2015, Approx. 50 p. 17 illus., 13 illus. in color.
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Thorough introduction to key concepts on the links between climate change and conflicts
Work provides practical approach: how can politics and policies help reduce climate conflicts
Work focus on a vulnerable region (Western Africa) where more information is needed to face the upcoming challenge
The environmental impacts of climate change represent challenges to the societies and are anticipated to contribute to the destabilization of their human security, endangering ways of life of human-beings and inducing conflicts. Vulnerable societies are likely to see a surge in conflicts and violence happen. However social, economic and political circumstances mediating environmental changes are fundamental and determine whether the societal challenge will be a conflictive one. In Western Africa, major environmental changes are expected and the region hosts especially vulnerable population groups (i.e. herders and farmers). Political factors might contribute to determining the occurrence, escalation or reduction of conflict between those groups. The influence of integration policies, of the fairness of land tenure, and of decentralization and participation possibilities on conflicts is studied in Côte d’Ivoire, Ghana and Burkina Faso.
Content Level »Research
Keywords »Climate Change - Conflict Reduction and Management - Côte d’Ivoire - Farmer-Herder Conflicts - Human and Environmental Security - Security Risks - Western Africa
From the Contents: Part 1: The climate induced Degradation and increased Scarcity of Resources as Factors challenging security.- Introduction into current Climate Change, Conflict Concerns and Farmer-Herder Conflicts.- Literature Review: Causal Linkages between Environmental Change and Conflict.- Part 2: Theoretical Background: The Importance of Political Factors in a precarious Human and Environmental Security challenged by global, regional and local Environmental Changes.- Theoretical Prisms: Human and Environmental Security and Conflict Reduction.- The Role of Political Factors in Undermining or Maintaining Environmental and Human Security in a context of Climate Change.- Part 3: Case Study: Farmer-Herder Conflicts in Burkina Faso, Côte d’Ivoire and Ghana.- Background Information.- Methodological Approach to the Case Study.- Study of the three Research Hypotheses in the three selected Countries.