discussion: synthesis and policy directions.- 4.8. Conclusions.- 5. Ecosystem services from smallholder forestry and agroforestry in the tropics.-T. Idol, J. Haggar, L. Cox.- 5.1. Introduction.- 5.2. Smallholder forestry and agroforestry in the tropics.- 5.3. Ecosystem services from smallholder forestry and agroforestry.- 5.4. Comparison of ecosystem services from the two systems.- 5.5. Compensation for ecosystem services.- 5.6. Promoting adoption and adaptive management of sustainable smallholder systems.- 5.7. Summary and recommendations.- 6. Sustainable development of an agricultural region - the case of the Allgäu, southern Germany.-S. Weizenegger, A. Wezel.- 6.1. Introduction.- 6.2. The study area.- 6.3. Changes in land use patterns and structure of agriculture from the Middle Ages up to the present.- 6.4. Agriculture and forestry today – strengths and weaknesses 6.5. Tourism.- 6.6. Current regional and rural development programs and project examples in the Allgäu.- 6.7. Allgäu – a development towards sustainability?.- 6.8. Conclusions and perspectives for the future