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Law - International, Foreign and Comparative Law | Atoll Island States and International Law - Climate Change Displacement and Sovereignty

Atoll Island States and International Law

Climate Change Displacement and Sovereignty

Yamamoto, Lilian, Esteban, Miguel

2014, XVI, 307 p. 49 illus., 47 illus. in color.

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  • Interdisciplinary legal and engineering perspective
  • ┬áScenario-based approach on the possible future situation of atolls, and its implications on sovereignty and the exploitation of maritime areas
  • Over 50 figures and maps describing the geomorphological problems of atolls and corals
  • Detailed analysis of the implications to human rights

Atoll Island States exist on top of what is perceived to be one of the planet's most vulnerable ecosystems: atolls. It has been predicted that an increase in the pace of sea level rise brought about by increasing greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere will cause them to disappear, forcing their inhabitants to migrate.
The present book represents a multidisciplinary legal and engineering perspective on this problem, challenging some common misconceptions regarding atolls and their vulnerability to sea-level rise. Coral islands have survived past changes in sea levels, and it is the survival of coral reefs what will be crucial for their continued existence. These islands are important for their inhabitants as they represent not only their ancestral agricultural lands and heritage, but also a source of revenue through the exploitation of the maritime areas associated with them. However, even if faced with extreme climate change, it could theoretically be possible for the richer Atoll Island States to engineer ways to prevent their main islands from disappearing, though sadly not all will have the required financial resources to do so.
As islands become progressively uninhabitable their residents will be forced to settle in foreign lands, and could become stateless if the Atoll Island State ceases to be recognized as a sovereign country. However, rather than tackling this problem by entering into lengthy negotiations over new treaties, more practical solutions, encompassing bilateral negotiations or the possibility of acquiring small new territories, should be explored. This would make it possible for Atoll Island States in the future to keep some sort of international sovereign personality, which could benefit the descendents of its present day inhabitants.

Content Level » Research

Keywords » Atoll Island States - Climate Change - Displacement - Human Rights - Sovereignty

Related subjects » Climate Change Management and Policy - Environmental Science & Engineering - International, Foreign and Comparative Law - Oceanography

Table of contents 

Chapter 1: Geography, Economy and Environment of Low-lying Island States.- Chapter 2: Climate Change and its Effects on Low-lying Island States.- Chapter 3: Climate Change Negotiations and AOSIS.- Chapter 4: Low-lying Island Future Scenarios, Adaptation Strategies and their Implication under UNCLOS.- Chapter 5: Alternative Solutions to Preserve the Sovereignty of Atoll Island States.- Chapter 6: climate Change Displacement in Atoll Island States.- Concluding Remarks.

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