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Determines whether and if so to what extent the OWF expansion due to the energy supply debate affects our oceans and local climates
Includes three in-depth analyses: 1. OWF effect on atmosphere, 2. OWF effect on the ocean and 3. a future scenario with two case studies
Analyzes model simulations and measurements
Renewable energy resources now play an essential role in the energy supply debate, and especially a new interest in wind energy has resulted in the intensified construction of wind farms. Thanks to the growing demand for renewable energy, offshore wind farms (OWFs) are increasingly gaining in popularity, since yields over sea are greater and more reliable than over land. Against this background it is becoming particularly urgent to determine whether and if so to what extent such OWF expansion affects our oceans and local climates. OWFs produce a downstream wind speed reduction, the so-called wind-wake effect, which impacts atmospheric boundary layers, alters local wind characteristics and in turn affects ocean dynamics. This book will help readers to understand in detail these OWF-induced changes in the atmosphere and ocean by analyzing model simulations and measurements. In this context, OWF-induced upwelling and downwelling are key aspects.
Content Level »Research
Keywords »HAMSOM - Offshore wind farms - Upwelling and downwelling - Wake effect - alpha ventus