Opening Markets for Foreign Skills: How Can the WTO Help?
Lessons from the EU and Uganda's Regional Services Deals
2014, X, 260 p. 9 illus.
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An easy to read, user friendly resource guide to understanding WTO Law on Trade in Services in general and Mode 4 in particular
A special chapter on the next frontier in WTO engagement on labor mobility
A resource guide on best practices in regulating labor mobility in the WTO context
The Mode 4 commitments of WTO Members are narrow and shallow. Even though trade negotiations for enhanced Mode 4 access started well before the launch of the DDA- prospects for success are thin. These negotiations followed a traditional mercantilist approach- with limited attention to the underlying difficulties countries face in letting people into their borders, either generally, or on the basis of a WTO GATS commitment. This Book argues that this approach alone will not succeed. It proposes a focus not on trading market access concessions only, but on discussions aimed at understanding each other's regulatory approaches. To date, in terms of the literature available, we know very little about how WTO Members are managing their Mode 4 commitments. We know even less about how the WTO could learn from clearly more advanced steps in regional liberalization processes. This Book addresses these issues- through case studies of market access and national treatment commitments, and regulatory approaches in Economic Integration Agreements of a select group of WTO Members.
Content Level »Research
Keywords »Domestic regulation on Mode 4 - European Union - GATS - General Agreement on Trade in Services - International Trade in Services - Labor Mobility - Mode 4 in the GATS - Regulatory cooperation in the GATS - Uganda Economic Integration Agreements
Introduction.- Conceptual Issues.- The Economic Importance of Mode 4.- Character and Trends in Existing Mode 4 Commitments in the GATS.- A Case Study of the EU Schedule of Specific Commitments.- A Case Study of Uganda's Schedule of Specific Commitments on Mode 4 in the GATS.- Prospects for Change in the DDA.