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Life Sciences - Agriculture | Diapause in Aquatic Invertebrates - Theory and Human Use

Diapause in Aquatic Invertebrates

Theory and Human Use

Series: Monographiae Biologicae, Vol. 84

Alekseev, Victor R., De Stasio, Bart, Gilbert, John J. (Eds.)

2007, XX, 260 p.

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  • Dormancy is a suspension of the vital functions in an organism for sometimes a very long time to overcome harsh environmental conditions. It is a widespread adaptation in many phyla from bacteria to vertebrates and may exert a great influence at aquatic communities.
  • Many authors of this new book were participants at the workshop on diapause in aquatic invertebrates (Pallanza, Italy 2003). The book consists of two major parts: phenomenology of diapause and significance of this adaptation in scientific and practical uses. Cultivation of live food, like rotifers or Artemia is an expanding application of practical use of diapause in modern aquaculture. Diapause provides the advantage of promoting the colonization of new environments by facilitating the passive transport of the resting stages of invasive species. Creation of artificial ecosystems outside the Earth’s biosphere with using dormancy becomes an actual possibility with the plans of humans to colonize our nearest planets. Studies on the vertical distribution of resting eggs in sediment cores yield important ecological information.
  • Properties of diapause and individual peculiarities of this ancient and well-developed adaptive phenomenon are regarded in the evolutionary distant groups like Rotifers, Crustaceans and Insects.

The first book on aquatic animals that combines the theoretical part with the application of knowledge on diapause in the wide spectrum of scientific and applied fields

Content Level » Research

Keywords » Aquatic invertebrates - Biom - Crustacea - Diapause - Fitness - Human use - Mechanism - Seasonal adaptations - biosphere - diagnosis - ecosystem - environment - live food - physiology - temperature

Related subjects » Agriculture - Animal Sciences - Ecology

Table of contents 

PART I: Strategies and Mechanisms of Diapause in Aquatic Invertebrates 1. INTRODUCTION TO DIAPAUSE, Victor R. Alekseev, Oscar Ravera & Bart T. De Stasio 1. Diagnosis of diapause, 1.2 Ecological causes of diapause in aquatic organisms, 1.3 Terminology on dormancy 2. TIMING OF DIAPAUSE IN MONOGONONT ROTIFERS: MECHANISMS AND STRATEGIES, John J. Gilbert 2.1 Introduction, 2.2 Female types and the fertilized resting egg, 2.3 The timing of sex: environmental controls, 2.4 The Timing of sex: endogenous controls, 2.5 General mechanistic models for the control of mixis, 2.6 Theoretical models for maximizing resting-egg production, 2.7 Diapausing parthenogenetic eggs, 2.8 Acknowledgments 3. DIAPAUSE IN CRUSTACEANS: Peculiarities of Induction, Victor R. Alekseev 3.1 Introduction, 3.2 Diapause in crustacean life cycles, 3.3 Presence of diapause among crustaceans, 3.4 Evolution of points of view on inducing factors, 3.5 Diapause as a photoperiodic response, 3.6 Light as the source of information about the season, 3.7 Role of temperature and photoperiod in diapause induction, 3.8 Population density and manifestations of photoperiodic reactions, 3.9 Food quality and diapause induction in Crustacea, 3.10 Population polymorphism and inheritance of photoperiodic responses, 3.11 Heredity of photoperiodic responses, 3.12 Acknowledgments 4. REACTIVATION OF DIAPAUSING CRUSTACEANS, Victor R. Alekseev 4.1 Introduction, 4.2 Patterns of reactivation processes for different types of diapause, 4.3 Endogenous phase of diapause, 4.4 Reactivation action of oxygen, 4.5 Participation of carbon dioxide in reactivation, 4.6 Hormonal basis of diapause, 4.7 Acknowledgments 5. DIAPAUSE IN AQUATIC INSECTS, WITH EMPHASIS ON MOSQUITOES, Elena B. Vinogradova 5.1 Introduction, 5.2Mosquitoes (Culicidae), 5.3 Other groups of aquatic insects, 5.4 Acknowledgments 6. A BRIEF PERSPECTIVE ON MOLECULAR MECHANISMS OF DIAPAUSE IN AQUATIC INVERTEBRATES, Victor R. Alekseev 6.1 Introduction, 6.2. Molecular mechanism of diapause in nematode Caenorhabditis elegans, 6.3 Acknowledgments PART 2: The Role of Diapause in Science and Human Uses 7. EGG BANK FORMATION BY AQUATIC INVERTEBRATES: A BRIDGE ACROSS DISCIPLINARY BOUNDARIES, Bart T. De Stasio 7.1 Introduction, 7.2 Dormancy processes, 7.3 Egg bank size and dynamics, 7.4 Creating an egg bank, 7.5 Conclusion, 7.6 Acknowledgements 8. USE OF CLADOCERAN RESTING EGGS TO TRACE CLIMATE-DRIVEN AND ANTHROPOGENIC CHANGES IN AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS, Susanne L. Amsinck, Erik Jeppesen & Dirk Verschuren 8.1 Introduction, 8.2 Tracing acidification, 8.3 Tracing eutrophication, 8.4 Tracing fish introductions and biomanipulation, 8.5 Tracing heavy metal pollution, 8.6 Tracing climate change, 8.7 Discussion and conclusion: limitations, concerns and future potentials, 8.8 Acknowledgements 9. RECONSTRUCTING MICRO-EVOLUTIONARY DYNAMICS FROM LAYERED EGG BANKS, Luc De Meester, Joachim Mergeay, Helen Michels & Ellen Decaestecker 9.1 Introduction: dormant stages and the study of micro-evolution, 9.2 A short survey of recent success stories, 9.3 Pitfalls, 9.4 Conclusion and future directions, 9.5 Acknowledgments 10. DOES TIMING OF EMERGENCE WITHIN A SEASON AFFECT THE EVOLUTION OF POST-DIAPAUSE TRAITS? Post-diapause and directly developing phenotypes of Daphnia, Kestutis Arbaciauskas 10.1 Introduction, 10.2 Daphnia life cycle, 10.3 Neonates: biochemical quality and body size, 10.4 Physiology: respiration and starvation resistance, 10.5 Life-history: growth, allocation and relative fitness, 10.6 Descendents of post-diapause and d

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